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Presentation on theme: "ELECTROMAGNETIC EARTH ENVIRONMENT"— Presentation transcript:

Electromagnetic emissions observed in the nearest Earth environment are a superposition of natural emissions and various types of man-made noise. Also, as a consequence of catastrophic events on the Earth's surface such as thunderstorm activity, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions, electromagnetic signals are observed on board low orbiting satellites. Therefore, a more accurate physical description of such a complex and dynamic system calls for a coordinated long-term, multi-point and multi-scale monitoring of the space environment. The magnetised solar-terrestrial space plasma is a highly non-linear medium exhibiting many different types of turbulence and instabilities. A study of mass, energy, and momentum transport in the solar terrestrial plasma is directly related to the study of space plasma turbulence. A wide range of in situ diagnostics and new generation multi-point and multi-type sensor diagnostics, such as the LOFAR and LOIS systems, can be excellent tools for monitoring this complex system. In the presentation, I will give an overview of physical problems related to the diagnostic of plasma turbulence in near Earth environment and will point out the scientific challenges of the described new advanced combined techniques for in situ and netted ground based diagnostics. Hanna Rothkaehl Space Research Center Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland COSTMP Warszawa

2 Natural emissions and man-made noises
magnetosphere jonosphere Natural emissions and man-made noises

3 Wave in situ diagnostics
ULF and LF ion plasma diagnostics, E B field fluctuations. VLF low density plasma diagnostics HF electron plasma diagnostics, Solar radio burst. Wave in situ diagnostics Local plasma frequency =local electron density tens kHz up to few MHz Local gyro-frequency proportional to the intensity of magnetic field tens kHz up to MHz The ionosphere represents less than 0.1% of the total mass of the Earth's atmosphere. Even so, it is extremely important!

4 past experiment -RF diagnostics
Experience past experiment -RF diagnostics

5 8 instruments in 6 missions
PLASMA PHYSICS EXPERIMENTS ROCKET EXPERIMENTS VERTICAL-Gruzya 60-S Radiospectrometer PRS-1 Radiospectrometer ISKRA VERTICAL Frequency Spectrum Analyzer ASIN VOLNA-1 MR Low Frequency Spectrum Analyzer Langmuir Probe PLASMA-1 MR Radiospectrometer PRS-2E PLASMA-2 MR Radiospectrometer PRS-2RP June NASA Terier-Black AC-Electric Field Spectrometer 8 instruments in 6 missions Piotr Orleański, SRC PAS

6 Piotr Orleański, SRC PAS
PLASMA PHYSICS EXPERIMENTS SATELLITE EXPERIMENTS, 28 instruments; 21 missions already completed, INTERCOSMOS Radiospectrometer IRS-1 PROGNOZ Spectrum Analyzer BUD-A VEGA Spectrum Analyzer APV-N VEGA Spectrum Analyzer APV-N COSMOS Radiospectrometr AVCz-2F, Antenna Impedance Meter PHOBOS Spectrum Analyzer APV-F1 PHOBOS Spectrum Analyzer APV-F2 INTERCOSMOS-24 (ACTIVE.) Radiospectrometer PRS-2, Antenna Impedance Meter, Spectrum Analyzer INTERCOSMOS-24 (SUBS.) Radiospectrometer PRS-2S INTERCOSMOS-25 (APEX) Radiospectrometer PRS-3, Antenna Impedance Meter Radiospectrometer ISKRA , Electrostatic Energy Analyzer INTERCOSMOS-25 (SUBS.) Radiospectrometer PRS-3S CORONAS-I Radiospectrometer SORS INTERBALL Plasma Wave Analyzer ADS INTERBALL-1 (SUBS.) Plasma Wave Analyzer SAS-1 MARS DCDC, Low Frequency Analyzer and EGSE for ELISMA PWC INTERBALL Radio-spectro Polarimeter POLRAD INTERBALL-2 (SUBS.) Plasma Wave Analyzer SA-2 COMPASS Radiospectrometer RFA-2 DEMETER DCDC for Plasma Wave Complex COMPASS Radiospectrometer RF Piotr Orleański, SRC PAS

7 Turbulence diagnostics
Magnetopause Bow shock magnetosheat

8 Magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling, interation of HF waves and energetic electrons
Electromagnetic pollution at top-side ionosphere, H. Rothkaehl et al. 2003,2005 Broad band emissions inside the ionospheric trough H. Rothkaehl et al ,Grigoryan 2003, Rotkhkaehl et al Whistler- gamma rays interaction related to the Earthquake, Rothkaehl et al Kudela, Bucik 2005. Emissions triggered by lightning, Bucik 2005

9 Ionospheric trough region
Filamentary structures Double trough structure Alfven waves, EMIC, LHR, UHR Frozen emissions,turbulent regions Proposed mechanism ion-acoustic wave on the magnetic equator , energetization of electron at low altitude broad band HF emissions

10 ISS Obstanovka Responsible Institute
Combined wave sensor - CWS-1, CWS-2 LC ISR, Ukraine Flux gate magnetometer - DFM-1 ISR RAS , Russia Flux gate magnetometer - DFM-2 Langmuir probe - LP-1, LP-2 STIL, Bulgaria Spacecraft potential monitor - DP-1, DP-2 ISR BAS, Bulgaria Correlating Electron Spectrograph (10eV - 10KeV) CORES Sussex University, Great Britain Radio Frequency Analyzer - RFA SRCPoland SISP Sweden, Signal Analyzer and Sampler - SAS3 Eotvos University, Hungary Data Acquisition and Control Unit - DACU KFKI RMKI, Hungary, Sheffield University, Great Britain Block of Storage of Telemetry Information - BSTM (inside ISS) Ground support equipment - GSE KFKI RMKI, Hungary, SRC,Poland

11 New technology FPGA-micro blazer
RFA VRX Module RFA CPU Module (component side)

12 VLF 2013 RELEC I interrelation between Cosmic Rays, Magnetosphere particles and the Earth Atmospheric

13 RELEC 2013 Interrelation between Cosmic Rays, Magnetosphere particles and the Earth Atmospheric
DRG-1 & DRG-2 - two identical detectors of X-, gamma-rays and high-energy electrons of high temporal resolution and sensitivity DRG-3 - three axe directed detectors of energtic electrons and protons MTEL - optical imager DUV - UV detector BChK - module of charge and neutral particle detectors NChA - low-frequency analyser RChA - radio-frequency analyser DOSTEL - dosimeter module BSKU - module of commands and data collection Electrons 0.2 – 10 MeV > 10 MeV > 0.3 MeV Protons 0.3 – 60 MeV > 50 MeV 3 – 150 MeV >150 MeV Gamma 0.05 – 1.0 MeV Neutron 0.1 – 30 MeV X-rays 10 – 100 keV UV nm

14 Стратегия измерений проекта РЕЗОНАНС
REZONANS Стратегия измерений проекта РЕЗОНАНС РЕЗОНАНС 2А и 2В РЕЗОНАНС 1А и 1В STUDY OF HF ELECTROMAGNETIC PHENOMENA IN THE INNER MAGNETOSPHERE Auroral kilometric radio emission: behaviours of the source, characteristics of emission, outlet of emission from a source


16 ESA LUNAR NEXT Advantages:
- long-term diagnostics: full coverage of the solar cycle; lunar atmosphere, magnetosphere, solar wind, solar radio burst - Space weather applications - new possible observations of radio emissions in solar system -cosmology aspect, dark ages of the Universe - Chances for European leadership in space radio- science


18 JONOSOND 4 space crafts km 2013

19 (LOw Frequency ARray for radio astronomy)
To the HI tail Uniwersytet im. Mikołaja Kopernika, Toruń Centrum Badań Kosmicznych PAN, Warszawa Uniwersytet Szczeciński, Szczecin Uniwersytet Zielonogórski, Zielona Góra Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski, Olsztyn Uniwersytet Przyrodzniczy, Wrocław Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Kraków POLFAR LOFAR (LOw Frequency ARray for radio astronomy)


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