Presentation on theme: "Decentralisation 1 Corinne Waelti, seecon international gmbh."— Presentation transcript:
Decentralisation 1 Corinne Waelti, seecon international gmbh
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Decentralisation Find this presentation and more on: Contents 1. Introduction 2. Implementation 3. Outcomes 4. Case Examples 5. References 3
Decentralisation Find this presentation and more on: What is Decentralisation and Why is It Needed? What? Decentralisation occurs when a central government cedes powers to actors or institutions at lower levels Introduction Why? Increased popular participation Increased accountability and efficiency Needs and preferences of the community can be identified better Improved equity and justice
Decentralisation Find this presentation and more on: Decentralising Water and Sanitation Management 5 2. Implementation Several aspects need to be considered in order to successfully implement a decentralisation process: 1.Central government should work together with local democratic institutions 2.Sufficient and appropriate transfer of power 3.Support equity and justice 4.Establish fair and accessible justification 5.Support local civic education 6.Give it time 7.Monitor and develop 8.Document the process 9.Find places for local meetings 10.Inform the public 11.Avoid corruption Source: RIBOT (2002)
Decentralisation Find this presentation and more on: Possible Problems with Implementing Decentralisation 6 2. Implementation Lacking capacity and resources of the local government Insufficient transfer of power Corruption and elite capture Missing transparency Source: MASOUD (n.y.)
Decentralisation Find this presentation and more on: Benefits of Decentralisation 7 3. Outcomes Equity Greater retention and fairer distribution Efficiency Accounting for costs in decision making Higher accountability Reduced transaction costs Services are matched to needs Mobilisation of local knowledge Improved coordination Providing local communities with resources can contribute to development
Decentralisation Find this presentation and more on: Measuring the Success of Decentralisation 8 3. Outcomes There are several difficulties in measuring if a decentralisation act has been successful: Data before and after decentralisation is needed in order to make comparisons Separating outcomes from other impacts is difficult Outcomes cannot be aggregated: How can the success of decentralisation be evaluated if there are positive as well as negative outcomes?
Decentralisation Find this presentation and more on: Examples for Successful and Unsuccessful Implementation 9 4. Case Examples A success story Successes: -Government is more responsive to the needs of the poor (more spending on social services, education and training) -Fairer allocation of government funding -Higher accountability due to more active involvement of small groups and higher bottom-up pressure possibility Example from South Africa, Source: DE JONG (2009) Example from Bolivia, Source: FAGUET (2003) Lacking responsibilities Problems: -Poor government at local level which cannot manage the increased responsibilities -Lack of human resources Possible Solutions: -Empowering residents with: -Increased access to information -Knowledge of rights (law), economics, finance, etc.
Decentralisation Find this presentation and more on: References DE, I. (2009): Can Decentralisation Improve Rural Water Supply Services? Economic and Political Weekly (EPW). FAGUET, J.P. (2003): Decentralisation and Local Government in Bolivia: An Overview from the Bottom Up. London: Crisis States Programme. URL: sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/decentralisation/bolivia.pdf [Accessed: ]sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/decentralisation/bolivia.pdf JONG, D. de (2009): South Africa: Municipal Failures Put Decentralisation at Risk. Den Haag: International Water and Sanitation Center (IRC). URL: [Accessed: ].http://www.source.irc.nl/page/50704 MASOUD, A. (n.y.): Auditing Poverty – The Cartoons. URL: [Accessed: ].http://www.srds.co.uk/uapp2/kipanya.htm RIBOT, J. (2002): Democratic Decentralisation of Natural Resources. Institutionalising Popular Participation. World Resources Institute (WRI). URL: pdf.wri.org/ddnr_full_revised.pdf [Accessed: ].pdf.wri.org/ddnr_full_revised.pdf
Decentralisation 11 Linking up Sustainable Sanitation, Water Management & Agriculture SSWM is an initiative supported by: Created by: