blog Short for weblog (pronounced we blog, but occasionally spelled web log) is a web-based publication consisting primarily of periodic articles (normally in reverse chronological order). Although most early weblogs were manually updated, tools to automate the maintenance of such sites made them accessible to a much larger population, and the use of some sort of browser-based software is now a typical aspect of "blogging". Also: Blogger, blogoshpere
Notable Library blogs Paper Cuts http://papercuts.tscpl.org/ http://papercuts.tscpl.org/ Ann Arbor District Library http://www.aadl.org http://www.aadl.org Colorado State Publications Library http://cospl.blogspot.com/ http://cospl.blogspot.com/ Travels with the State Librarian http://ksstatelibrarian.blogspot.com/ http://ksstatelibrarian.blogspot.com/
astroturf [astroturfing] pejoratively describes formal public relations projects which deliberately seek to engineer the impression of spontaneous, grassroots behavior a blog that looks like a personal blog, but is really sponsored by a corporation.
splog Spam Blog Any blog whose creator doesnt add any written value, the results of which are plentiful and irrelevant results in search engines. Typically all computer generated and all advertisements. The concept is to force search results and click- throughs leaving to revenue generation Sometimes also refers to comment spam.
Feed (RSS/Atom) Really Simple Syndication (or Rich Site Summary, or RDF Site Summary) a family of XML file formats for web syndication used by (amongst other things) news websites and weblogs. Content is subscribed to, retrieved by, and accessed through the use of an aggregator.
aggregator A software application, webpage or service that collects syndicated content from disparate sources and provides a consolidated view. Aggregators can be Web sites, stand-alone clients, or added to existing programs.
OPML Outline Processor Markup Language An XML format for outlines. Originally developed by Radio UserLand as a native file format for an outliner application, it has since been adopted for other uses, the most common being to exchange lists of RSS feeds between RSS aggregators.
podcast A method of publishing audio broadcasts via the Internet, allowing users to subscribe to a feed of new files (usually MP3s). It became popular in late 2004, largely due to automatic downloading audio onto portable players or personal computers. The Pod comes from the implication that content is transferred to an iPod. However, an iPod, or any other portable device is not required to access podcasts.
open-source Open source describes practices in production and development that promote access to the end product's source materials – typically, their source code. Well-known open-source projects include the Linux OS, the Apache Web server, and the Firefox browser.
XML Extensible Markup Language A W3C-recommended general-purpose markup language for creating special- purpose markup languages. Languages based on XML are defined in a formal way, allowing programs to modify and validate documents in these languages without prior knowledge of their form.
XHTML The reformulation of the HTML markup language to conform to the XML standard XHTML is stricter than HTML and must be valid which allows for more automated processing.
Wi-Fi Wireless Fidelity Wi-Fi was intended to be used for mobile devices and LANs, but is now often used for Internet access. It enables a person with a wireless-enabled computer or personal digital assistant (PDA) to connect to the Internet when in proximity of an access point. The geographical region covered by one or several access points is called a hotspot.
SSID Service Set Identifier In Wi-Fi, a service set identifier (SSID) is a code attached to all packets on a wireless network to identify each packet as part of that network.
WiMax Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access provides up to 50 km (31 miles) of linear service area range and allows users connectivity without a direct line of sight to a base station. The technology also provides shared data rates up to 70 Mbit/s, which, according to WiMAX proponents, is enough bandwidth to simultaneously support more than 60 businesses with T1-type connectivity and well over a thousand homes at 1Mbit/s DSL- level connectivity.
USB Universal Serial Bus Universal in the sense that it replaces parallel, serial, and SCSI ports Allows up to 127 devices to be hooked up to a single computer Devices are designed to be hot swapped
portable apps A portable app is a computer program that you can carry around with you on a portable device and use on any Windows computer. When your USB flash drive, portable hard drive, iPod or other portable device is plugged in, you have access to your software and personal data just as you would on your own PC. And when you unplug, none of your personal data is left behind. www.portableapps.com
IM Instant Messaging A form of real-time communication between two or more people based on typed text. The text is conveyed via computers connected over a network such as the Internet. IM boosts communication and allows easy collaboration. In contrast to e-mails or phone, the parties know whether the peer is available. People are not forced to reply immediately to incoming messages.
Web 2.0 While the old Web was about Web sites, clicks, and eyeballs, the new Web is about communities, participation and peering. As users and computer power multiply, and easy-to-use tools proliferate, the Internet is evolving into a global, living, networked computer that anyone can program. Even the simple act of participating in an online community makes a contribution to the new digital commons – whether ones building a business on Amazon or producing a video clip for YouTube, creating a community around his or her flickr photo collection or editing the astronomy entry on Wikipedia. – Wikinomics, Don Tapscott & Anthony D. Williams
The Social Web Also known as social software and social networking. Allows you to share with your colleagues, friends, family and strangers. Allows you to share your writings, thoughts, videos, music, pictures and more.
MySpace Social networking Web site offering an interactive, user-submitted network of friends, personal profiles, blogs, groups, photos, music, and videos.
flickr An online social photo sharing service One a user uploads a photo then can then give the them titles, descriptions and tags arrange them into sets contribute them to multi-user pools post theirs or others to a blog keep a list of favorite photos leave comments and notes subscribe to photo feeds
wiki A web application that allows users to add content, but also allows anyone to edit the content. The term Wiki also refers to the collaborative software used to create such a website Editing does not require knowledge of (X)HTML
Wikipedia A Web-based, multi-language, free-content encyclopedia written collaboratively by volunteers and sponsored by the non- profit Wikimedia Foundation. It has editions in about 200 different languages and contains entries both on traditional encyclopedic topics and on almanac, gazetteer, and current events topics. Its purpose is to create and distribute a free international encyclopedia in as many languages as possible. Wikipedia contains approximately 1.6 million articles. More than 600,000 of these are in English. Wikipedias volunteers enforce a policy of "neutral point of view" whereby views presented by notable persons or literature are summarized without an attempt to determine an objective truth.
avatar An avatar (sometimes AV, av, or avvie) is an icon or representation of a user. The term is used on MUDs, in computer role-playing games, and shared non-gaming universes such as Active Worlds, Entropia Universe, There, Second Life, and The Palace. The term has also been applied to online virtual communities, and Internet forums in particular, as a picture that a member has elected to display alongside his or her contributions in order to represent themselves. Avatars have also become popular in instant messaging, and are beginning to be seen in mobile phone communications.
Mashup A website or application that combines content from more than one source into an integrated experience. A musical genre which, in its purest form, consists of the combination (usually by digital means) of the music from one song with the a cappella from another. Typically, the music and vocals belong to completely different genres. At their best, bastard pop songs strive for musical epiphanies that add up to considerably more than the sum of their parts.
Creative Commons Creative Commons licenses provide a flexible range of protections and freedoms for authors, artists, and educators. We have built upon the "all rights reserved" concept of traditional copyright to offer a voluntary "some rights reserved" approach. We're a nonprofit organization. All of our tools are free.