Presentation on theme: "Everything is Rhetorical"— Presentation transcript:
1 Everything is Rhetorical “ the faculty of observing in any given case the available means of persuasion."Everything is RhetoricalBy Dianna TrangGrapevine High SchoolGrapevine, TXCreated by Dianna Trang, Grapevine High School
2 Isn’t everything rhetorical? What are the inherent communications here? HairstylesClothesFingernails (!)HandbagsSpecs
3 Aristotle’s Rhetorical Triangle LogosCommunication is a three-sided relationship… each point of the triangle:influences the others.Carries some responsibility for the success of the communication.corresponds with one of Aristotle’s three appeals: logos, ethos, and pathos.is influenced by the context of the communication. EthosPathoshttp//:
4 Logos (literally “word”; also understood as “topic”) What are the facts?DataExpert testimonyStatisticsEye WitnessTestimonialsEvidenceLogical Reasoning: Induction and Deduction
5 Ethos (“character”)Convincing the reader by the character of the author:Conveyed through tone and style of writer.Can be based on the writer’s reputation, experience, or expertise.Can be based on the writer’s integrity and honesty.Can be revealed through writer’s respectability and likeability.From :
6 Pathos (literally means “suffering”) Affects the reader’s emotional response to the text:Attempts to play on our needs, desires, fears, and insecurities.Appeals to our “imagination and sympathies.”Created through use of vivid examples and emotionally charged diction.Uses narrative and personal anecdote.From :
8 Text Subject--Logos Writer--Ethos Reader--Pathos How does the subject affectthe writer?How does the subjectaffect the reader?How does the writeraffect the subject?How does thereader affectthe subject?TextReader--PathosWriter--EthosHow does the readeraffect the writer?How does the writeraffect the reader??
9 Joliffe’s Rhetorical Framework Design What happened that may have made the writer to want to write this?ExigenceExigenceWhom may the author had in mindwhen writing this piece?AudiencePurposeWhat might the writer behoping to accomplish?With what evidence does the writerto prove his claim or thesis?LogosHow does the writer create an emotional response inthe reader?Is the writercredible?ToneEthosPathosOrganization/Structure/FormDictionSyntaxImageryFigurativeLanguage
10 ExigenceTry to think of what may have been the reason for the writer to sit down and write the piece you are reading.When you write an essay, the exigence is the teacher is making you or you want a good grade to pass the class.What are other reason for writing something?A shopping list?A poem? A biography? An editorial?
11 AudienceTry to keep in mind who the ORIGINAL audience for the piece was .Think for a minute:Whom were the Gospels written for?Who was the Declaration of Independence written for?
12 Purpose What is the writer hoping to achieve by writing this document? Are there any consequences that might occur because of this writing?Think about:A shopping listA short storyA speechA poemAn editorial in the newspaper
13 ToneIs created through use of logos, pathos and ethos, which are created through facts, word choices, sentence structure, figurative language, and appeals to our senses.
14 Organization/Structure/Form Is it in chronological order or spatial order?Is there any organization?Are there paragraphs or not?Are the paragraphs long or short or a combination thereof?Is it a letter? A memo? An article? An essay? A narrative?
15 Diction Is about the words a writer chooses to use Considers the connotation of a word (emotional associations we have with words) versus the denotation of a word (the literal meaning of a word)Example: svelte/skinny/scrawny;striking/flamboyant; to die/to pass on
16 Syntax Identifies and analyzes sentence structure. Look for long sentences versus short.Long sentences explain.Short sentences declare facts (or try to)Rhetorical questions and fragmentsSchemes:Anaphora (I came, I saw. I conquered.)Asyndeton (He was a winner, a hero)Polysyndeton ( I laughed and played and talked and flunked.)Created by Dianna Trang, Grapevine High School
17 Imagery From Earnest Hemingway’s “Three Day Blow” : "The rain stopped as Nick turned into the road that went up through the orchard. The fruit had been picked and the fall wind blew through the bare trees"(205).Imagery appeals to your senses to make the scene more vivid, alive, and real.
18 Figurative Language Tropes such as: Metaphor: My love is a red, red rose.Simile: This is as exciting as dirt.Synecdoche: 60 eyes watched the teacher.Metonymy: The White House announced. . .Personification: The wind whispered secrets.Hyperbole: I’m so hungry I could eat a horse.And many more