Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

9.1 Transforming the Roman World & The Feudal System

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "9.1 Transforming the Roman World & The Feudal System"— Presentation transcript:

1 9.1 Transforming the Roman World & The Feudal System
3.02 Describe events in Western Europe from the fall of Rome to the emergence of nation-states and analyze the impact of these events on economic, political, and social life in medieval Europe.

2 New Germanic Kingdoms Began to move into Roman Empire by 3rd century
Eventually excluded Romans from holding power in Western Roman Empire In Britain the Angle and Saxons took control of the area


4 The Franks Part of modern day France & western Germany
Established by Clovis Became one of first Germanic rulers to convert to Christianity Kingdom divided by his sons after his death

5 Germanic Family Structures
Extended family was important in Germanic society Worked land together Passed it down to future generations Provided needed protection

6 Wergild The Germans devised a legal system based on a fine called a wergild Wergild was paid by the wrongdoer to the victim’s family The value of the fine varied according to social status It cost more to commit an offense against a noble than a slave.

7 Ordeal A system to establish guilt or innocence through a physical trial Was based on the belief in divine intervention.

8 The Organization of the Church
By the end of the fourth century, Christianity had become the dominant religion of the Roman Empire, and the Church developed a system of organization.

9 The Organization of the Church
Pope Archbishop Bishopric (led by Bishop) Parish (led by Priest)

10 Monks Monks became Christian heroes in the new European civilization
Provided religious and moral leadership Became the missionaries that converted Western Europe to Catholicism By 1050, most of Western Europe was Catholic.


12 Nuns Women could become nuns and live in convents, which were headed by abbesses

13 The Carolingian Empire
Pépin Chief officer of the Frankish kingdom Assumed the kingship for himself Son was Charles the Great. Charles the Great/Charlemagne Intelligent leader and fierce warrior Expanded the Frankish kingdom Created the Carolingian Empire.



16 The Carolingian Empire
The Carolingian Empire was the largest European empire in history at the time. 800 - Charlemagne was crowned emperor of the Roman Empire by the pope This symbolized the joining of Roman, Germanic, and Christian elements.

17 The End of the Carolingian Empire
After Charlemagne’s death in 814, Europe was invaded by foreign powers Muslims attacked Southern Europe and France in the ninth and tenth centuries. At the end of the ninth century, Magyars settled in the plains of Hungary and attacked central Europe.


19 The End of the Carolingian Empire
Most devastating attacks came from the Vikings Used longboats that enabled them to attack towns and villages far from the coast. Frankish rulers gave the Vikings land in Normandy Converted the Norsemen to Christianity The Vikings were made a part of European civilization.

20 The Development of Feudalism
As a result of invasions, the people of Western Europe turned to local lords for protection. This led to a social and political system known as feudalism


22 Vassals Men who served a lord in a military capacity.

23 Knights Came to dominate European warfare for nearly 500 years.
Had a high degree of social prestige Formed the backbone of European aristocracy.

24 The Feudal Contract Vassals swore allegiance to a lord
In turn, the vassal was given a fief and political control of it The lord and vassal relationship came to be characterized by a set of unwritten rules known as the feudal contract Vassals had to perform military service and the lord had to provide land and protection

25 Feudal Society Nobles and knights attended tournaments where the knights would demonstrate their fighting skills. Influenced by the Catholic Church, nobles and knights began to follow an idealized code of ethics called chivalry

26 Feudal Society Lower-class women had few rights, but aristocratic women had opportunities to play important roles. The lady of the castle supervised affairs for her husband’s absence travel or war. Eleanor of Aquitaine was an influential woman who was married to the king of France, and later to the king of England

27 VOCABULARY WORDS!!! 1. ordeal: a means of determining guilt in Germanic law, based on the idea of divine intervention; if the accused person was unharmed after a physical trial, he or she was presumed innocent

28 VOCABULARY WORDS!!! 2. Pope - the bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church

29 VOCABULARY WORDS!!! 3. Feudalism - political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages when royal governments were no longer able to defend their subjects; nobles offered protection and land in return for service

30 VOCABULARY WORDS!!! 4. Chivalry - in the Middle Ages, the ideal of civilized behavior that developed among the nobility; it was a code of ethics that knights were supposed to uphold

31 Videos Knights: Life in Medieval Europe Celtic Legend

Download ppt "9.1 Transforming the Roman World & The Feudal System"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google