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1 Variability in TCP Round-trip Times Extent, Causes, and Impact Faculty: Jasleen Kaur Don Smith Diane Pozefsky (IBM) Vidyadhar Kulkarni (OR) Michele Weigle.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Variability in TCP Round-trip Times Extent, Causes, and Impact Faculty: Jasleen Kaur Don Smith Diane Pozefsky (IBM) Vidyadhar Kulkarni (OR) Michele Weigle."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Variability in TCP Round-trip Times Extent, Causes, and Impact Faculty: Jasleen Kaur Don Smith Diane Pozefsky (IBM) Vidyadhar Kulkarni (OR) Michele Weigle Kevin Jeffay Students: Jay Aikat Sushant Rewaskar Vivek Sawant Li Cheng (OR) The UNIVERSITY of NORTH CAROLINA at CHAPEL HILL

2 2 TCP Round-trip Times (RTTs) Popular belief: RTTs do not vary significantly within TCP connections Mean RTT can be used to approximate per-segment RTTs Mean RTT can be used to approximate per-segment RTTs TCP analytical models TCP analytical models [Altman00, Kumar98, Lakshman97, Mathis97, Padhye98, Zhang02…] RTT of initial segments is typical for a TCP connection RTT of initial segments is typical for a TCP connection[Jiang02] Do per-segment RTTs vary significantly within a TCP connection?

3 3 UNC Campus Regional health- care center Department s Research labs Department s Research labs Residence halls Wireles s users VPNs Modem VPNs Modem ibiblio web servers Data Source Rest of the world Monitor ISP router Rich data source!

4 4 Trace Statistics Connections Remote hosts RTT samples BytesPackets All connections 22.7 million 962 K 252 million 628 GB 511 M Connections with at least 10 samples 1.1 million 258 K 236 million 581 GB 464 M Large data set!

5 5 Variability Within Connections Median RTT: Median RTT: 30% of connections see a median RTT more than twice the min RTT 30% of connections see a median RTT more than twice the min RTT 90% RTT: 90% RTT: 22% of connections see a 90% RTT more than 5 times the min RTT 22% of connections see a 90% RTT more than 5 times the min RTT 90% RTT increases with min RTT 90% RTT increases with min RTT

6 6 Causes of Variability Correlation with hop-count Correlation with hop-count Correlation with location Correlation with location Prefix-aggregation Prefix-aggregation Behavior with time Behavior with time Timescales Timescales Congestion Congestion Path changes Path changes

7 7 Per-Segment RTTs: Mean or Distributions? Is mean RTT a good approximation for per-segment RTTs? Is mean RTT a good approximation for per-segment RTTs? TCP analytical models TCP analytical models TCP evaluation (simulations) TCP evaluation (simulations)

8 8 Impact of variability Models for per-connection RTTs Models for per-connection RTTs Accurate simulation environments Accurate simulation environments Accurate analysis Accurate analysis Impact of RTT variability on past work Impact of RTT variability on past work TCP analytical models TCP analytical models Delay-based congestion control Delay-based congestion control TCP evaluation (simulations) TCP evaluation (simulations) TCP-based analysis TCP-based analysis

9 9 The SYN / (SYN+ACK) RTT RTT yielded by the SYN and SYN+ACK pair RTT yielded by the SYN and SYN+ACK pair Differs by more than 10% from min RTT for 14% of connections Differs by more than 10% from min RTT for 14% of connections Differs by more than 10% from median RTT for 50% of connections Differs by more than 10% from median RTT for 50% of connections


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