Presentation on theme: "Health and Safety Executive Ecotoxicology Annex II and III data requirements Mark Clook Chemicals Regulation Directorate Health and Safety Executive UK."— Presentation transcript:
Health and Safety Executive Ecotoxicology Annex II and III data requirements Mark Clook Chemicals Regulation Directorate Health and Safety Executive UK
Outline of presentation History Changes – general Changes – to data requirements
History Drafts developed in 2002 following consultation with the Member States –Mark Lynch of PCS – drew up first draft and chaired first meetings Several rounds of expert meetings –Involved experts from IE, IT, RO, HU, BE, AU, DK, PL, FR, DE, SE, UK, NL, EFSA – comments received from ECPA and other MS
History contd Revision 7 + MS + ECPA comments sent to EFSA PPR Panel in 2006 Comments in PPR opinion Commission asked PSD to revise/update data requirements in light of PPR opinion + MS + ECPA comments EFSA commented on the revised version – then MS+COM+EFSA produced the draft that is being considered today
Changes Update data requirements in light of EFSA opinions, guidance documents and other scientific developments Editorial issues Moving some data requirements from Annex III to Annex II
Changes ECx vs NOEC For new long-term/chronic/reproduction studies the dose or concentration range should be selected to enable the derivation of an EC10 and EC20 along with corresponding 95% confidence intervals and a NOEC value
Changes ECx vs NOEC – existing studies ECx may not be available In these circumstances the study should not be repeated but an attempt should be made to determine EC10 and EC20 along with corresponding 95% confidence interval, as well as the NOEC value An assessment should also be made regarding their statistical robustness
Changes EQS Review of aquatic data required Used to establish environmental quality standards (EQS) for Water Framework Directive
Annex II – Avian dietary study is not a core data requirement, only required if: A short term dietary study should only be conducted for those pesticides where the mode of action and/or results from mammalian studies indicate a potential for the LD50 measured by the short term study to be lower than the LD50 based on an acute oral study. The short-term dietary test should not be conducted for any other purpose than to determine intrinsic toxicity through dietary exposure, unless the necessity can be clearly justified
Annex II – Data have been requested on the effects on terrestrial vertebrate wildlife (birds, mammals, reptiles and amphibians) Not a request for more studies – available and relevant data required
Annex II – Potential endocrine disrupting substances Nothing specific in terms of data requirements Need to discuss with MS
Annex II – Acute fish studies – reduced from two species to just one species. Always required – classification and labelling
Annex II – The need for chronic/long-term data is now a core data requirement This was due to concerns raised by EFSA PPR and other MS Two studies are required – an assay (OECD 229 or 230) followed by either a full fish life cycle study or an early life stage study
Annex II – A fish short-term reproduction screening assay should be conducted. If the results indicate the potential for reproductive effects, then a full fish life cycle study is required. If the results do not indicate the potential for reproductive effects, then an early life stage study is required.
Annex II – If the active substance is considered to be a potential endocrine disruptor, then a full fish life cycle study is required. In the specific case that the endocrine disrupting effect is known to be based on aromatase inhibition e.g. in certain ergosterolsynthesis- inhibiting fungicides a Fish Sexual Development Test (FSDT) is sufficient. In this case, the sex- ratio is the most sensitive endpoint, which is fully covered by the FSDT.
Annex II – Requirement for a study on Mysid shrimp – insecticides only New requirement to address concerns of MS and EFSA regarding diversity of aquatic inverts Relevance of Mysid noted
Annex II – Long-term and chronic toxicity to aquatic invertebrates Carried out on the either Daphnia magna or Mysid shrimp – depending which is more sensitive Role of chironomid? IGR?
Annex II – Amphibian metamorphosis assay OECD 231 requested to address the endocrine issue and cover amphibians as well
Annex II – Honeybee brood feeding test Study requested to address long-term risk to honeybees
Annex II – Earthworm – sub-lethal effects Addresses issues regarding long- term/reproductive effects on earthworms. Dropped acute study.
Annex II – Effects on non-target soil mesofauna (other than earthworms) Change from function/structure mix to structure Studies on Hypoaspis aculeifer and Foslomia candida are now required. However the need is dependant upon the toxicity/risk to non-target arthropods.
Annex II – 8.5 Effects on soil nitrogen transformation No change, however there has been the removal of the carbon mineralisation study
Annex III – Higher tier testing for non-target soil mesofauna (other than earthworms) Removal of requirement for the litter bag, replaced with species/structure based studies (e.g. Terrestrial model ecosystem)
Annex II – 10.6 As for active substance Effects on soil nitrogen transformation No change, however there has been the removal of the carbon mineralisation study