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Presented to: By: Date: Federal Aviation Administration Enterprise Messaging System (EMS) SOA Brown Bag #6 SWIM Team April 14, 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "Presented to: By: Date: Federal Aviation Administration Enterprise Messaging System (EMS) SOA Brown Bag #6 SWIM Team April 14, 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presented to: By: Date: Federal Aviation Administration Enterprise Messaging System (EMS) SOA Brown Bag #6 SWIM Team April 14, 2011

2 2 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 Agenda SWIM Current Status Plans for Moving Forward EMS Architecture Overview EMS Messaging Patterns EMS Pub/Sub Messaging Overview EMS Pub/Sub On-Ramping Overview EMS On-Ramping Lessons Learned

3 3 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 Governance Roles and Responsibilities NAS Governance –SWIM performs Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) suitability assessments in support of the Enterprise Architecture Review Board/Technical Review Board (EAB/TRB) Identify potential providers of NAS services Programs assessed at investment decisions (IARD, IID, FID) –EAB/TRB approves authorized providers of SWIM-compliant National Airspace System (NAS) services Enterprise SOA Governance –SWIM ensures governance compliance –SWIM will NOT attempt to govern SOA implementations that are internal to NAS programs

4 4 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 Governance Implications Programs will use the enterprise SOA infrastructure provided by SWIM Programs will not develop their own redundant enterprise SOA infrastructure Programs will meet SWIM-compliance requirements as required by EAB/TRB Disputes related to implementation of enterprise SOA will be resolved by the EAB/TRB

5 5 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 Financial Implications Enterprise SOA infrastructure costs will be included in the SWIM Segment 2 baseline SWIM-compliance costs for NAS services will be included in each programs Joint Resources Council (JRC) funding request –Programs will prepare SWIM Provider Provisioning Plan (SPPP) at the Final Investment Decision (FID) Joint effort between program and SWIM Based on the programs Final Program Requirements and Architecture

6 6 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 Funding SWIM Services General Approach: –SWIM conducted JRC, with F&E funding requested to develop initial Core Services, followed by user- funded Operations & Maintenance (O&M) –JRC conducted by Service- requesting program; funding provided to SWIM, who builds service with O&M phase user- funded Requires knowledge of: –Total costs to provide Core Services –Number of anticipated service consumers –Schedule of need dates for service consumers Decision on service development costs and benefits: –Spread among all consumers? –First consumer bears the full burden of the cost? –NextGen expected to provide FY11 development cost for: Network Time Protocol (NTP) Identity and Key Management (IKM)

7 7 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 Plans for Moving Forward Building out initial nodes –ACY (May) & ATL (June) Planning future upgrades –Additional Customer-Required Functionality –Additional Nodes (e.g. OKC, SLC) Identifying customers –SPPP –Producer Template (ITWS, CIWS, WMSCR, TBFM/TMA, NNEW, AIM, MAPS) –Consumer Template (Internal and External) –Producer/Consumer Workshops

8 8 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 Service Domain Tier Enterprise Domain Tier Policy Implementation Points WAN Services Network Security Enterprise Domain Tier ESB Stakeholders – Make Decisions Process – Procedures, Metrics, Control Mechanisms Policies – Decisions Made Domain Specific Governance Providing Local Autonomy NAS-Wide Governance Providing Central Direction Infrastructure Service Developers Service Portfolio Management Enterprise Service Repository Federated Repository System/Security Admin Service Level Security Enterprise Services Identity Management Access Management Service Management Enterprise Services Service Administration Sponsor Programs Enterprise Registry/ Catalog Federated Registry Legend DEX Service FTI Service Service Container Enabled Apps Legacy NAS System Apps Separates the IT and integration infrastructure concerns from domain specific ATM concerns SWIM Implementing Program SWIM Service Container NAS Applications Legacy System Legacy Infrastructure NAS Applications TRACON 1 ARTCC n NAS Enterprise Security Gateway UESB NAS Users External Customers Interface Toolkit Managed Access To Enterprise Services Legacy System Interface Standards-Based ESB Interface NAS Users Enables NAS use of multiple vendor technologies avoiding lock-in NAS programs and lines of business are executed by domain experts DEX Decoupled using JMS and WS ARTCC 1 TRACON n EMS Architecture Overview – DEX Conceptual Architecture

9 9 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 EMS Architecture Overview – DEX Deployment Architecture DEX System Management Node Primary NOCC FTI WAN Core ARTCC 1 DEX Messaging Node DEX System Management Node Backup NOCC DEX Messaging Node ARTCC (Eastern Hub) DEX Access Management Node DEX Messaging Node ARTCC (Western Hub) DEX Access Management Node DEX Messaging Node ARTCC (Central Hub) DEX Access Management Node Core ARTCC 1 DEX Messaging Node Core ARTCC N DEX Messaging Node DEX Enabled NESG External FAA Customers (e.g. Airlines, Airports) NAS DEX Enabled NESG External FAA Customers (e.g. Airlines, Airports) Enterprise Domain Service Bus Service Management Service Administration Service Level Security Enterprise Registry/Catalog Enterprise Service Repository

10 10 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 EMS Messaging Patterns Publish/Subscribe – implemented using Java Messaging Service (JMS) Request/Response – implemented using web services Primary emphasis has been Pub/Sub messaging services

11 11 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 EMS DEX Pub/Sub Messaging Overview Producer Routing Info CBR Header data Header data Header data Messaging Service Subscription Configuration (DEX Navigator) Content Taxonomy (Content Catalog) DEX Admin or Consumer 1. Define messages, metadata, and taxonomy 2. Connect Producer for publishing via JMS 3. Configure subscription content for Consumers 4. Connect Consumers and subscribe to assigned topic(s) 5. Route data to Consumer(s) based on currently configure subscriptions Content Stream Jump Start Kit Consumer A Jump Start Kit Consumer B Jump Start Kit

12 12 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 Pub/Sub On-ramping Overview - Producer Content products & metadata defined by Producer Messages, routing attributes and content taxonomy defined, Producer queue needs defined Producer queue(s) configured, names provided to Producer Content Catalog updated by DEX administrator Optional Dex Jumpstart Kit On-ramping Tool Producer application connects to DEX DEX connection information and client JAR file provided by DEX administrator DEX Activity Producer Activity Producer and DEX Activity

13 13 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 Pub/Sub On-ramping Overview - Consumer DEX Navigator Connection information & credentials provided by DEX administrator Content list & metadata accessed by Consumer Content & topic(s) selected by Consumer to define subscription(s) Content & topic(s) configured by DEX administrator to support subscription(s) Optional Dex Jumpstart Kit On-ramping Tool DEX Navigator Consumer application connects to DEX DEX connection information and client JAR file provided by DEX administrator DEX Activity Consumer Activity Consumer and DEX Activity

14 14 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 EMS DEX Pub/Sub Messaging – Lessons Learned Producer Push Model Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) Interoperability Support Web Service Virtualization Message Compression Message Filtering Multi-threading Message Batching

15 15 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 Producer Push Model Benefits –A common set of security policies can be established and enforced for accessing enterprise level information –The sharing of all enterprise level information can be monitored from the Producer service access point to the Consumer access point providing SLA policy enforcement and enhanced situational awareness –A common approach to providing effective load balancing and highly available messaging for enterprise level data can be leveraged across the enterprise –Loose coupling with providers –Common interface for providers Producer FTI WAN Content DEX Messaging Node Service Bus Processor Products are pushed to the DEX Service Bus Processor SAP Load Balancer

16 16 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 ESB Interoperability Support ESB has powerful interoperability capabilities –Demonstrated support for JMS interoperability between different vendors (Oracle, IBM, Progress) –Demonstrated application level messaging protocol mediation JMS to Web Services (WS) – JMS producer sending to WS consumer WS to JMS – WS producer sending to JMS consumer –Message format transformations JMS – Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) SOAP – JMS Extensible Markup Language (XML) - XML

17 17 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 Web Service Virtualization Definition – management of web service endpoints transparently for consumers Alternatives –Run-time Registry, Load balancer, ESB Experience to date –Run-time Registry can interoperate with ESB –Run-time Registry may be overkill (high $$$) given anticipated NextGen scenarios (Weather Domain may be exception) –Load Balancer on Roadmap –ESB message flows can be configured with web service endpoints, this is current approach of DEX

18 18 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 Message Compression Message compression can be used to increase throughput while lowering network bandwidth utilization Compression becomes more beneficial as message size increases (500B ~25%, 10kB ~80%) Alternative approaches - Producer compression, DEX compression Producer –If messages are small Producer can pack messages and compress yielding better results –Consumer would need to decompress and unpack messages DEX –For larger messages DEX can compress received messages, route to consumers, and decompress transparently to consumers

19 19 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 Message Filtering Definition – removing or altering the content of a message payload Alternative approaches - Producer filtering, DEX filtering Producer filtering –Producer filters data and publishes filtered and non-filtered messages tagged to indicate filtering characteristics to DEX –DEX routes messages to authorized users per established policy using header attributes –Use when domain specific business rules govern filtering to keep business domain decoupled from enterprise domain – e.g., Airport Surface Detection Equipment, Model X (ASDE-X) sensitivity filtering DEX filtering –DEX filters data and publishes data to authorized users per established policy –Use when generic business rules govern filtering – e.g., unconditionally clearing given fields of a message for a class of consumers

20 20 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 Multi-threading Messaging throughout can often be adversely effected by message transfer delay (latency) This is especially true for acknowledged messages. For example, a roundtrip latency of 10 milliseconds (ms) would limit a sequential message transfer using a single thread to no greater than 100 messages per second (mps) Thread Message 1Message ms10 ms20 ms990 ms Message 2Message 99

21 21 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 Multi-threading Multi-threading – using multiple threads in a process to achieve more effective utilization of processing resources Messaging throughout can be increased to overcome high latencies by using a multi-threaded process that is transferring messages –Enables message transfers to be overlapped to effectively compensate for the transfer latencies of sending and then waiting on the acknowledgement –Each thread can transfer messages almost concurrently (minimal input/output (I/O) resource wait time) and in this three-thread case almost triple the effective throughput –As long as there is available bandwidth, the thread count can be increased to achieve increasing throughput –The other limiting factor on thread count is processing resources of the host processor Thread Message 1Message 100Message 1Message 99Message 1Message 100Message 1Message 99Message 1Message ms10 ms20 ms990 ms Message 1Message 99 Net throughput approaches 300 mps Thread

22 22 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011 Message Batching In order to achieve higher message throughput rates over the Wide Area Network (WAN), a message batching feature may be utilized Message batching consists of collecting a configurable number of messages (Message Max) and creating one large message at the DEX that contains these messages for subsequent transmission to the consumer There are additional configurable parameters that control the amount of time the message batcher will wait for the Message Max to occur for batching There is a trade-off between batch size and latency – large batch yields higher latency Once the batched message is received on the consumer end, the messages are unpacked and delivered to the end consumer one at a time making the message batching transparent to the end consumer Tests with WAN 24ms round trip latency Test Case Publishing Rate (mps) Message Batch Size Consumer Receipt Rate (mps)

23 23 Federal Aviation Administration SWIM Enterprise Messaging System April 14, 2011


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