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Gender equality A new topic in mobility? ECOMM 2008 – 5th of June 2008 by Annemie Van Uytven (Mobiel 21, BE)

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Presentation on theme: "Gender equality A new topic in mobility? ECOMM 2008 – 5th of June 2008 by Annemie Van Uytven (Mobiel 21, BE)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Gender equality A new topic in mobility? ECOMM 2008 – 5th of June 2008 by Annemie Van Uytven (Mobiel 21, BE)

2 Overview presentation -Gender equality: why a topic in mobility? -Mobile Leuven Women -Description -Goals -Methodology -Results -Recommendations -CIVITAS MOBILIS: gender issues -Workplan -Selected gender measure by the cities

3 Gender equality: why a topic in mobility? -Promoting and implementing sustainable mobility social dimension often left behind -Gender: a critical dimension of the diversity of travel needs and experiences -Research (in UK, Ireland and Sweden) differences in the way women and men travel (travel patterns and transport use)

4 Gender equality: why a topic in mobility? -Incorporating gender inclusive mobility -European Commission: 6th Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development gender mainstreaming

5 Mobile Leuven Women: description DESCRIPTION -qualitative research project in the city of Leuven in 2007 (Belgium, capital of province Flemish-Brabant, inhabitants) -collaboration between City Department of Equal Opportunities and Mobiel 21 -co-financed by: -Federal Ministry of Equal Opportunities -Department of Equal Opportunities of the city of Leuven -The Flemish government - research on mobility needs of women in the city

6 Mobile Leuven Women: goals GOALS -Realising a research project highlighting the social dimension of mobility -Investigate whether mobility needs differ between men and women in the city -Formulate policy recommendations for local and regional authorities

7 Mobile Leuven Women: methodology METHODOLOGY -literature study -in-depth interviews with 14 stakeholders in the city of Leuven -4 focus groups of different categories of women -underprivileged women, -women with young children (age -12), -professionally active without or with older children, -senior women citizens (age 65+)

8 Mobile Leuven Women: results (1) RESULTS: literature (Belgian situation) -General: differences between men and women in mobility behaviour -Travel modes: -women car passenger, on foot -men car driver, bike -Travel distance: men larger compared to women -Travel time: men more compared to women -Travel motives: -men in public domain (work, leisure time) -women in private domain (children and family)

9 Mobile Leuven Women: results (2) RESULTS: in-depth interviews -Main question: support for working on gender and mobility? -Interviews with local organisations working on the themes of -mobility, -women, -underpriviledged people or -senior citizens -Find out about ideas, problems, best practices about gender and mobility

10 Mobile Leuven Women: results (3) RESULTS: in-depth interviews -For most organisations visited: fairly new topic -Only for target group underpriviledged women some initiatives were taken

11 Mobile Leuven Women: results (4) Results: focus groups -Findings from literature and interviews are basis for discussion -Organisation of 4 focus groups: 1.Underpriviliged women 2.Female senior citizens (aged over 65) 3.Mothers with young children (-12 years) 4.Women without children or with older children (+12) -Total: 33 participants

12 Mobile Leuven Women: results (5) Focus group discussions on: -Travel motives; -Travel modes; -Travel time; -Difficulties while travelling; -Organisation of travel; -Sollutions for mobility problems encountered.

13 Mobile Leuven Women: results (6) Results for every target group 1.Underprivileged women: -Primiraly walk or take the bus -Often dont have driving licence or private car -Struggling to combine work and children -Cycling not very popular, certainly not amongst migrant women

14 Mobile Leuven Women: results (7) 2.Mothers with young children -Very car minded - easier to combine tasks (child care, full time employment, daily shopping) -Work close to home and/or have a part time job -Not easy to convince to cycle more because of multiple tasks (children, carrying heavy groceries, time management)

15 Mobile Leuven Women: results (8) 3.Professionally active women without children or with older children -Primiraly cycle in the city, using cycling bags for groceries -Commuters mainly use PT (bus and train)

16 Mobile Leuven Women: results (9) 4.Female senior citizens (65+) -Primiraly use the bus (free senior pass for all people aged 65 or older) -Few cycle (reduced fysical ability + busyness and speed of traffic) -Few use the car (busyness and speed of traffic + childrens advise to stop driving a car)

17 Mobile Leuven Women: results (10) General results -Differences between men and women in travel modes, time, distance and motives -Gender differences are based on traditional roles and tasks -Trip chaining is typically a female activity, especially for women with younger children

18 Mobile Leuven Women: policy recommendations Policy recommendations -Install shopping bag lockers; -Install public toilets (clean!); -Install pram renting system; -Install benches in the city centre; -More storage room for bike trailers and carrier cycles;

19 Mobile Leuven Women: policy recommendations Policy recommendations -Accessibility of prams on buses and corteousness on the bus; -More information regarding car sharing services; -Lack of communication towards women as a target group for local mobility issues! - involvement of womens organisations and schools in communication - spread info via shops, day-care centres, doctors practices, etc.

20 CIVITAS MOBILIS: gender issues CIVITAS MOBILIS ( ) -partners cities: Toulouse (France), Debrecen (Hungary), Ljubljana (Slovenia), Venice (Italy), and Odense (Denmark) -striving to create a culture for clean urban mobility in the framework of sustainable development, ensuring involvement of all relevant stakeholders and participation of citizens. -specific coordination on 5 policy themes across all sites and measures social inclusion and equity in mobility

21 CIVITAS MOBILIS: workplan gender issues Workplan gender issues -Task 1: Identification partners gender focus group -Task 2: Gender screening of all Mobilis-measures -Task 3: Selection of gender measures by every city -Task 4: Implementation gender measures in cities -Task 5: Compilation of results and recommendations

22 CIVITAS MOBILIS: selected gender measures (1) Selection of gender measures by the cities City of TOULOUSE: integration of gender dimension into evaluation activities in 3 measures 1.Innovative multimodal PT contracts, services and electronic ticketing 2.Awareness raising campaign for changing mobility behaviour 3.Promotion of bicycle use and integration with PT services

23 CIVITAS MOBILIS: selected gender measures (2) Selection of gender measures by the cities -City of Debrecen : survey on citizens satisfaction regarding new cycling racks (specific gender focus) -City of Ljubljana: gender analysis on PT use

24 CIVITAS MOBILIS: selected gender measures (3) Selection of gender measures by the cities City of Venice: new car sharing service survey on users behaviour and needs (specific gender focus) -City of Odense: interactive traffic training for children (differences in traffic behaviour between boys and girls)

25 CIVITAS MOBILIS: results Results -Results and recommandations will be ready by September 2008

26 Gender equality: a new topic in mobility? More information Annemie Van Uytven Mobiel 21 Vital Decosterstraat 67A 3000 Leuven (Belgium)


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