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Physics 112 Star Systems Lecture 6 To The Moon Kevin H Knuth University at Albany Fall 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "Physics 112 Star Systems Lecture 6 To The Moon Kevin H Knuth University at Albany Fall 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 Physics 112 Star Systems Lecture 6 To The Moon Kevin H Knuth University at Albany Fall 2013

2 “I have learned to use the word impossible with the greatest caution” - Werner von Braun

3 Yuri Gagarin (March 9, 1934 – March 27, 1968) Yuri Gagarin was a Soviet Cosmonaut. On April 12, 1961, Gagarin became the first human to travel into space as he orbited the Earth in Vostok 1. He is known in Russian history as the Columbus of the Cosmos. A Monument to Yuri Gagarin in Moscow wikipedia

4 Yuri Gagarin in Vostok 1 Yuri in Vostok 1 Vostok 1 wikipedia

5 John Glenn (born July 18, 1921, in Cambridge, Ohio) John Glenn was the first American in space. On February 20, 1962 he piloted Friendship 7 (Mercury 6) on a 4 hour 55 minute mission where he orbited the Earth. Shortly after President Kennedy’s assassination, John Glenn left NASA to run for office in Ohio, where he became Senator from 1974 – 1999. He returned to space payload specialist in 1998 in the Space Shuttle Discovery. wikipedia

6 Mercury Missions payload specialist The Mercury Project from 1959 – 1963 was America’s first manned spaceflight program with the goal of putting a person into Earth orbit. The capsules were small (1.7 cubic meters) and could hold only a single person. To make matters more difficult, there were 120 controls that the astronaut had to deal with. wikipedia

7 Mercury Capsule payload specialist

8 Gemini Missions (1965 – 1966) payload specialist “To subject man and equipment to space flight up to two weeks in duration. To rendezvous and dock with orbiting vehicles and to maneuver the docked combination by using the target vehicle's propulsion system; To perfect methods of entering the atmosphere and landing at a preselected point on land. Its goals were also met, with the exception of a land landing, which was cancelled in 1964.”

9 Apollo Missions payload specialist Earth & Lunar Orbital Missions Lunar Landing Missions APOLLO 1APOLLO 1**APOLLO 11 APOLLO 7APOLLO 12 APOLLO 8APOLLO 13APOLLO 13* APOLLO 9APOLLO 14 APOLLO 10APOLLO 15 APOLLO 16 APOLLO 17 Preparing for the Moon In Greek mythology, Artemis and Apollo were twin brother and sister. Artemis was the Goddess of the Moon.

10 Apollo 1 Disaster payload specialist On January 27, 1967, the crew of Apollo 1 was lost in a cabin fire on the launch pad. Edward White, Virgil (Gus) Grissom, and Roger Chaffee

11 Mission Outline

12 Various Orbits Earth Orbit Insertion Trans-Lunar Orbit Insertion Earth Orbit Lunar Orbit Insertion


14 Apollo 11: First Moon Landing payload specialist Neil Armstrong First person to walk on the Moon Buzz Aldrin Second person to walk on the Moon Michael Collins Stayed in orbit in the Command Module

15 Apollo Landing Missions payload specialist Apollo 11Mare Tranquillitatis (Sea of Tranquility)July 20, 1969 Neil A. Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, Michael Collins Apollo 12Oceanus Procellarum (Ocean of Storms) Nov 19, 1969 Charles Conrad, Jr., Alan Bean, Richard Gordon Apollo 13Did Not landApril 1970 James A. Lovell, Jr., Fred W. Haise, Jr., John L. Swigert, Jr. Apollo 14Fra MauroFeb 5, 1971 Alan B. Shepard, Jr., Edgar D. Mitchel, Stuart A. Roosa Apollo 15Hadley Rille/Apennine MountainsJuly 30, 1971 David R. Scott, James B. Irwin, Alfred M. Worden Apollo 16Descartes HighlandsApril 21, 1972 John W. Young, Charles M. Duke, Jr., Thomas K. Mattingly Apollo 17Taurus-LittrowDec 11, 1972 Eugene A. Cernan, Harrison H. Schmitt, Ronald E. Evans

16 Apollo Patches payload specialist

17 Anatomy of the Saturn V The Saturn V is a 360 ft tall three-stage rocket.

18 Mission Outline

19 Launch Remember that the Saturn V is HUGE!

20 Jettisoning Stages As the fuel for each stage runs out, the stage is jettisoned so they do not have to carry it into orbit.

21 First Stage (S-1C) Engines: 5 Rocketdyne F-1 Thrust: 34.02 MN (7,648,000 lb) Burn time: 150 seconds Fuel: RP-1/LOX

22 F-1 Engine

23 First Stage Separates

24 Second Stage

25 Mission Outline

26 Third Stage Command Module (CM)Lunar Module (LM)

27 Mission Outline

28 Separation, Transposition and Docking

29 Mission Outline

30 Lunar Module and Command Module Command Module (CM) stays in orbit around the Moon (one person doesn’t get to walk on the Moon). Lunar Module (LM) lands on the Moon.

31 Mission Outline

32 Descent

33 Landed

34 Exploration

35 Mission Outline

36 Ascent

37 Mission Outline

38 Rendezvous Lunar Module (LM) Command Module (CM)

39 Mission Outline

40 Splashdown

41 Recovery

42 Mission Outline

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