Presentation on theme: "National Conventions The meetings at which the delegates vote to pick their presidential and vice-presidential candidates Regularly, the leading contender."— Presentation transcript:
National Conventions The meetings at which the delegates vote to pick their presidential and vice-presidential candidates Regularly, the leading contender has won enough delegates in the primaries and caucuses to lock up the nomination before the convention meets
Party Conventions Accomplish 6 goals 1.Officially name Party’s Presidential and Vice-presidential Candidates 2.To bring the various factions and the leading personalities in the party together in one place for a common purpose 3.To adopt the party’s platform - its formal statement of basic principles, stands on major policy matters, and objections for the campaign and beyond 4.Promote party unity 5.Mobilizes support for the party ticket 6.Captures interest/attention of the country
Given the electoral college procedure, is the individual vote really meaningful?
12 th Amendment The major change in the electoral college made by the amendment was that each elector would distinctly cast one electoral vote for President and one for Vice President.
Constitutional System Article II Section I Modified 12th Amendment 1804 23rd Amendment 1961
Electoral College It is the collective name for a group of electors, nominated by political parties within the states and popularly elected, who meet to vote for the two offices: President Vice-President
Electoral College Process General Population Votes
Your vote for President and Vice President doesn’t elect the candidates You are actually voting for slates of electors pledged to that candidate.
18 H + 2 S = 20 Electoral Votes Electors Total = 538 House of Rep. = 435 Senate = 100 D.C. = 3 270 Votes Win
General Election Think 51 Separate Elections – 48 States and District of Columbia do a Winner Take All for awarding Electors Popular Vote = All of Electors – 2 States award Electors based on a Proportional Method or Split Slate District Popular Vote = Electors based on district State Popular Vote = 2 Electors
Proportional Method = Split Slate District Vote and At-Large Nebraska Maine
Election of 1800 and Political Parties The electoral college is the group of people (electors) chosen from each State and the District of Columbia that formally selects the President and Vice President. With the rise of political parties in 1796, flaws began to be seen in the system. Original Version Electors voted for two candidates. 12 th Amendment requires two votes cast for President and Vice President.
Constitution Page 365 – Read 365 – 367 Page 766 and 773 – Look at first line in each Article 1 Section 1 Clause 3 (crossed out) Amendment 12
Election of 1800 A Tie means that the Constitution calls for the vote to be thrown into the House of Representatives. House controlled by Federalists House wanted Burr Popular Vote wanted Jefferson Voted 36 Times A Tie means that the Constitution calls for the vote to be thrown into the House of Representatives. House controlled by Federalists House wanted Burr Popular Vote wanted Jefferson Voted 36 Times
Popular Vote and Electoral Votes Elections of: – 1824 – 1876 – 1888 – 2000 – Show video clip from The Election Process in America
1824 Popular Vote Andrew Jackson 43% John Q. Adams 30.5% Electoral Vote Jackson99 votes (261) Adams 84 * Adams elected by House of Representatives when Jackson did not receive a majority of the Electoral votes
1876 Popular Vote Samuel Tilden51% R. B. Hayes48% Electoral College Tilden 184 Hayes185 Winner: Hayes
1888 Popular Vote Grover Cleveland48.5 % Benjamin Harrison47.8 % Electoral College Cleveland168 Harrison233 Winner: Harrison
2000 Popular Vote Albert Gore48.7% George W. Bush48.5% Electoral College Gore266 Bush271 Winner: Bush District of Columbia has 3 votes and 1 Abstained.