2 I. HOW DID EUROPE CHANGE AFTER THE FALL OF ROME? No longer any one centralized governmentCollection of small, independent kingdoms (diffused)No national taxes no armyNo unified system of laws or enforcement of them2. The Economy DeclinedNo protection of trade routes local marketsRoads deteriorated cities disappearedBarter replaced money
4 STOP!Activity: (2 minutes) Draw a model or graphic representation that clearly shows the difference between a centralized type of government and a decentralized form of government. Share with your neighbor when finished.
5 HOW DID EUROPE CHANGE AFTER THE FALL OF ROME? (Cont.) 3. Culture/Learning DeclinedNecessity of survival more impt. than cultureSchools, libraries, etc. disappearPeople become illiterate 4. Power of Catholic Church increasedOnly unifying force in EuropePope becomes political as well as spiritual leader
6 II. WHO WAS CHARLEMAGNE AND WHAT DID HE DO? Leader of the Franks (Germanic tribe in France)Revived part of the Roman Empire for short timeAccomplishments:Encouraged learning/literacyUnified Empire with uniform set of lawsProvided protection from enemy invadersForged alliance with Catholic Church 1st “Holy Roman Emperor” since fall of RomeEmpire disintegrated after his death- approx. 800 AD
8 III. WHO WERE THE VIKINGS AND WHAT EFFECT DID THEY HAVE ON EUROPE? Invaders from Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, & Denmark)Desirous of wealth of old Roman EmpireSurprise attacks on Europe down through MediterraneanPressured Europe to develop ways to protect themselves
10 STOP!STOP!Activity: (4 min)Choose ONE partner to complete this activity with.Here’s the deal: You have land and people. You need a way to protect and feed them.Create a social system that offers its people order, protection and food with no strong government or money.
11 IV. WHAT WAS FEUDALISM AND HOW DID IT WORK? Political and economic system of Middle Ages to provide protectionSystem of mutual obligation (give something/get something)… homageLord grants fief to vassalVassal owes Lord military serviceEconomyLord provides peasant with land, seed, implements & protectionPeasant provides labor & portion of crops