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Presentation Tricks Ecosystem Services 1 Naomi Radke, seecon international gmbh.

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Presentation on theme: "Presentation Tricks Ecosystem Services 1 Naomi Radke, seecon international gmbh."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presentation Tricks Ecosystem Services 1 Naomi Radke, seecon international gmbh

2 Presentation Tricks Find this presentation and more on: www.sswm.info.www.sswm.info Copy it, adapt it, use it – but acknowledge the source! Copyright Included in the SSWM Toolbox are materials from various organisations and sources. Those materials are open source. Following the open- source concept for capacity building and non-profit use, copying and adapting is allowed provided proper acknowledgement of the source is made (see below). The publication of these materials in the SSWM Toolbox does not alter any existing copyrights. Material published in the SSWM Toolbox for the first time follows the same open-source concept, with all rights remaining with the original authors or producing organisations. To view an official copy of the the Creative Commons Attribution Works 3.0 Unported License we build upon, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0. This agreement officially states that: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0 You are free to: Share - to copy, distribute and transmit this document Remix - to adapt this document. We would appreciate receiving a copy of any changes that you have made to improve this document. Under the following conditions: Attribution: You must always give the original authors or publishing agencies credit for the document or picture you are using. Disclaimer The contents of the SSWM Toolbox reflect the opinions of the respective authors and not necessarily the official opinion of the funding or supporting partner organisations. Depending on the initial situations and respective local circumstances, there is no guarantee that single measures described in the toolbox will make the local water and sanitation system more sustainable. The main aim of the SSWM Toolbox is to be a reference tool to provide ideas for improving the local water and sanitation situation in a sustainable manner. Results depend largely on the respective situation and the implementation and combination of the measures described. An in-depth analysis of respective advantages and disadvantages and the suitability of the measure is necessary in every single case. We do not assume any responsibility for and make no warranty with respect to the results that may be obtained from the use of the information provided. Copyright & Disclaimer

3 Presentation Tricks Find this presentation and more on: www.sswm.info.www.sswm.info Contents 1.Introduction 2.Ecosystem Services 3.Changes in Ecosystem Services and Human Well-Being 4.Substitutability and Well-Being 5.Drivers of Ecosystem Change 6.Wetland Services Under Stress 7.References 3

4 Presentation Tricks Find this presentation and more on: www.sswm.info.www.sswm.info What are Ecosystems? (1/2) Ecosystem: Dynamic complex and interaction of living organisms (humans, animals, plants, microorganisms,..) and the non- living environment (air, water, mineral soil,...) Interaction of living organisms and the non-living environment through water cycle, nutrient cycle and energy flows 4 1. Introduction Example: interaction between water and plant through water cycle. Source: http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/watercycleevapotranspirat ion.html [Accessed: 29.05.2013] http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/watercycleevapotranspirat ion.html

5 Presentation Tricks Find this presentation and more on: www.sswm.info.www.sswm.info What are Ecosystems? (2/2) 5 1. Introduction Example: The Marine Ecosystem Source: http://www.xbordercurrents.co.uk/wildlife/marine- ecosystem-2/ [Accessed: 29.05.2013] http://www.xbordercurrents.co.uk/wildlife/marine- ecosystem-2/

6 Presentation Tricks Find this presentation and more on: www.sswm.info.www.sswm.info Humans within the Ecosystems (1/2) 6 1. Introduction Depend entirely on a functioning ecosystem e.g. quantity and quality of water Have a major impact on the health of an ecosystem e.g. exploitation of groundwater through excessive irrigation e.g. pollution through inadequate sanitation Humans and the water cycle. Source: http://www.pacificwater.org/pages.cfm/water- services/water-demand-management/water- distribution/the-water-cycle.html [Accessed: 29.05.2013] http://www.pacificwater.org/pages.cfm/water- services/water-demand-management/water- distribution/the-water-cycle.html

7 Presentation Tricks Find this presentation and more on: www.sswm.info.www.sswm.info Humans within the Ecosystems (2/2) 7 1. Introduction Therefore: Sustainable sanitation and water management are crucial for a more sustainable ecosystem management.

8 Presentation Tricks Find this presentation and more on: www.sswm.info.www.sswm.info Types of Ecosystem Services (1/2) Ecosystem Services = benefits people obtain from ecosystems Provisioning services Products from ecosystems: e.g. Food, timber, water Regulating services Benefits from regulation of ecosystem processes: e.g. Water purification, control of climate, diseases, floods Cultural services Spiritual and recreational benefits Supporting services Maintain the three other services: e.g. Water and nutrient cycles, photosynthesis, crop pollination 8 2. Ecosystem Services

9 Presentation Tricks Find this presentation and more on: www.sswm.info.www.sswm.info Types of Ecosystem Services (2/2) Demand for these services have been growing over the last decades. 9 2. Ecosystem Services Negative impact on other services like water regulation Enhancement of production of crops, livestock, aquaculture Unsustainable water withdrawals for irrigation of agricultural land. 15-35% of global irrigation withdrawals are estimated to be unsustainable. Source: MA (2005).

10 Presentation Tricks Find this presentation and more on: www.sswm.info.www.sswm.info Components of Human Well-Being General components are: Security Basic material for a good life Health Good social relations Freedom in choice and action, which is enhanced by the previous components 10 3. Changes in Ecosystems and Human Well-Being

11 Presentation Tricks Find this presentation and more on: www.sswm.info.www.sswm.info Shortages of Ecosystem Services Affect Human Well-Being 11 3. Changes in Ecosystems and Human Well-Being Linkages between ecosystem services and human well-being. Source: MA (2005).

12 Presentation Tricks Find this presentation and more on: www.sswm.info.www.sswm.info Only Partial Substitutability! 12 4. Substitutability and Human Well-Being e.g. Substitutability of natural water purification: Limited amount of clean water from water filters BUT dependence on economic status!

13 Presentation Tricks Find this presentation and more on: www.sswm.info.www.sswm.info Indirect drivers (1/2) 13 5. Drivers of Ecosystem Change Demography: global population doubled in the past 40 years Economy: increase of global economic activity sevenfold between 1950 and 2000 Taxes and subsidies increase resource consumption (e.g. Increase food production increase water consumption) Socio-Politics: a.o. Public participation increase in multilateral environmental agreements

14 Presentation Tricks Find this presentation and more on: www.sswm.info.www.sswm.info Indirect drivers (2/2) 14 5. Drivers of Ecosystem Change Culture and Religion: influence on consumption behaviour and environmental stewardship Science and Technology: e.g. Advances in fishing industry depletion of marine fish stock

15 Presentation Tricks Find this presentation and more on: www.sswm.info.www.sswm.info Direct drivers 15 5. Drivers of Ecosystem Change Habitat change In terrestrial ecosystems especially land-cover change to cropland Overexploitation Overfishing in marine ecosystems Invasive species Pollution Esp. Freshwater ecosystems Climate change

16 Presentation Tricks Find this presentation and more on: www.sswm.info.www.sswm.info Human Reliance on Wetland Services 16 6. Wetland Services Under Stress Population growth more people rely on wetland services Freshwater supply Natural water purification Aquifer recharge

17 Presentation Tricks Find this presentation and more on: www.sswm.info.www.sswm.info Agriculture and Wetland Services 17 6. Wetland Services Under Stress Population growth more people rely on wetland services This can result in: Regional water scarcity due to irrigation Eutrophication of water bodies through excessive fertilization Source: http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/photo s/water-infrastructure/ [Accessed: 30.05.2013] http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/photo s/water-infrastructure/ Source: http://www.odec.ca/projects/2005/chow5a0/public_html/ [Accessed: 30.05.2013] http://www.odec.ca/projects/2005/chow5a0/public_html/

18 Presentation Tricks Find this presentation and more on: www.sswm.info.www.sswm.info MA (2005): Ecosystems and Human Well-Being. Synthesis. Washington: World Resources Institute. URL: http://www.unep.org/maweb/en/Synthesis.aspx [Accessed: 03.04.2013] http://www.unep.org/maweb/en/Synthesis.aspx 18 7. References

19 Presentation Tricks 19 Linking up Sustainable Sanitation, Water Management & Agriculture SSWM is an initiative supported by: Created by:


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