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My Two Cats Are a Community of Interest Dr. Scott Renner

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Presentation on theme: "My Two Cats Are a Community of Interest Dr. Scott Renner"— Presentation transcript:

1 My Two Cats Are a Community of Interest Dr. Scott Renner

2 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved Outline History Current situation Proposed direction

3 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved History of COIs DoD Data Admin program, Data Interoperability Rapid Improvement Team, 2000 AF SAB Database Migration study, 2001 DoD Data Broad Area Review, 2002 Net-Centric Data Strategy, 2003 AF Information and Data Management Strategy, 2004 IT Portfolio Management, 2004 OSD(NII) COI Pilots, 2005 –C2 Space Situational Awareness –Blue Force Tracking –Maritime Domain Awareness

4 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved Three Correct Meanings of COI Vocabulary COI –People who have a common vocabulary for their domain –Deliberate vocabulary creation/teaching effort –Data standards consortia Sharing COI –People who are actually sharing data with each other –Real producers, real consumers Proponent COI –People who want a new/improved sharing capability –Not the people who develop or know the vocabulary –Not the people who actually produce or consume data –People with authority and money

5 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved Useful Common Elements COIs solve a data-sharing problem COIs per se dont do anything; their members do

6 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved Proposed Definition Within the context of the NCDS, a community of interest is defined as a group of people who cooperate to solve a problem in net-centric data sharing To solve their problem, the members may –Form and promulgate a common vocabulary For discovery metadata For machine-to-machine data exchange For architecture descriptions –Actually exchange information with each other –Develop new capabilities for new/improved info sharing COIs do not overtly control resources or direct activities They act entirely through the cooperation of their members and their respective organizations

7 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved Who Cooperates? If COIs act through the cooperation of their members… then who does the cooperating?

8 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved Roles of the Cooperators Information owners Shared information space controllers Semantic communities

9 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved Implementation and Infrastructure AF Information & Data Mgt. Strategy: The Triangle Foundation Community Vocabularies Information Owners / Data Producers Shared Information Spaces

10 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved Shared Information Spaces Shared Information Space Consumers and the information they need Validated info needs, driven by CONOPS and TTP Designated authoritative sources meeting requirements Access control (users, roles, permissions) Priority and Quality of Service Controlling authority

11 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved Information Owners Shared Information Space Consumers and the info they need Information Owners / Data Producers Organizations with authority and responsibility for producing information Identify subordinate owners, ensure they: Supply discovery metadata Establish, effect data access plan Satisfy records mgt requirements, etc.

12 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved StateTreasuryEPAJustice US NavyArmy DoDAir Force The Enterprise: Subordinates and Partners AFMCAFSOCAMCAETC AustraliaUK ACC You cant just say all information is owned by the enterprise

13 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved Data Service Agreements Are Required Information Owners / Data Producers Organizations with authority and responsibility for producing information Shared Information Space Consumers and the info they need Agreements between producers and infospace controllers: Availability Access control

14 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved Community Vocabularies Information Owners / Data Producers Organizations with authority and responsibility for producing information Shared Information Space Consumers and the info they need Community Vocabularies Hierarchy of subject-area vocabularies Community understanding of data models for runtime data exchange, architectures, discovery metadata, information owner descriptions

15 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved Implementation Infrastructure Community Vocabularies Subject-area vocabularies Data models for data exchange, architectures, discovery metadata Information Owners / Data Producers Organizations with authority and responsibility for producing information Shared Information Space Consumers and the info they need Implementation and Infrastructure Data access implementation (warehouse, pub/sub, web service, portal, etc.) Physically located at producers, consumers, or someplace in between. Core services for identity, authentication, etc.

16 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved COIs Operate at the Intersection Infospace Producers Vocabulary COI

17 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved A Simple Enterprise Movies, Customers, Fines Common Vocabulary Store #1 Data Producer Store #2 Data Producer Employees, Customers, etc. Video Store Infospace When effective centralized, top-down control is feasible, no need to separate producer, infospace, vocabulary concerns One enterprise, effective central control

18 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved A More Complex Enterprise Flight Planner infospace Consumers and the information they need Including roles and training requirements Flight Operations Vocabulary Personnel Data Producer Army Personnel Data Producer Navy Personnel Data Producer Air Force Personnel Data Producer USMC COI

19 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved Still More Complex Including roles and training requirements Flight Operations Vocabulary Consumers and the information they need PACOM Flight Planner infospace several infospheres Personnel Data Producer

20 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved Expanding To The Enterprise Infospace Producers Vocabulary Your COI The infospace will include information from other producers, following other vocabularies Other producers and other infospaces will use the community vocabulary Producers will post to other infospaces, using other community vocabularies

21 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved Even More Complex: Producer View PACOM Flight Planner infospace post data to multiple infospheres Personnel Data Producer US Force Planning infospace Internal Revenue Service infospace Flight Operations vocabulary US Tax Code vocabulary Global Force Management vocabulary post data in multiple vocabularies

22 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved Even More Complex: Producer View PACOM Flight Planner infospace AUS Force Planning infospace Australian Taxation Office infospace Flight Operations vocabulary Australian Tax vocabulary AUS Force Management vocabulary Personnel Data Producer

23 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved Even More Complex: Infospace View Consumers and the information they need PACOM infospace Flight Operations vocabulary Weather vocabulary Imagery vocabulary Personnel data producers ISR data producers Weather data producers consume data from multiple producers consume data following multiple vocabularies

24 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved Even More Complex: Vocabulary View Pictures, their sources, representation, quality, etc. Imagery Vocabulary PACOM Flight Planner infospace vocabulary used in multiple infospheres Other Government infospaces Commercial infospaces US Imagery data producers Other National Imagery data producers Commercial Imagery data producers vocabulary used by multiple producers

25 © 2006 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved Summary Too many meanings of COI Common elements in the useful definitions –Solve a net-centric data sharing problem –Work through cooperation of COI members Elements of an information management architecture –Information owners –Infospace controllers –Semantic communities Future direction: governance and management of those three elements


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