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Ecdc.europa.eu Bologna Process Development of Qualifications Frameworks Meeting of National correspondents Strasbourg, 9-10 November 2009.

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Presentation on theme: "Ecdc.europa.eu Bologna Process Development of Qualifications Frameworks Meeting of National correspondents Strasbourg, 9-10 November 2009."— Presentation transcript:

1 ecdc.europa.eu Bologna Process Development of Qualifications Frameworks Meeting of National correspondents Strasbourg, 9-10 November 2009

2 ecdc.europa.eu Developments in the European qualifications framework for lifelong learning Carlo Scatoli DG Education and Culture

3 is a regional meta-framework linking national qualifications frameworks or systems through levels descriptors of learning outcomes not related to a specific structure of the education and training systems. The European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning

4 * a meta-framework * to connect, but not to merge nor reform… …the national education and training systems …the national qualifications systems and frameworks National competences EU initiative The European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning is

5 EQF : a meta-framework for mobility EQF will make qualifications easier to understand, appreciate and compare, and possibly to recognise, helping people move across countries and across sectors, in the European labour market and lifelong learning area. Strong demand from social partners

6 EQF : a meta-framework for lifelong learning EQF covers all levels of qualifications, facilitates gateways between subsystems of education and training, promotes validation of non formal learning. EQF adopts and promotes the use of learning outcomes, a radical change of attitude in many education and training systems.

7 What a learner knows, understands or is able to do at the end of a learning process The adoption of learning outcomes, as opposed to formal features to define qualifications, is essential for qualifications frameworks and meta-frameworks EQF – Learning outcomes

8 EQF - Structure A grid of descriptors defining 8 levels of qualification in terms of learning outcomes related to knowledge, skills, competence

9 EQF - Structure In the context of the EQF, Knowledge is described as theoretical and/or factual Skills are described as cognitive (involving the use of logical, intuitive and creative thinking) and practical (involving manual dexterity and the use of methods, materials, tools and instruments). Competence is described in terms of responsibility and autonomy.

10 KnowledgeSkillsCompetence LEVEL5LEVEL5 comprehensive, specialised, factual and theoretical knowledge within a field of work or study and an awareness of the boundaries of that knowledge a comprehensive range of cognitive and practical skills required to develop creative solutions to abstract problems exercise management and supervision in contexts of work or study activities where there is unpredictable change review and develop performance of self and others Example: EQF level 5

11 KnowledgeSkillsCompetence LEVEL6LEVEL6 advanced knowledge of a field of work or study, involving a critical understanding of theories and principles advanced skills, demonstrating mastery and innovation, required to solve complex and unpredictable problems in a specialised field of work or study - manage complex technical or professional activities or projects, taking responsibility for decision-making in unpredictable work or study contexts - take responsibility for managing professional development of individuals and groups Example: EQF level 6

12 The EQF process Member States are recommended to: Relate their national qualifications systems to the EQF by 2010 by referencing, in a transparent manner, their qualifications levels to the EQF levels

13 The EQF process Member States are recommended to: Ensure that all new qualification certificates, by 2012, contain a clear reference – by way of national qualification systems – to the appropriate EQF level

14 The EQF process It is not expressly recommended that Member States set up national qualifications frameworks All Member States are now developing NQFs

15 The EQF process Member States are recommended to: Use an approach based on learning outcomes when defining and describing qualifications Promote the validation of non formal and informal learning Promote and apply principles of quality assurance in education and training

16 EQF – Implementation The EQF Advisory Group – set up by the Commission, provides coherence and transparency The national coordination points – implementation bodies at national level

17 EQF – Implementation The EQF Advisory Group: Representatives of EUR-32 countries, Council of Europe (EHEA), social partners, stakeholders (Eurochambres, EUCIS-LLL, EUA) Many parties concerned

18 The EQF implementation Referencing – through a transparent methodology – is the first task of the national coordination points In particular, the AG has agreed on a set of criteria and procedures for referencing national qualifications to the EQF

19 The EQF implementation Referencing means to decide which EQF level is the closest to a given national level The target is the best fit, rather than the full fit

20 Criteria and procedures in 10 points to ensure that the information made public - is validated by the competent authorities - is relevant and transparent - can be compared - generates trust The EQF implementation Close to the EHA criteria and procedures

21 Peer to peer review Common criteria Common criteria The referencing process Mutual trust EQF is a meta- frame work The EQF implementation

22 22 The process of referencing national qualifications levels to the EQF A national referencing report for each country Criteria & Procedures 9 The EQF implementation

23 23 The process of referencing national qualifications levels to the EQF Irish report finalised and launched on 17 September 2009 Maltese report finalised and launched on 4 November The EQF implementation (Preparatory) work started in all other countries

24 24 Irish EQF referencing report EQF levels EHEA Framework (Bologna) NFQ LevelsNFQ Major Award-types 11Level 1 Certificate 2Level 2 Certificate 23Level 3 Certificate, Junior Certificate 34Level 4 Certificate, Leaving Certificate 45Level 5 Certificate, Leaving Certificate 5Short Cycle within First Cycle 6Advanced Certificate (FET award); Higher Certificate (HET award) 6First Cycle7Ordinary Bachelors Degree 8Honours Bachelor Degree, Higher Diploma 7Second Cycle 9Masters Degree, Post-Graduate Diploma 8Third cycle10Doctoral Degree, Higher Doctorate

25 MQF EQF QF EHEA Referenced to the Maltese EQF and EHEA referencing report

26 26 Maltese EQF and EHEA referencing report - 8 level system which captures the level descriptors of the EQF and the QF-EHEA -1 credit system across the framework - One area of Higher Education representing academic and research degrees as well as Vocational and Professional Degrees.

27 27 16 countries referencing by 2009 or fully on schedule 5 countries not yet able to estimate The EQF implementation 10 countries referencing by still on schedule for 2012 Very provisional information August 2009, next round (Dec 2009) more accurate

28 28 Estimate August Ireland (EIRE) 2009Malta (MT) Final report 2010 France (FR) Belgie (BE) Danmark (DK) Eesti (EE) Luxembourg (LU) Italia (IT) Nederland (NL) Ö sterreich (AT) Portugal (PT) Suomi (FI) United Kingdom (UK) Iceland (IS) Croatia (HR) Turkey (TR) Final report 2011 Ceska Republica (CZ) Deutschland (DE) Ellas (EL Espa ñ a (ES) Latvia (LV) Polska PL Slovenija (SI) Slovensko (SK) Sverige (SE) Norway (NO) Magyarorszag (HU) Kypros (CY) Lithuania (LT) Romania (RO) Bulgaria (BG)

29 29 The EQF context All Member States are setting up (or revising) national qualifications frameworks with a lifelong learning perspective based on learning outcomes

30 30 The EQF context Most are considering 8 levels, one 7 levels (Iceland) some 8 + entry level (UK-England) some 8 with one or two sublevels (Croatia, Slovenia – cf. Ireland) Mapping by Cedefop August Next round EHEA national correspondents to be contacted

31 ecdc.europa.eu Thank you for your attention

32 ecdc.europa.eu EQF – Referencing criteria 1. The responsibilities and/or legal competence of all relevant national bodies involved in the referencing process, including the National Coordination Point, are clearly determined and published by the competent public authorities. Clarity about actors and their role. Cf EHEA Crt 7.

33 ecdc.europa.eu EQF – Referencing criteria 2. There is a clear and demonstrable link between the qualifications levels in the national qualifications framework or system and the level descriptors of the European Qualifications Framework. Cf. EHEA Crt 2.

34 ecdc.europa.eu EQF – Referencing criteria 3. The NQF or system and its qualifications are based on the principle and objective of learning outcomes and linked to arrangements for validation of non-formal and informal learning and, where these exist, to credit systems. The learning outcomes approach is fundamental. Cf. EHEA Crt 3

35 ecdc.europa.eu EQF – Referencing criteria 4. The procedures for inclusion of qualifications in the national qualifications framework or for describing the place of qualifications in the national qualification system are transparent. Transparency is a fundamental requirement. Cf. EHEA Crt 4. (EQF does not require NQF to be established.)

36 ecdc.europa.eu EQF – Referencing criteria 5. The national quality assurance system(s) for education and training refer (s) to the national qualifications framework or system and are consistent with the relevant European principles and guidelines (as indicated in annex 3 of the Recommendation). Cruciality of QA recognised through specific annex to the EQF Recommendation.Cf. EHEA Crt 5.

37 ecdc.europa.eu EQF – Referencing criteria 6. The referencing process shall include the stated agreement of the relevant quality assurance bodies. Completes and specifies EQF Crt 5. Cf. EHEA Prc 2.

38 ecdc.europa.eu EQF – Referencing criteria 7. The referencing process shall involve international experts. Possibly reflecting a variety of stakeholders – it is about generating mutual trust as well as about cooperation. Cf. EHEA Prc 3.

39 ecdc.europa.eu EQF – Referencing criteria 8. The competent national body or bodies shall certify the referencing of the national qualifications framework or system with the EQF. One comprehensive report, setting out the referencing and the evidence supporting it shall be published by the competent national bodies, including the National Coordination Point, and shall address separately each of the criteria. One country, one voice. Important to stress for an overarching framework. Cf. EHEA Prc 4.

40 ecdc.europa.eu EQF – Referencing criteria 9. The official EQF platform shall maintain a public listing of member states that have confirmed that they have completed the referencing process, including links to completed referencing reports. The EQF platform will be managed centrally. Cf. EHEA Prc 5.

41 ecdc.europa.eu EQF – Referencing criteria 10. Following the referencing process, and in line with the timelines set in the Recommendation, all new qualification certificates, diplomas and Europass documents issued by the competent authorities contain a clear reference, by way of national qualifications systems, to the appropriate European Qualifications Framework level. The process is achieved when the outcome indicated by the Recommendation is available – each single qualification is related to the EQF. Cf. EHEA Prc 6.


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