4 Change does not come easy ‘’Students today depend to paper too much. They don’t know how to write on a slate without getting chalk dust all over themselves. They can’t clean a slate properly. What will they do when they run out of paper?’’ Principal’s publication, 1815.‘’Ballpoint pen will be the ruin of education in our country. Students use these devices and then throw them away. The American values of thrift and frugality are being discarded. Businesses and banks will never allow such expensive luxuries.’’ Federal Teachers, 1950.
5 Technology in US Education: Current State Good NewsAccess to the internet in US schools in nearly universalMost of the states have implemented standards for students’ understanding of computer technology and teacher’s use of technology of instructionAn increasing number of students have access to distance education opportunitiesChallengeResearch on whether technology improves students achievement shows mixed results
6 Administration View Use Technology to Drive Innovation ``The Federal Government should create a mission-driven, advanced research projects agency for education (ARPA-ED) housed either in the Department of Education, in the National Science Foundation, or as a joint entity…... ARPA-ED should propel and support (i) the development of innovative technologies and technology platforms for learning, teaching, and assessment across all subjects and ages, and ... ‘’The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology in report: PREPARE AND INSPIRE: K-12 EDUCATION IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATH (STEM) FOR AMERICA’S FUTURE—Sept. 2010`
7 Primary Funding Sources for Education Innovation in the Federal Government Department of EducationNational Science Foundation
8 Department of Education Created in current form in 1979Establishes policy and administers and coordinates most federal assistance to educationAnnual Budget: $60-70B
9 Department of Education: Examples of Programs Relevant to Technology Enhancing Education Through Technology—technology infrastructure, training, curricula development, development of instructional methods; budget $100MReady to Teach –development and distribution of video educational material, online professional development for teachers; budget $10.7M
10 National Science Foundation Created in 1950Original Goal: To promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity an welfare; to secure the national defenseAnnual Budget: about $7B
11 Origins of NSF“The Government should accept new responsibilities for promoting the flow of scientific knowledge and the development of scientific talent in our youth.”Science, The Endless Frontier, 19451947: Congress Approves, Truman Vetoes1950: Compromise Bill Approved & Signed by Truman
12 NSF Act of 1950 To promote the progress of science…” NSB (24) and 1 Director, appointed by the PresidentEncourage & develop a national policy for the promotion of basic research and education in the math, physical, medical, biological, engineering and other sciencesInitiate & support basic scientific research in the sciencesEvaluate the science research programs undertaken by agencies of the Federal governmentProvide information for S&E policy formation
13 National Science Board NSF Organizational ChartOffice of CyberinfrastructureOffice of Equal EmploymentOpportunity ProgramsNational Science Board(NSB)DirectorDeputy DirectorOffice of the General CounselOffice of Integrative ActivitiesOffice of InternationalScience & EngineeringOffice of theInspector General(OIG)Office of Legislative &Public AffairsOffice of Polar ProgramsBiologicalSciences(BIO)Computer &InformationScience &Engineering(CISE)Engineering(ENG)Geosciences(GEO)Mathematical& PhysicalSciences(MPS)Social,Behavioral& EconomicSciences(SBE)Education& HumanResources(EHR)Budget, Finance& AwardManagement(BFA)Information& ResourceManagement(IRM)
14 From NSF Strategic Plan Innovation for Society Performance Strategic Goal includes: Support the Development of Innovative Learning Systems.``Innovative learning systems can bring authentic scientific data immediately to learners, which enable learners to experience science through modeling, simulation, sensor networks, digital telescopes and remote instruments. Technology has the potential to transform science learning as effectively as it has transformed science itself. Learning can occur anytime, anywhere, and for anyone.’’Near Term Actions:Expand initiatives across NSF to develop research-based innovative learning systemsPromote partnerships among computer scientists, other STEM disciplinary scientists, learning scientists, and education practitioners to catalyze new technologies for learning
15 Relevant Directorates/Offices to Advanced Learning Technologies Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE)Office of Cyber Infrastructure (OCI)Directorate for Education and Human Resource (EHR)Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences (SBE)Cross-cutting programs
18 Funding of Learning Technologies at NSF Infrastructure grantsHuman Resource DevelopmentResearch grants for developing new technologies
19 Examples: Support for Infrastructure OCI-Cyberinfrastructure resources, tools ad servicesMajor Research Instrumentation-development proposals
20 Examples: Support for Human Resource Development Advanced Technological Education (ATE)—workforce DevelopmentIntegrative Technology Experiences for students and Teachers (ITEST) — new models of classroom, research to understand STEM development, scale-up projectsTeacher Learning for Future (TLF) – new program under developmentComputing Education for the 21st Century (CE-21)-computer science education
21 Examples: Support for Research EHR-Transforming STEM Learning (TSL)—Study efficacy of existing types of education, develop new STEM learning environmentsEHR-Discovery Research K-12 (DRK-12) –development of materials that use advanced technologiesCISE—Human Centered Computing (HCC) programsCISE-Robust Intelligence program (RI)- investigation of roles of robotics in promoting learningCenter programs
22 Cyberlearning: Transforming Education New program, cross-directorate (CISE, OCI, EHR, SBE)Goal: integrate advances in technology with advances in what is known about how people learnProject characteristics: interdisciplinary, with the research team including members with the full range of expertise needed for success. grounded in existing learning and education research; seek to answer questions about learning with technology; measure learning gains, take into account appropriate elements of the learning ecology in designing its innovation, evaluating its innovation, and answering research questions and use appropriate methodologies to evaluate innovations and measure learning gains.
23 Cyberlearning: Transforming Education (cont.) Three level of awards:Exploration Projects, duration 1-3 years, up to $550kDesign and Implementation Projects, duration 1-5 years, up to $1,350kIntegration and Deployment Projects, duration up to 5 years, up to $2,500k
24 Science of Learning Centers Goal: to advance the frontiers of all the sciences of learning through integrated research; to connect the research to specific scientific, technological, educational, and workforce challenges; to enable research communities to capitalize on new opportunities and discoveries; and to respond to new challenges.
25 Science and Technology Centers (STC): Integrative Partnerships Program STC featuressupports innovative, potentially transformative, complex research and education projects that require large-scale, long-term awards;supports the NSF vision of advancing discovery, innovation and education beyond the frontiers of current knowledge, and empowering future generations in science and engineering;foster excellence in education by integrating education and research, and by creating bonds between learning and inquiry so that discovery and creativity fully support the learning process.
26 STC: Center for Biophotonics Microlens technologyUnstained blood smearSmartphone MicroscopyMicrolens technology20x microscopeCrystals – polarized lightTaste budsPlant stemsDaphnia eggs
28 Science and Technology Center Example UCLA’s Center for Embedded Networked Sensing (CENS) is a major research enterprise focused on developing wireless sensing systems and applying this revolutionary technology to critical scientific and societal pursuits.Recent Focus: participatory sensing for health and education
29 CENS Success StoriesPersonal Environmental Reporthttp://Project MOBILIZE: Mobilizing for Innovative Computer Science Teaching and Learning is a targeted National Science Foundation Math Science Partnership funded for