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Alcohol politics and alcohol lobby in Germany EUCAM Conference on Alcohol Marketing in Europe Amsterdam, 25. and 26. November 2010 Walter Farke (MPH)

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Presentation on theme: "Alcohol politics and alcohol lobby in Germany EUCAM Conference on Alcohol Marketing in Europe Amsterdam, 25. and 26. November 2010 Walter Farke (MPH)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Alcohol politics and alcohol lobby in Germany EUCAM Conference on Alcohol Marketing in Europe Amsterdam, 25. and 26. November 2010 Walter Farke (MPH)

2 Regulation of Alcohol Marketing and Alcohol Advertising

3 Statutory and Non-Statutory Regulations Federal Protection of Minors Act: Statutory Commercials and advertising in movie performances Alcohol and tobacco products Interstate Treaty for Protection of Minors from Unsuitable Media Content: Statutory Radio, television, internet Alcoholic beverages in general Code of Conduct on Commercial Communication for Alcoholic beverages: Non-statutory Commercial communication Alcoholic beverages in general Source: STAP, 2007

4 Peculiarities in Germany German Winefunds (Deutscher Weinfonds) is responsible for the promotion of the quality of German wine and the marketing of German wine is linked to Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and consumer Protection is financed by wine-growers (depends on the size of their acreage or produced amounts of wine) annual income 10 Million Euros on average the winefunds financed public relations activities, campaigns in the print media, brochures, etc.

5 Expenses for advertising of different alcoholic beverages in Million Euro in Germany Source: Nielsen Media Research GmbH 2009

6 Current situation Alcohol Marketing

7 In the opinion of the Federal Drug Commissioner an alcohol advertising ban is not necessary Alcohol and advertising industries is strictly against any statutory regulations on alcohol marketing and stress the maintenance of the existing legislation Brewers drew up guidelines for resonsible sponsorship Alcohol industries promote the positive aspects of their products (e.g. health impact) Alcohol industries launched several education campaigns on different issues (e.g. family based programmes) Alcohol industries tries permanently disprove existing evidence of the impact of alcohol advertising on young people Current Activities and Opinions

8 Legislative conditions of political decision making processes

9 The process of a legislative initiative in Germany Source: Deutscher Bundestag 2007 Federal Government Mediation Committee

10 The federalist system in Germany has to take in consideration! the Federal Government enacts legislation and the governments of the Laender have to carry out them; the governments of the Laender could legislate without any agreement by Federal Government (e.g. school); Bundesrat is a federal body

11 Political role of the Federal Drug Commissioner The Federal Drug Commissioner... is directly linked to the Ministry of Health; has no political power, e.g. is not allowed to attend conferences or meetings of the Federal Government, in which alcohol policy issues are discussed; is responsible for the coordination of drug, alcohol and tobacco policy

12 Example of successful lobbying by the alcohol & advertising industries

13 Players in Alcohol Policy in Germany Federal Government Parliament Council Ministries of Health, etc. 14 Laender (16) NGOs on Health, especially on addiction Issues, NGOs which are not directly linked to the alcohol issue Industries: Brewers, Wine producers, Spirits industry, Retailers, Advertising, Catering, Newspaper publishers, etc. Organisations of sports

14 The Federal Drug Commissioner ask the Drug- and Addiction- Council to develope a National action programme for Alcohol-Prevention! A selection of objectives of the programme: reduction of the per capita consumption of alcohol from 10 to 8 litres pure alcohol no availability of alcohol for young people alcohol advertising ban in TV and cinemas before 8 p.m. alcohol sponsorship ban for sports clubs (no shirt ads or ads in the sports arenas) lowering of the BAC level from 0.5 to 0.3 and on long-term 0.0 Starting Point Source: Blasberg & Pletter 2010

15 Consent to the programme by the majority of the Ministers in the cabinet. This is necessary, if laws should be developed, modified or changed. General objective

16 Leading player: Bavarian Brewer Association Examination of the draft of the Alcohol Action Programme Refutation of the evidence of the paper Drawing up a manifesto Answer of the Alcohol Industries Source: Blasberg & Pletter 2010

17 The manifesto was sent to the following partners: Chamber of Industry and Commerce, Hotel and Restaurant trade, Brewers associations, Retailers, Association of the Newspapers Publisher, Association of Advertising, Association for petrol stations, Spirits Industry, German Football League (DFL) and other sports associations Afterwards the manifesto was sent to the technical departments of the federal state parliament in Bavaria! Coalition building Source: Blasberg & Pletter 2010

18 One of the governing parties (CSU) invite the represenative of the leading player to consultations. The German Football Association put pressure on the Federal Drug Commissioner to delete the sponsorship ban out of the paper. The Federal Drug Commissioner conducted a hearing for all relevant stakeholders, afterwards the Brewers Association and the ZAW are invited for special hearings in the Ministry of Health Effective Lobbying, Part I Source: Blasberg & Pletter 2010

19 The Federal Ministry for Economics examined the paper of the FDC and asked representatives of different industries, eg. Advertising, Brewers, etc.; the FDC was critized because the paper did not show the consideration of the affected industries; the Ministry for Economics stressed that they prefer self-regulation instead of new legislative restrictions, this statement was in the line with the current Media- and Communication report of the Federal Government; The Ministry for Economics wanted also to change the general objective of the paper: Reduction of the risky alcohol consumption and alcohol abuse instead of the general reduction of the alcohol consumption Next Step: The way through the Ministries Source: Blasberg & Pletter 2010

20 After the examinations by the different Ministries only couple of measures survived. The whole paper was watered down! Most of the policy measures are deleted. Educational measures are highlighted. Afterwards the Federal Government refused to concern themselves with the Alcohol Action programme. Reason: The Program contains not an innovative overall concept Effective Lobbying, Part II Source: Blasberg & Pletter 2010

21 Conclusions and Questions

22 Lobbying by NGOs is rare (parliament, ministries) Alcohol industries and related industries have good relationsships to the relevant ministries Alcohol industries and related industries own economic power alcohol policy by relevant NGOs is very focussed on the activities of the Ministry of Health or Ministry of Family, Seniors, Women and Youth a lack of jurists within the NGOs coalition building could be improved among NGOs most of the NGOs have limited resources for the alcohol policy business Conclusions

23 Should NGOs on alcohol policy use jurists to secure their actions and arguments, especially on alcohol marketing? Should NGOs use professional lobbyists? Should it be effective to found an independent platform for NGOs, which takes action on alcohol policy issues? In which way should NGOs cooperate with the alcohol industries and related industries on national level? How should NGOs communicate their objectives to the whole population to raise awareness on the facts of alcohol related harm ? Some questions

24 Thank you for your attention! Contact:Walter Farke (MPH) Phone: /

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