2We know King George III of England angered the colonists. He required the colonists to keep British soldiers in their homes for free.He required the colonists to pay high taxes.He did not let the colonists have self-government.
3So the colonists declared their independence. The men who led the country to independence are called Founding Fathers.
4Thomas Jefferson is a Founding Father Thomas Jefferson is a Founding Father. He wrote the Declaration of Independence. The colonies adopted it on July 4, 1776.
5George Washington is a Founding Father. Washington led the American army fighting the British.
6Washington was also the first President of the United States. He is called the “Father of Our Country.”
7As free people, Americans had to set up a government. The Founding Fathers wrote the U.S. Constitution in 1787 at the Constitutional Convention.
8To encourage people to vote for (ratify) the Constitution, New York newspapers printed a series of 85 essays We call these essays the Federalist Papers.
9(“Publius” is a senator in Shakepeare’s play “Julius Caesar.”) Nobody knew who was writing the Federalist Papers. The essays had the signature “Publius.”(“Publius” is a senator in Shakepeare’s play “Julius Caesar.”)
10Today we know that “Publius” was three Founding Fathers: John Jay (President of the Continental Congress and first Chief Justice of the United States, Jay wrote 5 of the essays.)Alexander Hamilton (First United States Secretary of the Treasury, Hamilton wrote 52 of the essays.)James Madison (Fourth President of the United States, Madison wrote 28 of the essays.)
11Benjamin Franklin is one of the most amazing Founding Fathers. Franklin was the oldest member of the Constitutional Convention.
12He was the first Postmaster General of the United States.
13He was the first American Diplomat. He went to France. He got France to support America in her fight for independence from Britain.
14He wrote “Poor Richard’s Almanac He wrote “Poor Richard’s Almanac.” His almanac had a calendar, weather predictions, Franklin’s own wise sayings, and astrological signs.Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise Benjamin Franklin
16the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and The Founding Fathers established the important principles of American democracy inthe Declaration of Independence,the Constitution, andthe Bill of Rights.
17In the next lesson, we will see how the United States faced new problems in the 1800s.