2 Chapter Twenty: Electric Circuits 20.4 Resistance and Ohm’s Law
3 20.4 ResistanceResistance is the measure of how strongly an object resists current flowing through it.The relationship between electric current and resistance can be compared with water flowing from the open end of a bottle.
4 20.4 ResistanceThe total amount of resistance in a circuit determines the amount of current in the circuit for a given voltage.
5 20.4 Resistance of common objects Every electrical device is designed with a resistor that causes the right amount of current to flow when the device is connected to voltage.
6 20.4 ResistanceElectrical resistance is measured in units called ohms.This unit is abbreviated with the Greek letter omega (Ω).
7 How much current does it draw? Solving ProblemsA toaster oven has a resistance of 12 ohms and is plugged into a 120-volt outlet.How much current does it draw?
8 20.4 Ohm’s LawThe current in a circuit depends on voltage and resistance.Ohm’s law relates current, voltage, and resistance with one formula.
9 20.4 Ohm’s LawIf you know two of the three quantities, you can use Ohm’s law to find the third.
10 Solving Problems Looking for: Given Relationships: Solution …current in ampsGiven…R = 12 ; V = 120 VRelationships:I = VRSolutionI = 120 V12 = 10 A
11 Practice #1How much current is in a circuit that includes a 9-volt battery and a bulb with a resistance of 3 ohms?
12 Practice # 2How much current is in a circuit that includes a 9-volt battery and a bulb with a resistance of 12 ohms?
13 Practice # 5What is the voltage of a circuit with 15 amps of current and toaster with 8 ohms of resistance?
14 Practice # 8How many ohms of resistance must be present in a circuit that has 120 volts and a current of 10 amps?