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Successful Integration of Mobility Management into Site Development PHOENIX-West Dortmund, Germany Ulrike Reutter, Mechtild Stiewe, Janina Welsch.

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Presentation on theme: "Successful Integration of Mobility Management into Site Development PHOENIX-West Dortmund, Germany Ulrike Reutter, Mechtild Stiewe, Janina Welsch."— Presentation transcript:

1 Successful Integration of Mobility Management into Site Development PHOENIX-West Dortmund, Germany Ulrike Reutter, Mechtild Stiewe, Janina Welsch

2 ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21 Successful integration of mobility management into site development: PHOENIX-West Dortmund, Germany 2 In Germany Mobility Management (MM) is generally not integrated into urban planning ILS is working on this topic within two research projects, both look for existing possibilities of better integrating MM into urban planning in Germany as well as Europe and propose good solutions: Mobility Management in urban planning German title: Mobilitätsmanagement in der Stadtplanung Funded by Ministry for Building, Transportation and Urban Affairs Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bauen und Stadtentwicklung BMVBS Forschungsprogramm Stadtverkehr (FOPS) Project FE MAX – Successful Travel Awareness Campaigns and Mobility Management Strategies Co-funded by the European Commission within the Sixth Framework Programme ( ). Project No: Background

3 ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21 Successful integration of mobility management into site development: PHOENIX-West Dortmund, Germany 3 German planning system is a federal system with generally 3 levels: national, state, municipal National laws set only the framework conditions for the lower levels Main law is the Federal Building Code (Baugesetzbuch – BauGB) municipalities can close a contract with developers to set special rules for the development of the site The 16 States have the main responsibility for spatial planning and set the rules for planning in the municipalities together with national law Main laws are the State Building Codes (Bauordnung – BauO) detailed regulations for each State e.g. for defining the minimum number of requested parking spaces for new buildings Preconditions in German Planning Law (1)

4 ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21 Successful integration of mobility management into site development: PHOENIX-West Dortmund, Germany 4 Municipalities prepare local land use plans (Flächennutzungsplan) for the whole administrative area prepare site development plans (Bebauungsplan) for development areas within the city grant building permissions if the buildings are in accordance with the plans Within these plans municipalities have the opportunity to create good preconditions for integrating MM and set the legal framework for the development site Mobility Management itself or instruments like travel plans are not defined and not integrated in German planning laws and instruments Preconditions in German Planning Law (2)

5 ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21 Successful integration of mobility management into site development: PHOENIX-West Dortmund, Germany 5 Best practice: Dortmund PHOENIX-West City of Dortmund was chosen as best-practice example within both research projects The city produced a Masterplan Mobility as an informal planning instrument to guide the transport development (use of MM is included) Dortmund aims to integrate Mobility Management into re-development of the former industrial area PHOENIX- West Location of Dortmund in Germany source:

6 ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21 Successful integration of mobility management into site development: PHOENIX-West Dortmund, Germany 6 Location of Dortmund and PHOENIX-Area Location of NRW and Ruhr-Area source: Lage_des_Ruhrgebiets.png Location of PHOENIX-Area source: Stadt Dortmund 2006 Dortmund belongs to the State North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) The city is part of the Ruhr-Area which has a long history of coal & steel industries Whole Ruhr-Area is (still) facing a far reaching economic structural change Many of the former industrial sites are re-developed and used in various ways (industrial museums, cultural venues, businesses, housing etc.) PHOENIX-West in Dortmund is such a brown-field re-development site

7 ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21 Successful integration of mobility management into site development: PHOENIX-West Dortmund, Germany 7 PHOENIX-Area: 150 years of industrial history (steel production) PHOENIX-West closure in 1998: ~ 1 km² PHOENIX-Area: brown-field re-development site Aerial view of PHOENIX-West area in June 2007 source:

8 ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21 Successful integration of mobility management into site development: PHOENIX-West Dortmund, Germany 8 Planned uses for PHOENIX-Area PHOENIX-West PHOENIX-East Hörde – district centre existing uses: shopping, housing, businesses technology & business park planned uses: micro- & nano technologies, IT businesses new Phoenix-Lake (man made) planned uses: mainly housing & leisure

9 ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21 Successful integration of mobility management into site development: PHOENIX-West Dortmund, Germany 9 Dortmund set preconditions and the legal framework for PHOENIX-West within the site development plan aiming for a high quality development: City defines areas for special uses (e.g. micro & nano technologies, IT businesses) City aims for a high density area (e.g. heights, building lines & borders) City builds only few off-site parking spaces along the streets When the site is fully developed: about people will work at PHOENIX-West about car-trips per day are predicted (without MM) up to 3 multi-story car parks will be built (central parking) good accessibility with public transport will be offered PHOENIX-West: planning for high quality development

10 ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21 Successful integration of mobility management into site development: PHOENIX-West Dortmund, Germany 10 PHOENIX-West: Guidebooks for developers High quality development needs special guidance. Therefore the city set different framework conditions for design, energy and mobility For each topic a special guidebook was produced as a tool for consultations with developers Design e.g. where to build, front design and material, good examples Energy e.g. regulations for heating and cooling, energy saving construction, use of daylight Mobility shows e.g. how to reduce the quantity of required parking spaces examples of MM measures examples and design for (automatic) multi storey parking use rare space more efficient Mobilitätshandbuch

11 ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21 Successful integration of mobility management into site development: PHOENIX-West Dortmund, Germany 11 High quality development not enough space: in most cases, not all requested parking spaces can be built as ground level parking Classical solutions build all required parking spaces and pay for the maintenance: some ground-level parking spaces + underground or multi-storey car park expensive solution pay off to the city of Dortmund a certain amount of parking spaces (build the rest) expensive solution New solution reduce the requested number of on-site parking spaces using Mobility Management implement MM to change travel behaviour & reduce the need for parking build less parking spaces and save money PHOENIX-West: planning for sustainable mobility

12 ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21 Successful integration of mobility management into site development: PHOENIX-West Dortmund, Germany 12 Use of the planning simulation within research projects: To get all stakeholders involved in the discussion: different administrative departments, developers, architects, business manager, PT-company, legal experts To gain insight in their different views To look at acceptance of the offered solution (using MM to reduce parking spaces) To offer a practical solution to implement MM (ILS introduced a prototype company travel plan) To foster the implementation process for PHOENIX-West by discussing legal procedure within the building permission process Planning simulation – gaining an insight into practitioners views

13 ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21 Successful integration of mobility management into site development: PHOENIX-West Dortmund, Germany Key of success: Dortmund has a strong intention to develop PHOENIX-West sustainable and with high quality 2. City asks the developers to contribute to this high quality and communicates the profits of regulations and guidelines 3. In this early phase of implementation of MM consultancy and information about the procedure and the advantages are needed The transport planning department of Dortmund will offer advice how to produce a travel plan, but has only limited capacities in the long run, external consultants are needed It is expected that for most companies the production of a travel plan and the implementation and monitoring of the MM measures will be cheaper than building and maintaining all required parking spaces Planning simulation – results and keys of success (1)

14 ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21 Successful integration of mobility management into site development: PHOENIX-West Dortmund, Germany Mobility Management must be offered as a voluntary option (to the developers), because: MM is still a new instrument in Germany, There is no legal obligation for companies to produce a travel plan There is a strong competition for new developments and enterprises between the cities 5. MM creates a win-win situation for the city and the companies: To give the opportunity to minimise the required numbers of parking spaces and thus to save money To achieve a high urban quality and a high environmental quality for PHOENIX-West Highly motivated people are needed to communicate these advantages to most of the stakeholders Planning simulation – results and keys of success (2)

15 ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21 Successful integration of mobility management into site development: PHOENIX-West Dortmund, Germany Difficulties to implement MM for speculative developments (unknown user) 2. Is Mobility Management a potential barrier for re-selling the buildings? 3. The local public transport company in Dortmund doesnt see itself as inter-modal mobility provider e.g. cycling is seen as competing mode, not as a complementing mode to public transport low quality service for bicycles at PT stations Planning simulation – barriers of success

16 ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21 Successful integration of mobility management into site development: PHOENIX-West Dortmund, Germany 16 Conclusions: Where there is a will there is a way Is the integration of Mobility Management into site development at PHOENIX-West successful? Integration of MM into urban planning is not supported by most of the existing planning laws But integration is possible if the city is planning for good preconditions and is willing to use the existing potentials The most important factor is the will to change the mobility behaviour from the very beginning of the building process. That will prevent future mobility problems Parts of the concept are already used - legal details still need to be solved within the city's administration to use a travel plan for implementing MM

17 ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21 Successful integration of mobility management into site development: PHOENIX-West Dortmund, Germany 17 Thank you for your attention


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