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European State-of-the-Art in Mobility Management Review and Conclusions 15 Years of Mobility Management Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund.

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Presentation on theme: "European State-of-the-Art in Mobility Management Review and Conclusions 15 Years of Mobility Management Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund."— Presentation transcript:

1 European State-of-the-Art in Mobility Management Review and Conclusions 15 Years of Mobility Management Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund

2 European State-of-the Art Mobility Management 9.00 – 9.05 Welcome 9.05 – 9.45 Summary Results 9.45 – Discussion – Coffee Break – Discussion – Action Programme – Discussion Action Programme Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund

3 OUTLINE Why this review was needed State-of-the Art Papers: the invitation Country highlights More general results Conclusions Action Agenda Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund

4 NEED TO REVIEW MM MM is back on the agenda Climate change Sustainability (oil shortage) Urban Accessibility, Liveability, Environment (ecological, social, economical) Health To renew ECOMM Gent overview: 10 years of MM (Jones, Zullaert) EU Green Papers: Keep Europe Moving and on Urban Transport EPOMM Ambitions Put MM on the EU research agenda To influence the Green and White Paper (Action Agenda) To stimulate the transport policy on the national and regional level To achieve an ECOMM/EPOMM upgrade: innovation, fundamental research, effects Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund


6 INVITATION: SUBJECTS TO REPORT Governance Framework MM Knowledge Infrastructure Important MM Themes Most Striking Best Practises How is MM information's exchanged 15 à 25 MM Experts / policymakers List of most relevant Products Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund

7 INVITED AUTHORS France (EPOMM-member): Maxime Jean Netherlands (EPOMM member): Henk Pauwels, Friso Metz, Robert Boot, Hans Kramer Spain (EPOMM member): Miguel Mateos Sweden (EPOMM member): Christer Ljungberg (Bert Svensson) UK (EPOMM member): Tom Rye, Paul Henderson Austria: Karl-Heinz Posch Belgium (Flanders): Elke Bossaert Denmark: Jakob Hoy Germany: Herbert Kemming Italy: Carlo Iacovini (no paper received) Portugal: Robert Stussi (no paper received, but some information) Switzerland: Roberto De Tommasi To do: other EU countries Many Thanks to the Authors

8 MM: A BRIEF VIEW BACK NL: start with vervoermanagement as import from the USA in late 80ies Germany: Mobility centres: Mobilitätsmanagement EU-programmes Momentum and Mosaic brought together many pioneers from UK, NL, A, B, CH, I, defined MM for the first time and led to the first ECOMM in 1997 MM policy schemes – UK, NL, S around 2000 Many local initiatives in MM: A, B, I, CH, F, D, DK 2007: isolated initiatives in N, FI, IE,S, P, Eastern Europe Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund

9 POLICY LEVEL Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund

10 POLICY LEVEL Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund MM in general is poorly reflected in transport policy MM is part of Sustainable Mobility, Sustainable Travel, Sustain Urban / Local travel Plans MM is in many countries not an explicit policy theme at national level and often also not at regional level MM is always a policy theme at local level, sometimes regional level. MM is a bottom up approach in D, B, E, CH, A, DK, (P, I) (and Eastern Europe?) MM is top down and bottom up approach in NL, F, UK, S

11 POLICY LEVEL MM Policy Conclusion: Institutionalised and wide spread: UK, NL, S Partly institutionalised, not so wide spread: F, I Not institutionalised but fairly wide spread: D, A, CH Mixed: DK, Flanders Pioneer phase: ES, P Knowledge about other countries is feeble Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund

12 POLICY THEMES Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund

13 POLICY THEMES MM policies are Everywhere embedded in sustainable Transport/Mobility policies MM rarely part of integrated transport policy. MM itself is also rarely integrated policy! MM is more executed from environmental than accessibility reasons MM and PT have relations, but normally not policy linked Often related to climate change, energy efficiency, health Rarely related to financial/fiscal policy, spatial planning It is rarely known whether MM measures are part of co-operation agreements with 3rd parties Awareness raising about MM is (still) being tried everywhere MM is seen as a content measures, not as a process Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund

14 CO-OPERATION Co-operation is needed between authority levels and between public and private partners Co-operation between authority levels is accepted, but no common sense and therefore still little effect Co-operation between public and private partner is rare (just some isolated projects) Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund

15 PRINCIPLES Sweden: 4 Step Principle mobility management traffic management reconstruction existing infrastructure new investments The Netherlands 7 Step Principle: Spatial and Urban Planning Paying and parking Mobility Management Public Transport Traffic Management Adoption existing (Highway) Infrastructure New (highway) infrastructure Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund

16 HIGHLIGHTS: UK Britain is probably the most advanced and has developed a robust and consistent national MM policy MM is most widely known as soft transport policy measures – not as mobility management National road agencies are concerned about trip generations and therefore support travel plans Very high activity in travel plans for schools and workplaces – supported by one-off grants up to Euros. Aim: travel plan at every school by 2010 (London: 2009) National Health Service issues guidance on travel plans for hospitals Three sustainable travel demonstration towns (1 Million Euro funding for 7 years) Two networks: TravelWise – 160 local authorities and ACT, Association for Commuter Transport – employers and local government Good attempts for a national evaluation of the impact of MM

17 HIGHLIGHTS: NETHERLANDS The Netherlands are also quite advanced with national, regional and local policy support Sustainable transport has always been a high priority in the Netherlands – planning standards are very developed into this direction, public transport is a very integrated system NL was one of the pioneers in work place travel plans, copying much from TDM in the US – it is in many municipalities integral and obligatory part of location planning There is a national knowledge network, run by the tranport ministry, as well as a private mobility management network MM in the public private approach: corporate responsibility and enforcement through committal agreements

18 Many regional an local initiatives and offices such as Rotterdam Region VCC, Province Gelderland VCC Oost, Business Park Gouda, Hospitals Gelre Arnhem Greenwheels as successful carsharing company Road Maintenance Amsterdam Groningen City Centre: integrated MM Package Utrecht: Parking in Residential Areas HIGHLIGHTS: NETHERLANDS

19 Austria has many pioneer activities: Mobility centre, carsharing, mobility consultancy courses – but no national policy on MM Through FGM-AMOR, Austria has a high participation rate in EU-projects on MM (e.g. MOMENTUM, MOST and MAX) Currently, the Ministry of Environment is the main driver on a national level through the klima:aktiv programme Klima:aktiv mobil is top down MM tendered out in subprogrammes: MM for municipalities, administrations, schools, companies, in land use and sets quantitative targets in CO2 reduction There is no national MM network or knowledge centre National carsharing fairly successful (over 10,000 participants) MM is not yet a national policy, but the new government wrote in its programme the need for a national MM strategy – possibly to be tested at the European Football Championships 2008 Unique successful example: Autofasten – car fasting, developed by the Diocese Graz HIGHLIGHTS: AUSTRIA

20 HIGHLIGHTS: GERMANY Titled a broadening bottom-up approach Fragmented policy – no MM policy on federal level Integrated fares in public transport common This is the country of Mobility Centres, there are over 60: Intermodal information service common Fragmented but largest CarSharing scene in Europe (over members in 260 cities) Large CarPooling initiatives (Pendlernetz, MiFaz) – easy to get rides between cities MM incorporated into Spatial Planning: Dortmund, Aachen, Rhine-Main region Tourism: new field, many promising examples

21 HIGHLIGHTS: FLANDERS, BELGIUM Scattered competences – state, language regions, but Flemish region active, but no structural MM approach Federal level: mandatory 30kph school zones Special situation in PT: one operator in all Flanders, cities deprived of direct control Flanders pays 20% of PT ticket if employer pays 80% Flanders has set up commuter plan: share of home-work travel to decrease from 70 to 60% until 2010 Mobility policy contains Mobility Covenants – Municipalities can negotiate regional plans MM for events usual (Rock Werchter Pop Festival) Cycle: Promotion Limburg, Brussels hiring system Car Sharing: Cambio Awareness Campaigns (e.g. Car Free City)

22 HIGHLIGHTS: DENMARK 1990s, beginning 2000s: rather active national MM policy, supporting many local pilot projects, having the national cycle city Today less support, more for ITS – e.g. imminent introduction of national smart TRAVEL CARD for all public transport in DK Copenhagen is the city of cyclist, with green waves for cycles, city bike system, cycling is integral part of traffic planning CarSharing is on the rise, about 4000 users, 190 cars Odense was the national cycle city, and increased cycling by 20% mainly through campaigning and improving cycling infrastructure. It also has carpooling, in planning gives priority to walking and cycling, does PT promotion Successful national campaign: bike to work ( participants) Sustainable mobility Øresund region (DK en S)

23 HIGHLIGHTS: FRANCE MM institutionalised through obligatory sustainable transport plans (PDU – plans de deplacements urbaines) for cities over 100,000 inhabitants I contains the obligation to provide facilities and support for companies to set up work place travel plans Strong fragmentation of competences: national, regional, departemental, metropolitan areas, municipal led to low realisation of MM projects National transport voucher legislation There was a national conference on MM in 2005 in Grenoble, with 500 attendees National information and databases are in development and will be accessible through a new internet site

24 HIGHLIGHTS: SPAIN Until recently, MM had no room on the national agenda Through EU-project participation, there were many pilot projects in Spain on the local (municipal) level Recently, there has been a shift in the participation, which is still in the beginning stages This is reflected in EPOMM membership, initiation of a network of networks of sustainable cities, several courses, conferences and seminars on MM, and a high participation in the European Mobility Week (226 in 2005) San Sebastian: integrated transport and urban planning reviving cycling Fare system Integration in Andalusia BUS-HOV-lane in Madrid Car sharing (850 users) and MM in industrial areas in Catalonia

25 HIGHLIGHTS: SWEDEN Strong support from the National Road Administration: sustainable travel programme, usage of the 4 step principle, obligatory use of SUMO evaluation for financed MM projects Best evaluation system in Europe: SUMO and SARA Interesting short definition of MM: MM is soft measures to influence travel before it starts Lund: integrated MM package LundaMaTs Stockholm: congestion charging Gothenburg: Mobility Centre Lundby Malmö: Redevelop Western Harbours, MM successful Main activity on local level, MM established in 50 cities

26 HIGHLIGHTS: SWITZERLAND No direct national policy, but many supporting legislation and initiatives Labelling programme for energy efficient cities including mobility and MM Veloland Schweiz to support national cycling marketing and a national cycling network The largest, most profitable and probably best CarSharing system in the world: Mobility Carsharing Switzerland (over 50,000 participants) Canton Aargovia: Aargaumobil, integrated MM policy Zurich: integrated total transport policy, (PT and MM) Fahrtenmodell in Zürich and Bern: companies have to show how many trips they generate and how they limit their impact MM for events well established Knowledge network well established by several NGOs

27 MM THEMES Parking and P&R is used all over Europe (often not seen as MM) Company Travel Plans, Travel Plans for large traffic generators are very popular Schools, Housing, Hospitals Accessibility and Safety often seen as MM Cycling, CarPooling are the most applied instruments or measure Mobility Centres are popular in some countries, mobility service providers are rarely seen Car Free Zones rarely seen CarSharing (in UK called Car Clubs, in NL Autodate) is spreading and in some countries highly developed Multimodality is only common in some countries, multi travel cards are popular as part of PT policy PT and MM are most often not cooperating, but separate policy fields Leisure,Tourism are emerging Marketing en Awareness are popular Congestion charge is under discussion and emerging, it is not clear whether this is Mobility Management Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund

28 MM Knowledge Infrastructure / National Portal sites In general: there are no infrastructure in most of the countries (except NL, UK, S) Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund

29 RELEVANT PRODUCTS EPOMM WebSite contains Access to all EU research and demonstration projects, such as Mosaic, Momentum, Moses, Most, Optimum, Tapestry, Moses, Move, PIMMS, Bypad, Max, Astute Best practise cases Easy Access to the main research reports and final reports Access to (almost) all ECOMM presentations! Acces to these state of the art reports There are also large portal sites containing MM materials: CIVITAS, ELTIS, PORTAL/COMPETENCE Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund

30 OLD MM DEFINITIONS Mosaic, Momentum ECOMM 2002 ECOMMM 2002 Update Conclusions Too long – fits scientific needs To many aspects Not communicable No challenge Does not appeal Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund

31 NEW DEFINITION Scientific Definition can be left to MAX research project New definition is needed that incorporates Soft measures Influencing Travel (mode, use) Sustainability Smartness Organisation New Definition: MM is the organisation of Smart and Sustainable travel ……….. ………….. Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund

32 THE END Thanks for your attention We look forward to your remarks We hope for a fruitful discussion We use all this for the Follow Up Hans Kramer and Karl-Heinz Posch, ECOMM2007, Lund

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