Presentation on theme: "Evolutionary Theory The Theory of Evolution is based on many types of data. Fossil Record Morphological Evidence Embryological Evidence DNA Evidence."— Presentation transcript:
Evolutionary Theory The Theory of Evolution is based on many types of data. Fossil Record Morphological Evidence Embryological Evidence DNA Evidence
Homologous Structures Body parts with the same structures but have different functions
Analogous Structures Body parts with similar functions but with different anatomy (not good evidence)
Vestigial Structures Body parts that are reduced in size and are no longer used Hip bones in snakes have no purpose, but they suggest that snakes evolved from ancestors with hips
Embryological Structures Different species have similar embryos At certain stages of development many animal embryos are difficult to identify
Theories of Evolution Jean Baptiste Lamarck (1744 – 1829) Theory of Acquired Characteristics 1. Living species descended from a common ancestor (True) 2. Acquired characteristics could be passed on to offspring (False) -an acquired trait is one that is not determined by genes. Ex.-birds’ feet, giraffe necks
Charles Darwin Darwin (1809 -1882) Darwin studied many animals but the finches from the Galapagos Islands were of great interest to him.
Finches Finches on different islands had different characteristics. It is thought that a single species from S. America flew to the islands and the different islands caused the finches to evolve.
. Charles Darwin (1830) 1. Overproduction 2. Struggle for existence (survival) 3. Variation 4. Survival of the fittest 5. Natural selection 6. Evolution of new species
Natural Selection The environment selects the most-fit organisms. The environment selects organisms with beneficial traits
Natural Selection Variation exists within a species Among members of a species, traits vary
Natural selection is based on... Non-random survival Albino squirrels Non-random mating Mate selection Woman’s choice Non-random fecundity Production of offspring
Advantageous Traits/Adaptations MIMICRY- advantage gained by copying the appearance of another, more dangerous, species. Ex.- flies and hornets CAMOUFLAGE- advantage gained by blending in w/ surroundings. Ex.- walking stick, tiger, leaf fish, etc.