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Controls proportionate to the Risks for the European meat Industry Dream or Reality? Controls proportionate to the Risks for the European meat Industry.

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Presentation on theme: "Controls proportionate to the Risks for the European meat Industry Dream or Reality? Controls proportionate to the Risks for the European meat Industry."— Presentation transcript:

1 Controls proportionate to the Risks for the European meat Industry Dream or Reality? Controls proportionate to the Risks for the European meat Industry Dream or Reality? Professor Patrick Wall School of Public Health and Population Sciences University College Dublin Chairperson EFSA

2 Public Health Science Consumer Confidence Politics Trade $$$ Food Safety Regulations

3 Farm to Fork ?? Animal Feed Pharmaceuticals Animal Welfare Processing Storage Retail Drivers Consumer Trends New Threats Mass Media National Regulations International Regs. Mixed Standards Different Starting Points Different Enforcement Fraud

4 Super-bugs in imported chickens Carcinogens in processed meat New Cases of BSE Political Response often in proportion to the media interest rather than health risk? the media interest rather than health risk? Media amplification of risk

5 BSE Was the Switch

6 HUMAN BEHAVIOUR We wouldnt eat beef! Far too dangerous!!

7 The New European Globesity I Dont eat chicken ! Bird Flu I Dont eat Beef ! BSE ! Probability Neglect Public Politicians Policy makers

8 Dangerous Very Bad Safe Very Good Nutritional Advice? Confused consumer s Reduce: Saturated fat Sugar Salt Eat more Fruit Vegetables & Fibre Take More Exercise

9 Relationship between the Regulators and The Meat Industry ? Collaboration or Co-operation Regulators Industry

10 Cooperation… Food & Veterinary Office

11 Risk Assessment Provision of Scientific Advice and Scientific Opinions. Scientific and technical support for the Communitys legislation and policies in all fields which have a direct or indirect impact on food and feed safety. Risk Communication Risk Communication related to food and feed Safety Not Risk Management EFSA MISSION Evidence Based Policy?

12 Plant Health Plant Protection Products Animal feed Animal Health and Welfare Biological Hazards Chemical contaminants GMOs Nutrition/Diet Products and allergies Additives, flavourings and contact mat ScientificCommittee Risk Assessment:- Panels

13 Meat and bone meal SRM risk Carcasses washes poultry Animal Health and Welfare Liquid versus natural smoke Nitrates in processed meats Enzymes/additives/flavourings Nutrient and health claims GMOs Salmonella prevalence in pigs and poultry Cloning / nanotechnology etc

14 Increasing Scientific Capability Fingerprinting bugs New compounds? Lower levels of detectablility - parts per trillion New techniques-eg cloning, nanotechnology Improved Risk Assessment

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16 Ingredients Labelling This Slice Contains the Following: List of Ingredients As a general rule the ingredients of a pre-packaged food must be listed on the label in descending order of weight. However, there are some exceptions to this rule (56)(57): A list of ingredients is not required for certain foods as listed in the Directive 2000/13/EC article 6(57) such as fresh fruit and vegetables which have not been peeled or cut and products comprising of a single ingredient. Additives which are used as processing aids and additives that are contained in an ingredient of a foodstuff but serving no technological function in the finished product do not have to be mentioned on the label. Whether or not the additive performs a technological function in the final product will depend both on the ingredient containing the additive and the food to which it is added. For example, preservatives used in fruit puree will not necessarily be performing the same function when the fruit is added to heat-treated yoghurt and may not have to be declared. There are rules that simplify the declaration of ingredients on the label of a pre-packaged foodstuff. Ingredients of a foodstuff that belong to a certain category of ingredients as listed in the Directive need only be indicated by their designated category rather than their specific name. For example, where fish is an ingredient of a foodstuff all species of fish may be indicated simply as the category fish in the list of ingredients provided that other information anywhere on the label does not refer to a specific species of fish. Other categories of foodstuff include oil together with either the adjective vegetable or animal as appropriate and crystallised fruit. See Annex 2 for a complete list of categories of ingredients, which may be declared on the label. It should be noted where the ingredient starch or modified starch (as listed in Annex 2) originates from a source that contains gluten the source of its cereal origin must always be given. For example, where starch in a product comes from wheat, oats, barley or rye, the declaration Wheat Starch or Oats Starch as appropriate must be given in the list if ingredients (57). List of Ingredients As a general rule the ingredients of a pre-packaged food must be listed on the label in descending order of weight. However, there are some exceptions to this rule (56)(57): A list of ingredients is not required for certain foods as listed in the Directive 2000/13/EC article 6(57) such as fresh fruit and vegetables which have not been peeled or cut and products comprising of a single ingredient. Additives which are used as processing aids and additives that are contained in an ingredient of a foodstuff but serving no technological function in the finished product do not have to be mentioned on the label. Whether or not the additive performs a technological function in the final product will depend both on the ingredient containing the additive and the food to which it is added. For example, preservatives used in fruit puree will not necessarily be performing the same function when the fruit is added to heat-treated yoghurt and may not have to be declared. There are rules that simplify the declaration of ingredients on the label of a pre-packaged foodstuff. Ingredients of a foodstuff that belong to a certain category of ingredients as listed in the Directive need only be indicated by their designated category rather than their specific name. For example, where fish is an ingredient of a foodstuff all species of fish may be indicated simply as the category fish in the list of ingredients provided that other information anywhere on the label does not refer to a specific species of fish. Other categories of foodstuff include oil together with either the adjective vegetable or animal as appropriate and crystallised fruit. See Annex 2 for a complete list of categories of ingredients, which may be declared on the label. It should be noted where the ingredient starch or modified starch (as listed in Annex 2) originates from a source that contains gluten the source of its cereal origin must always be given. For example, where starch in a product comes from wheat, oats, barley or rye, the declaration Wheat Starch or Oats Starch as appropriate must be given in the list if ingredients (57).

17 The Major Food Poisoning Pathogens are Zoonoses! Control in the animal reservoirs! FMD Blue tongue Avian flu Swine fever

18 Zoonosis Directive- Community Summary Report 1.Brucellosis 2.Campylobacteriosis 3.Echinococcosis 4.Listeriosis 5.Salmonellosis 6.Trichinellosis 7.Tuberculosis (M bovis) 8.VTEC 9.Foodborne outbreaks 10.Antimicrobial Resistant Salmonella & Campy Danish Institute of Food & Veterinary Research ECDC

19 Zoonotic agents not necessarily from meat Climate Change:-contaminated water E coli O157

20 Danish pigs are special? More Science in Meat Inspection

21 Animal Welfare?

22 /

23 A meatpacker accused of animal cruelty is making the largest U.S. meat recall on record million lbs, the U.S. Agriculture Department said on Sunday. Most of the meat, probably has already been consumed, said USDA officials at a briefing. Some 37 million lbs were bought for school lunches. Largest Recall of Ground Beef Is Ordered Published: February 18, 2008

24 Rapid Alert System Rapid Alert System Identifies a range of problems across all categories of foods suggesting that all is not well in the global village and equivalents standards are not being applied

25 Global Village:-Global Problems Global Solutions Consistent science

26 Divergance of political opinion… What about GMOs? We are All for it Absolutly Not Need Further Discussion Yes! But Politicans will Say No! Should Be Banned Some Time In Future

27 EFSA under attack 1.Too slow 2.Not rigorous enough

28 Zero Tolerance One Ship tonnes of trouble…. Asynchronous Authorisations DG Agri Report Economic impact of unapproved GMOs on EU Feed Imports and livestock production

29 Your Standards must protect your weakest customers

30 EFSA Advisory Forum

31 EFSA is a resource for everyone in the EU, so use it! Your taxes are paying for it!


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