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INSPIRE Hans Dufourmont Eurostat D-2 Regional Indicators & Geographical Information 12 September 2006.

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Presentation on theme: "INSPIRE Hans Dufourmont Eurostat D-2 Regional Indicators & Geographical Information 12 September 2006."— Presentation transcript:

1 INSPIRE Hans Dufourmont Eurostat D-2 Regional Indicators & Geographical Information 12 September 2006

2 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 2 DG ENV COGI Main Commission DGs (AGRI, TREN, REGIO, FISH, INFSO, …) INSPIRE Expert Group Member States Environmental and geographic information ministries, Accession countries, Regions, EFTA Countries, Umbrella organisations, ETC/TE… The INSPIRE driving forces

3 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 3 Presentation outline Why setting up INSPIRE ? What are the objectives? Legislative process ? How will INSPIRE work ? Questions ? (Annex: summary of provisions)

4 INSPIRE Why setting up INSPIRE ?

5 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 5 European data ? we have islands of data of different standards and quality...

6 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 6 Google Earth…

7 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 7 Poor geometry

8 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 8 Maintenance

9 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 9 Content availability

10 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 10 Cross Border continuity

11 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 11

12 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 12 WFD Reporting

13 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 13 WFD Reporting

14 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 14 Lack of use of standards incompatible information incompatible information systems fragmentation of information redundancy Lack of co-ordination across borders between levels of government Lack of data Lack of infrastructure Data policy restrictions pricing, copyright, access rights, licensing policy European data ? Well,…

15 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 15 One Stop Geo-Portal CGDI GeoConnections The global context

16 INSPIRE What are the objectives ?

17 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 17 INSPIRE principles Data should be collected once and maintained at the level where this can be done most effectively It should be possible to combine seamless spatial information from different sources across Europe and share it between many users and application It should be possible for information collected at one level to be shared between all the different levels, detailed for detailed investigations, general for strategic purposes It should be easy to discover which geographic information is available, fits the needs for a particular use and under which conditions it can be acquired and used Geographic data should become easy to understand and interpret because it can be visualised within the appropriate context selected in a user-friendly way

18 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 18 INSPIRE objectives Make relevant, harmonised spatial data available for Community Environmental Policy (formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation - Art. 175(1)) and for the citizen... … through the establishment of integrated spatial information services, based upon a distributed network of databases, linked by common standards and protocols to ensure compatibility.

19 INSPIRE Legislative process

20 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 20 Co-decision procedure

21 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 21 Status after first reading EP first reading opinion adopted 7 June 2005generally acceptable for the Commission Commission and Council not able to agree at first reading Unanimous political agreement reached in Council on 24 June 2005, without support of Commission Four MSs expressed similar concerns to Commission

22 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 22 Key points of disagreement Procedure for adopting implementing rules on interoperability; uniform application Public access to data: free-of-charge view services; IPR as ground for limiting access Sharing between public authorities: need to ensure charging and licensing practices compatible with this overall objective

23 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 23 Latest news EP 2nd reading amendments adopted 13 June amendments in total Many amendments address issues of concern raised by Commission on Common Position Commission accepts 30 amendments in full, 5 amendments in principle or in part, does not accept 1 amendment

24 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 24 Next steps Council has four months to react to EP amendments First WP meeting last Friday 8/9 Conciliation procedure follows Agreement must be found by end of 2006 Formal conciliation to be avoided.

25 INSPIRE How will it work ?

26 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 26 GI Institutional framework GI technical standards Spatial Information Services Basis GI data sets ESDI Concept

27 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 27 Implementing Rules Implementing Rules for the creation and up-dating of the metadata Implementing Rules for network services Implementing Rules on third parties use of the upload services Implementing Rules for monitoring and reporting Implementing Rules governing access and rights of use to spatial data sets and services for Community institutions and bodies Implementing Rules for the use of spatial data sets and services by third parties, by 2009 Implementing Rules for harmonised spatial data specifications of Annex I and for the exchange of Annex I, II and III spatial data, by 2009

28 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 28 Spatial data involved Annex I data Co-ordinate reference system Geographical grid system Geographical names Administrative units Transport networks Hydrography Protected sites Annex II data Elevation Identifiers of properties Cadastral parcels Land cover Ortho-imagery Geology Annex III data Statistical units Buildings Soil Land use Human health & safety Utility & governm. Serv. Environm. Monitor. Fac. Production & industrial fac. Agricultural & aquacultur. Fac. Population distribution - demography Area management/ restriction/regulation zones & reporting units …

29 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 29 The Actors Drafting Teams (DT) Consolidation Team (CT) Legally Mandated Organizations (LMO) (public authorities, institutions and bodies with a legal mandate to set up and run one or more components of national or regional SDIs) Spatial Data Interest Communities (SDIC) CT-DT

30 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 30 Data Discovery : Metadata & Metadata Service Using keywords: categories, providers types, scales, geographical coordinates, place names, …

31 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 31 Status DT-metadata No real surprises Primarily: ISO / ISO And also DC No other standards but we have to keep the way open for future new standards Secondarily: CEN European core for discovery OGC, 2005, OpenGIS ® Catalogue Services Specification 2.0 OGC, 2005, ISO19115/ISO Application Profile for CSW 2.0

32 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 32 Approach metadata Level 1 Discov ery Level 2 Evaluation Metadata on metadata Mandat ory/Con ditional Optiona l Soil 1) Agricultural and aquaculture facilities Natural risk zones Habitats and biotopes Clause 6.3 Clause 6.4 Clause 7 Clause 6.4 Conditi onal Clause 5 Use Clause 8 Data speci- fication s

33 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 33 Geometric consistency High level semantic and logical consistency Topological consistency Semantic consistency Logical consistency Levels of spatial data harmonisation

34 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information Reference model 1. INSPIRE Information Model 1.7 Object referencing modelling 1.6 Coordinate refe- rencing and units model 1.1 INSPIRE Principles 2. Operational components/registers 3. Guidelines & Best Practice 2.2 Terminology 1.3 Application Schemas 2.1 Identifier Management 2.4 Dictionaries 1.8 Data translation model/guidelines 2.3 Feature catalogues 2.5 Conformance 1.4 ISO Profile 1.5 Multi-lingual text and cultural adaptibility 3.1 Metadata 3.2 Maintenance 3.3 Quality 3.4 Data Transfer 3.5 Derived re- porting & multiple representations 1.9 Portrayal model 3.6 Consistency between data 3.7 Data capturing These components apply to all types of spatial data including vector and coverage data (note that coverages are features, too). For the different spatial representation types, the components will in general be different. Focus on generic aspects / priority components Status DT- Data Specifications

35 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 35 DT-DS: planning DeliverableTarget date 1) D 2.3: Scope and Definition of Annex I/II/III ThemesMay 2006 D 2.5: Generic Conceptual Model (first draft)July 2006 D 2.6: Methodologies for data specifications (first draft) November 2006 D 2.7: Implementing rules for exchange of spatial data (first draft) November 2006 Priority in 2006: creating the foundation for data specifications and developing a methodology

36 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 36 Interoperable spatial data services Service #1 Service #2 Service #3 Service #4 Service #n o.s. backup The architecture, core services and ontologies enable the migration of legacy systems into networked services Legacy systems Service #5Service #6Service #7

37 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 37 Status DT Network Services Detailed definition of INSPIRE network services The clarification of scope and detailed definition have been done for: A reference model, including horizontal services (UAA, DRM, e-commerce), Discovery and upload services, View services Analysis of reference material from SDICs/LMOs More than 100 documents and projects relating to network services A template to help evaluation has been defined A part of the reference material has been analysed

38 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 38 Data policy issues Data sharing To create a framework for data sharing amongst public authorities for the performance of public tasks

39 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 39 Status DT Data & Service Sharing Provisional terms and definitions Already defined in the INSPIRE Common Position or in other Directives (e.g: spatial data, public task) Relevant but not defined so needing working definition (e.g: licence) Relevant but dependent upon the political process (e.g. obstacle, point of use) final INSPIRE Directive Categories for collecting user requirements e.g.: Types of data Types of services Types of user Rights of use, types of usage Procedure License model preferred

40 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 40 Phases & Functions Trans- actional Access Access Control Terms-of-Use Pricing & Ordering other (Umbrella) Top level agreement [Other]Free & ToU Access x Free & Direct Access x x x x x

41 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 41 Status DT Monitoring & Reporting Guidelines for defining indicators Goals of the directive Who will use the indicators? Characteristics of indicators? Automatic tools? Analysis of the directive First draft of list of indicators

42 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 42 Example: Sharing Indicators Objective : Enabling data-sharing between public authorities for environment purposes Draft indicators : Accessibility (who can use data sets) Number of public authorities (International/ European/ National/ Regional/ Local) with arrangements (agreements, laws, …) to access data sets (annexes I, II, III) Usability What can be done with data sets? For free or with fees? Other? Automated information from Metadata : restriction of use (security), constraints (legal conditions)

43 INSPIRE Benefits ?

44 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 44 Examples of economic benefits: A20 Mecklenburg – Vorpommern High unemployment rate Low GDP Objective 1 region Accessibility by road

45 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 45 Communes with an improved acces to the road network thanks to the A20

46 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 46 Spatial Distributions on the fly

47 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 47

48 INSPIRE Questions are welcome !

49 INSPIRE Annex: Provisions foreseen in the proposal for a Directive

50 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 50 I - general provisions Establish an infrastructure for spatial information in the EU to support: environmental policies and policies that directly or indirectly affect the environment, Based on infrastructures of the Member States that include metadata, spatial data sets and services; network services; agreements on sharing, access and use; and co-ordination and monitoring mechanisms, processes and procedures.

51 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 51 I - general provisions What is covered ? spatial data related to EU territory, in electronic format, public sector data, covers themes in annex I, II and III. (provisions for third party data - but always subject to third party consent) spatial data services for those spatial data

52 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 52 II - metadata Establishment of catalogues for spatial data and for services Progressive implementation until 6 years after entry into force of Directive Metadata is the fuel of the search engine to the spatial information

53 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 53 III - interoperability Harmonised spatial data specifications the key to solving problems with data inconsistency adopted through comitology more stringent for Annex I and II than for Annex III earlier for Annex I than for Annex II and III (Arrangements for the exchange of spatial data)

54 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 54 III - interoperability Harmonised spatial data specifications Common system of unique identifiers for spatial objects Relationship between spatial objects Key attributes and multilingual thesauri How to exchange the temporal dimension of data Updates exchange Consistency between items referring to the same location Consistency between information referring to the same object at different scales Implementing rules by 2 years after entry into force for Annex I Implementing rules by 5 years after entry into force for Annex II, III 2 years after adoption of the implementing rules: new or updated spatial data must be compliant

55 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 55 IV - network services discovery services (free of charge); view services (free of charge); download services; transformation services; services to invoke spatial data services

56 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 56 IV - network services Network services are the window to INSPIRE Community Geo-portal, in addition to national access points Various derogations confidentiality if provided by law public security and national defence, course of justice, confidentiality, protection of the environment etc… Services can run on top of existing systems: no need to replace them!

57 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 57 V - data sharing and re use For public authorities: barrier-free sharing of spatial data sets and services… for public tasks that may have a direct or indirect impact on the environment. access of institutions and bodies of the Community ( For third parties: Implementing Rules to reduce barriers for re- use to be adopted by comitology)

58 ESTAT - D2 Regional Indicators and Geographical Information 58 VI - co-ordination and complementary measures Co-ordination at Member State level: to be organised by the MS, should include users, producers, added-value service providers and co-ordinating bodies Co-ordination at EU level: by Commission with support of EEA Implementation of many measures supported by Implementing Rules adopted by Comitology


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