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Spatial Data Infrastructures and Spatial Ontologies and Semantics John Moeller Northrop Grumman Co-Chair of Spatial Ontology Community of Practice.

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Presentation on theme: "Spatial Data Infrastructures and Spatial Ontologies and Semantics John Moeller Northrop Grumman Co-Chair of Spatial Ontology Community of Practice."— Presentation transcript:

1 Spatial Data Infrastructures and Spatial Ontologies and Semantics John Moeller Northrop Grumman Co-Chair of Spatial Ontology Community of Practice

2 The Geospatial Web The Geospatial Web is not just a bunch of mash-ups or even the hundreds of SDI's that have been successfully deployed. The Geospatial Web is about the complete integration and use of location at all levels of the internet and the web. This integration will often be invisible to the user. But at the end of the day, the ubiquitous permeation of location into the infrastructure of the internet and the web is being built on standards. Dr. Carl Reed CTO Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc

3 What is a Spatial Data Infrastructure ? A Spatial Data Infrastructure is the Dial-Tone of the geospatial web –the means to assemble geographic information that describes the arrangement and attributes of features and phenomena on the Earth (US National Research Council) –the technology, policies, standards, and human resources necessary to acquire, process, store, distribute and improve utilization of geospatial data (US NSDI EO 12906) –the policies, organizational remits, data, technologies, standards, delivery mechanisms, and financial and human resources necessary to ensure that those working at the global and regional scale are not impeded in meeting their objectives (GSDI Association)

4 SDI Key Components Network Spatial Data Catalogues/Clearing Houses/Registries Data Services An Integrating Data Framework/Foundation Guidelines/policies Standards and Specifications –Metadata –Core/base data –Spatial data –Services Institutional capacity and partnerships

5 SDI Development Pre –SDI through Initial Development and Implementation 1990s – current Web-based, standards based understanding of value of geospatial as an integrating function for the enterprise Early 2000 – current Implementation of service oriented architectures, development of implementation profiles and service chaining Web services 2006 – 2009 Enterprise connections enabled through semantic capabilities, embedded business processes, sensor integration, data discrimination services Anticipated timeframe: 2008 – 2010 Intelligent SDI Networks are in place using metadata for date, service, applications and models etc, registries and catalogues, semantics, chained services, e-commerce, to provide cost/accuracy/time options to meet users requests Anticipated timeframe: 2010

6 Global Participation SDIs at all levels join with other to form a GSDI CanadaCGDI U.S. NSDI Australian SDI Global SDI European Spatial Infrastructure Other NSDIs. NSG

7 Geoparser From a Foundation of SDI Best Practices Reduce deployment costs by reusing information from other communitiesReduce deployment costs by reusing information from other communities Meet requirements for Citizen access.Meet requirements for Citizen access. Foundation for interoperable service networksFoundation for interoperable service networks Easier access to multiple online info sources and services Easier access to multiple online info sources and services Use and reuse different vendor solutions. Use and reuse different vendor solutions. Clearinghouse Geoparser Vendor Data Local Government National Government Other Collections Clearinghouse Whoville Cedar Lake Whoville Cedar Lake Buildings Roads Images Targets Boundaries... Catalog View Common interfaces enable interoperability Queries extract info from diverse sources Integrated View Gazetteer Coordinate Transform Web Mapping Server, Web Feature Server, Web Coverage Server Catalog Services Other Services Metadata Data Metadata Data Metadata Data Metadata Internet Geoparser Geocoder Source: Open Geospatial Consortium

8 To Geospatially Enabling The Enterprise Source: Open Geospatial Consortium

9 Some Comments/Questions Open standards provide the framework for geospatial interoperability and data sharing SDIs around the world are expressing support for interoperable solutions Are SOAs along with ontology and semantic tools ready for incorporation into SDIs of different levels of maturity or only in the most mature? If not what is needed to stimulate implementation?

10 From Spatial Data Infrastructures Businesses s Consumers s Government s Users Information Demographics HealthTransportation Crime Real Estate …infrastructures rely on a variety of technology standards and network connections. …infrastructures rely on a variety of technology standards and network connections. Network Connections Finance Environment Shopping Politics Liesure Economic Defense Public Safety Internet, World Wide Web, and other standards

11 Every human activity happens somewhere – and somewhen! Can anyone in the audience think of any human activity that is not impacted by location or impacts a location? We have a social responsibility to optimize our decision making by leveraging place Source:


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