Presentation on theme: "Entrepreneurship Overview of Cash flow Entrepreneurship Agenda Business Plan Presentation Financials –Cash Flow –Notes on Forecasting (REVENUE) and Developing."— Presentation transcript:
Entrepreneurship Agenda Business Plan Presentation Financials –Cash Flow –Notes on Forecasting (REVENUE) and Developing a Profit and Loss Statement
Entrepreneurship [Company Name] Business Plan Adapted from Microsoft Power Point Template
Entrepreneurship Mission Statement Business Concept –Summarize key technology, concept or strategy on which your business is based A clear statement of your company’s long-term mission. Try to use words that will help direct the growth of your company, but be as concise as possible.
Entrepreneurship The Team List CEO and key management by name Include previous accomplishments to show these are people with a record of success Summarize number of years of experience in this field
Entrepreneurship Market Summary Market: past, present, & future: –Review those changes in market share, leadership, players, market shifts, costs, pricing, or competition that provide the opportunity for your company’s success. Problems and opportunities: –State consumer problems, and define nature of product/service opportunities created by those problems. Competition –Summarize competition –Outline your company’s competitive advantage
Entrepreneurship Financial Plan High-level financial plan that defines financial model, pricing assumptions, and reviews yearly expected sales and profits for the next 3 - 5 years.
Entrepreneurship Resource Requirements Technology requirements Personnel requirements Resource requirements –Financial, distribution, promotion, etc. External requirements –Products/services/technology required to be purchased outside company
Entrepreneurship Risks & Rewards Risks –Summarize risks of proposed project Addressing risk –Summarize how risks will be addressed Rewards –Estimate expected pay- off, particularly if seeking funding funding, state specifics Key Issues Near term –Isolate key decisions and issues that need immediate or near-term resolution Long term –Isolate issues needing long- term resolution –State consequences of decision postponement If you are seeking
Entrepreneurship What you will learn in this module: What you should learn: –The basics of how cash flows in an organization –The difference between cash inflows and cash outflows What revenue is What expenses are –Introduction to advanced cash flow concepts
Entrepreneurship Frame of Reference: A Family For this module, lets look at a typical families monthly cash flow. There are two primary components: –The amount of money coming in Salary, Interest, Other Income –The amount of money spent Mortgages, food, loan repayment, utilities, etc.
Entrepreneurship Let’s put this in a business context: Each Month: MONEY COMES IN MONEY GOES OUT You receive 4,400 euros in salary/month. You receive 1,167 euros/month in rent for an apartment you own Your spouse earns 2,433 euros per month in salary You spend
Entrepreneurship Salary, Interest Earned, Other Income, and Rental Income are cash inflows. Inflow Your Family Outflow Control BANK Salary Interest Earned Other Income Rental Income Cash In Flows are also called REVENUE 4,400 1,167 2,433
Entrepreneurship We also consider how much money is in the ‘bank’. Example: On February 1 st, our Bank Balance showed 1000 Euros. Also on February 1, we were received 8000 euros in cash in salaries, and in rental income for January. 1000 Euros in Bank + 8000 Euros in Cash = 9000 Euros Cash The 9000 Euros is the cash we can spend in the month of February
Entrepreneurship Quick Review Revenue – the money we take in during a certain period of time (e.g. 1 month), in exchange for the delivery of services or products. These are also called ‘Cash In Flows’
Entrepreneurship What are Expenses? Expenses are money that U pay to other companies and people. In return, they provide you with a product or service of value to you. Facilities –Buildings –Warehouses –Factories Utilities –Telecommunications –Energy –Water Outsource Payments Food Travel Loan payments
Entrepreneurship Lets now put it altogether. First, we look at inflows… Money we make or acquire (REVENUE) And then at out flows… Money we spend (EXPENSES) InflowFamilyOutflow Control BANK U may have money to put in the bank each month!
Entrepreneurship Quick Review Revenue – the money we take in during a certain period of time (e.g. 1 month), in exchange for the delivery of services or products. These are also called ‘Cash In Flows’ Expenses – the money we spend during a certain period of time (e.g. 1 month) for certain products or services we use. These are also called ‘Cash Out Flows’
Entrepreneurship The first month of cash inflow might look like this: Your total cash inflow (REVENUE) in January is 7,700 Euros In this example, we have no cash from the prior month. But we have received a Salary (4,400 Euros); Other Income (2,000 Euros); and Rental Income (1,300 Euros). InflowFamilyOutflow Control BANK
Entrepreneurship The family also has cash outflows in January as follows: The family's cash outflows are money spent on: –Food –Clothing –Shelter/Housing –Paying back loans –Utilities –Travel –Assistance services –Insurance –Etc. (Miscellaneous) InflowFamilyOutflow Control BANK
Entrepreneurship U Inc. also puts money in the bank in January (JAN): To figure out how much money gets put into the bank, we subtract The Families sum of all EXPENSES from The Families sum of all REVENUES. The Families TOTAL EXPENSES = 6,700 Euros The Families TOTAL REVENUE = 7,700 Euros Our NET CHANGE in CASH is 1,000 Euros. 7,700 -6,700 1,000
Entrepreneurship The money in the Bank helps February (FEB) get off to a positive start. In February (FEB) – we have 1000 euros in cash from the prior month to start with. The 1000 Euros comes from subtracting all of your cash outflows (EXPENSES) from your cash inflows (REVENUES) You SUBTRACT because you spend money to buy products or services from the money you have taken in. 7,700 -6,700 1,000
Entrepreneurship QUICK QUIZ Review the table from the previous slide. QUESTION: How much money will you have to start March with (money in the ‘Bank’)? ANSWER: 3,400 Euros!
Entrepreneurship The entire year might look like this:
Entrepreneurship Quick Quiz Part I 1.Cash Inflows are called: a.Revenue b.Loss c.Expenses d.None of the above 2.Cash Outflows are called: a.Revenue b.Loss c.Expenses d.None of the above A. Revenue C. Expenses
Entrepreneurship Quick Quiz – Part II 1.How much working capital is in the bank at the end of July? 2.What is the total Revenue for the year? 3.How much money is in the bank at the end of the year? 4.How much money was spent on mortgage payments during the year? 1.- 1,700 Euros 2.97,000 Euros 3.2,800 Euros 4.19,200 Euros Review the annual cash flow statement and then answer the following questions:
Entrepreneurship Advanced concept 1: Types of cash flows You can receive cash inflows from: –Operational activities Selling products Accounts receivable Depreciation Deferred taxes or wages –Investments Other investments (such in companies, loans, other interest generating notes) Purchasing equipment used in producing goods or services –Financing Bank or shareholder loans Dividends, repayment of loans, stock related transactions
Entrepreneurship Advanced concept 2: Free Cash Flow Free Cash Flow is defined as the amount of cash left over after all expenses associated with investments have been subtracted from operating expenses. Free Cash Flow is essentially the amount of cash available at a specific point in time that can be returned to the capital providers (investors, banks, etc.)