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ELECTROMAGNETIC EARTH ENVIRONMENT Hanna Rothkaehl Space Research Center Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland COSTMP1104 Warszawa 7.05.2010.

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Presentation on theme: "ELECTROMAGNETIC EARTH ENVIRONMENT Hanna Rothkaehl Space Research Center Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland COSTMP1104 Warszawa 7.05.2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 ELECTROMAGNETIC EARTH ENVIRONMENT Hanna Rothkaehl Space Research Center Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland COSTMP1104 Warszawa

2 jonospheremagnetosphere Natural emissions and man-made noises

3 Wave in situ diagnostics ULF and LF ion plasma diagnostics, E B field fluctuations. VLF low density plasma diagnostics HF electron plasma diagnostics, Solar radio burst. Local plasma frequency =local electron density tens kHz up to few MHz Local gyro-frequency proportional to the intensity of magnetic field tens kHz up to MHz The ionosphere represents less than 0.1% of the total mass of the Earth's atmosphere. Even so, it is extremely important!

4 past experiment -RF diagnostics Experience

5 Piotr Orleański, SRC PAS5 PLASMA PHYSICS EXPERIMENTS ROCKET EXPERIMENTS VERTICAL-Gruzya 60-S Radiospectrometer PRS-1 Radiospectrometer ISKRA VERTICAL-10 Frequency Spectrum Analyzer ASIN VOLNA-1 MR-12 Low Frequency Spectrum Analyzer Langmuir Probe PLASMA-1 MR-12 Radiospectrometer PRS-2E PLASMA-2 MR-12 Radiospectrometer PRS-2RP June 1992 NASA Terier-Black AC-Electric Field Spectrometer 8 instruments in 6 missions

6 Piotr Orleański, SRC PAS6 PLASMA PHYSICS EXPERIMENTS SATELLITE EXPERIMENTS, 28 instruments; 21 missions already completed, INTERCOSMOS-19 Radiospectrometer IRS PROGNOZ-8 Spectrum Analyzer BUD-A VEGA-1 Spectrum Analyzer APV-N VEGA-2 Spectrum Analyzer APV-N COSMOS 1809 Radiospectrometr AVCz-2F, Antenna Impedance Meter PHOBOS-1 Spectrum Analyzer APV-F PHOBOS-2 Spectrum Analyzer APV-F INTERCOSMOS-24 (ACTIVE.) Radiospectrometer PRS-2, Antenna Impedance Meter, Spectrum Analyzer INTERCOSMOS-24 (SUBS.) Radiospectrometer PRS-2S INTERCOSMOS-25 (APEX) Radiospectrometer PRS-3, Antenna Impedance Meter Radiospectrometer ISKRA, Electrostatic Energy Analyzer INTERCOSMOS-25 (SUBS.) Radiospectrometer PRS-3S CORONAS-I Radiospectrometer SORS INTERBALL-1 Plasma Wave Analyzer ADS INTERBALL-1 (SUBS.) Plasma Wave Analyzer SAS MARS 96 DCDC, Low Frequency Analyzer and EGSE for ELISMA PWC INTERBALL-2 Radio-spectro Polarimeter POLRAD INTERBALL-2 (SUBS.) Plasma Wave Analyzer SA COMPASS Radiospectrometer RFA DEMETER DCDC for Plasma Wave Complex COMPASS-2 Radiospectrometer RF

7 Turbulence diagnostics magnetosheat Bow shock Magnetopause

8 1.Electromagnetic pollution at top- side ionosphere, H. Rothkaehl et al. 2003, Broad band emissions inside the ionospheric trough H. Rothkaehl et al.1997,Grigoryan 2003, Rotkhkaehl et al Whistler- gamma rays interaction related to the Earthquake, Rothkaehl et al Kudela, Bucik E missions triggered by lightning, Bucik 2005 Magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling, interation of HF waves and energetic electrons

9 Alfven waves, EMIC, LHR, UHR Frozen emissions,turbulent regions Filamentary structures Double trough structure Proposed mechanism ion-acoustic wave on the magnetic equator, energetization of electron at low altitude broad band HF emissions Ionospheric trough region

10 Responsible Institute Combined wave sensor - CWS-1, CWS-2 LC ISR, Ukraine Flux gate magnetometer - DFM-1 ISR RAS, Russia Flux gate magnetometer - DFM-2 LC ISR, Ukraine Langmuir probe - LP-1, LP-2 STIL, Bulgaria Spacecraft potential monitor - DP-1, DP-2 ISR BAS, Bulgaria Correlating Electron Spectrograph (10eV - 10KeV) CORES Sussex University, Great Britain Radio Frequency Analyzer - RFA SRCPoland SISP Sweden, Signal Analyzer and Sampler - SAS3 Eotvos University, Hungary Data Acquisition and Control Unit - DACU KFKI RMKI, Hungary, Sheffield University, Great Britain Block of Storage of Telemetry Information - BSTM (inside ISS) KFKI RMKI, Hungary, Sheffield University, Great Britain Ground support equipment - GSE KFKI RMKI, Hungary, SRC,Poland ISS Obstanovka

11 New technology FPGA-micro blazer RFA VRX Module RFA CPU Module (component side)

12 VLF 2013 RELEC RELEC I interrelation between Cosmic Rays, Magnetosphere particles and the Earth Atmospheric

13 RELEC 2013 Interrelation between Cosmic Rays, Magnetosphere particles and the Earth Atmospheric Electrons0.2 – 10 MeV > 10 MeV > 0.3 MeV Protons0.3 – 60 MeV > 50 MeV 3 – 150 MeV >150 MeV Gamma0.05 – 1.0 MeV Neutron0.1 – 30 MeV X-rays10 – 100 keV UV nm DRG-1 & DRG-2 - two identical detectors of X-, gamma-rays and high-energy electrons of high temporal resolution and sensitivity DRG-3 - three axe directed detectors of energtic electrons and protons MTEL - optical imager DUV - UV detector BChK - module of charge and neutral particle detectors NChA - low-frequency analyser RChA - radio-frequency analyser DOSTEL - dosimeter module BSKU - module of commands and data collection

14 REZONANS STUDY OF HF ELECTROMAGNETIC PHENOMENA IN THE INNER MAGNETOSPHERE Auroral kilometric radio emission: behaviours of the source, characteristics of emission, outlet of emission from a source Стратегия измерений проекта РЕЗОНАНС РЕЗОНАНС 2А и 2В РЕЗОНАНС 1А и 1В


16 Advantages: - long-term diagnostics: full coverage of the solar cycle; lunar atmosphere, magnetosphere, solar wind, solar radio burst - Space weather applications - new possible observations of radio emissions in solar system -cosmology aspect, dark ages of the Universe - Chances for European leadership in space radio- science ESA LUNAR NEXT


18 4 space crafts km 2013

19 Uniwersytet im. Mikołaja Kopernika, Toruń Centrum Badań Kosmicznych PAN, Warszawa Uniwersytet Szczeciński, Szczecin Uniwersytet Zielonogórski, Zielona Góra Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski, Olsztyn Uniwersytet Przyrodzniczy, Wrocław Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Kraków POLFAR To the HI tail LOFAR (LOw Frequency ARray for radio astronomy )

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