Presentation on theme: "Globalizing Science Courses in the Online Environment"— Presentation transcript:
1 Globalizing Science Courses in the Online Environment The iPod Generation:Globalizing Science Courses in the Online EnvironmentPresider: LeeAnne EdmondsPresenters: Nahel AwadallahAmy NoelSampson Community College
2 Generational Differences Research & Literature Not StandardizedVariations & DifferencesNames & TerminologySpan of YearsGeneralizedCommon Values, Behaviors, & HistoryConflicting OpinionsGreat deal of variation among the research methods, data sources, etc. Stats from valid data-collection sources (Inst. for Social Research) combined with surveys of HS students. Categories based on common traits & similarities. Conflicting opinions about socio-economic projections for each group – depends on perspective.
3 Oblinger & 2005 Lancaster Stillman 2002 Martin Tulgan Zemke, Raines, & Filipczak1999Matures1920 – 1946TraditionalistsSilent Generation1925 – 1942VeteransBaby BoomersGen XersGeneration XersGeneration XGen YNet GenMillenialsEcho BoomerGeneration YBaby BustersGeneration NextNextersPost MillenialsPresentOther names for the next generation “Z” & “D” L & S also define “Cuspers” as those born between generations – may exhibit overlapping characteristics.
4 The Lost Generation (1883–1900) Was named by Ernest HemingwayKnown as “World War I Generation”Known as the “Generation of Fire”A generation that was seeking stabilityAdhere to specific value system and are willing to enforce it
5 The Greatest Generation (1901–1924) Named by journalist Tom BrokawWorld war II GenerationTom stated that “the soldiers fought not for the fame and recognition, but because it was the right thing to do.”Those who stayed home and who returned from the war contributed significantly to industrialization.
6 The Silent Generation (1925–1942) Named after the cover story of Time dated Nov. 5th, 1951.It stated their characteristics as “grave and fatalistic, conventional, possessing confused morals, expecting disappointment but desiring faith, and for women, desiring both a career and a family.”
7 The Baby Boomers (1943–1960)Describe individuals that were born post world war II baby boom between 1946 and 1964.Having fun by having many babies.Substantial population growth.Seventy-six million American children were born between 1945 and 1964.Known as the “sandwich generation” because they have to take care of their children and elderly parents.They are the first to have television.Rock & roll generation.Contributed to the expansion of individual freedoms.
8 Generation X (1961–1981) Family values are changing. Teen agers are sleeping together before marriage.Did not have as many babies.Not as religious.Tolerate authority up to a certain extent.More focused on money than anything.More females in the work place.Individualism becoming important. “what is in it for me”.Influenced by social changes and problems such as high divorce rate, HIV and drugs.
9 Generation Y (1982–2001) Higher living costs More ambitious Brand consciousTend to move jobs more often than previous generations.High divorce rateWorking parentsPeer orientedIPod generation
10 Generation Z (2001– present) If you think we have problems now, wait for “Generation Z”GODHELP USFor now lets worry about the iPOD generation
12 Characteristics of the iPod Generation “Digital Natives” of the Technology AgeProcess Information RapidlyLearn InteractivelyShare Knowledge InformallyGroup CentricConstant ConnectivityRequire High Levels of FeedbackValue EducationGrew up with computers, Internet, cell phones, iPods.
13 Are They Really That Different? Use Increasingly Sophisticated TechnologyShorter Attention SpansQuicker Reaction & ResponseRead More Than Any Other GenerationDifficulty Reasoning & ReflectingStill Undergoing Brain DevelopmentFace More Challenges Than Ever BeforeResearch is inconclusive and can’t be reliably validated. Some social and behavioral experts believe they are fundamentally different – smarter, more sophisticated technology skills. Others argue that there are no fundamental differences in terms of intellect and ability across generations. Face terrorism, gang violence, economic uncertainty
14 Is Our Educational System Designed For Them? View Lectures as Boring & UninterestingBecome Easily DisengagedUsed to Learning in a Highly Interactive WayNeed Instant Feedback & EvaluationWant to Work Smarter Not HarderPrefer to Seek Information at Their Own PaceInformation Technology Skills May Exceed Those of Their Teachers
15 The Impact of Globalization Related to Economics & BusinessImplications for Education, Health Care, & Information Technology SharingThe U.S. is no longer Predominant in terms of Research, Science, & TechnologyNext Generation Needs a Competitive EdgeGen-Y is the First Generation in Decades that may not Surpass Previous Ones
16 Benefits of e-Learning Greater Mobility & ConvenienceIncreases Course AvailabilityLowers the Cost of Instruction & TuitionNo Time Constraints for Students/FacultyIncreases Opportunities for CollaborationIncreases Access to Wide Variety of ExpertiseAllows Students to Work at Their Own PaceCreates a Global Learning Community
17 Challenges of Online Courses Interactive Laboratory ExercisesUnderstanding Difficult TopicsGroup Work and InteractionInstructor/Student CommunicationClass Integrity: Attendance and ExamsRetention Rate
18 Laboratory IdeasCampus/Hybrid – Face-to-Face or Online with Labs on CampusSimulations – Do not provide practical laboratory skills or measurement, instrumentation, and analysis.Commercial Lab Kits – LabPaqs dispel the myth of online lab science
19 Examples Of Exercises EXERCISE 1: Using the Microscope EXERCISE 2: HistologyEXERCISE 3: Classification of Body MembranesEXERCISE 4: Overview of the Skeletal SystemEXERCISE 5: The Axial and Appendicular SkeletonEXERCISE 6: Joints and Body MovementsEXERCISE 7: Organization of Muscle TissueEXERCISE 8: Gross Anatomy of the Muscular SystemEXERCISE 9: Muscle PhysiologyEXERCISE 10: Organization of Nervous TissueEXERCISE 11: Gross Anatomy of the Central Nervous SystemEXERCISE 12: Reflex and Sensory Physiology
20 Conclusions Generational Differences are not Definitive Observations About Online LearningTechnology can be Used to Enhance InstructionDistance Education and Face-to-Face Instruction can be Equally EffectiveAccess to Information does not Equal Knowledge
21 ReferencesAldridge, C. (2006). Simulations and the future of learning: An innovative (and perhaps) revolutionary approach to e-learning. San Francisco: Pfeiffer.Aldridge, C. (2005). Learning by doing: A comprehensive guide to simulation, computer games, and pedagogy in e-learning and other educational experiences. San Francisco: Pfeiffer.Bernard, R. M., Abrami, P.C., Lou, Y., Borokhovski, E., Wade, A., Wozney, L., Wallet, P.A., Fiset, M., & Huang, B. (2004). How does distance education compare to classroom instruction? A meta-analysis of the empirical literature. Review of Educational Research, 74(3),Brown, J.S., & Duguid, P. (2000). The social life of information. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Press.Cuban, L. (1986). Teachers and machines: The classroom use of technology since New York: Teachers College Press.Dillon, A. & Gabbard, R. (1998) Hypermedia as an educational technology: A review of the quantitative research literature on learner comprehension, control and style. Review of Educational Research, 68(3),Healy, J. (1998). Failure to connect: How computers affect our children’s minds – for better and worse. New York: Simon & Schuster.
22 ReferencesHowe, N., & Strauss, W. (2000). Millennials rising: The next great generation. New York: Vintage Books.Howe, N., & Strauss, W. (1993). 13th gen: Abort, retry, ignore, fail? New York: Vintage Books.Johnson, S. (2005). Everything bad is good for you: How today’s popular culture is actually making us smarter. New York: Riverhead Books.Lancaster, L. C., & Stillman, D. (2002). When generations collide. Who they are. Why they clash. How to solve the generational puzzle at work. New York: Collins Business.Martin, C.A., & Tulgan, B. (2002). Managing the generational mix. Amherst, MA: HRD Press.Martin, C.A., & Tulgan, B. (2001). Managing generation Y. Amherst, MA: HRD Press.Oblinger, D. G. (2003). Boomers, gen-xers, and millennials: Understanding the “new students.” EDUCAUSE Review 38(4),Oblinger, D. , & Oblinger J.(Eds.). (2005). Educating the Net Gen. Washington, DC: EDUCAUSE.
23 ReferencesO’Neill, S. (2000) Millennials Rising by Neil Howe and William Strauss. Flak. Retrieved from .Prensky, M. (2001). Digital natives, digital immigrants. On the Horizon. NCB University Press, 9 (5). Retrieved from .Reeves, T.C., & Oh, E. (2006) Do Generational Differences Matter In Instructional Design? Retrieved from .Saettler, P. (1990). The evolution of American educational technology. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited.Tapscott, D. (1998). Growing up digital: The rise of the net generation. New York: McGraw Hill.Twenge, J. M. (2006). Generation me: Why today’s young Americans are more confident, assertive, entitled – and more miserable than ever before. New York: Free Press.Zemke, R., Raines, C., & Filipczak, B. (2000). Generations at work: Managing the class of veterans, boomers, x-ers, and nexters in your workplace. New York: AMACON.