4 What is the GEF?•The Global Environment Facility (GEF) was established inOctober 1991 as a financial mechanism to assist in the protection of the global environment and to promote environmental sustainable development.•The GEF would provide additional grants to cover the "incremental" or additional costs associated with transforming a project with national benefits into one with global environmental benefits.
5 GEF’s Strategic GoalsFour strategic goals cover all activities under GEF mandate:Strategic Goal 1 – conserve, sustainably use and manage biodiversity, ecosystems and natural resources globally, taking into account anticipated impacts of climate changeStrategic Goal 2 – reduce global climate change risks by (1) stabilizing atmospheric GHG concentrations through emission reduction actions; and (2) assisting countries to adapt to climate change, including variabilityStrategic Goal 3 – promote the sound management of chemicals through their life-cycle to minimize the effect on human health and global environmentStrategic Goal 4 – build national and regional capacities and enabling conditions for global environmental protection and sustainable development
6 GEF Agencies The World Bank (WB) Asian Development Bank (ADB) Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)United Nations Development Organization (UNIDO)African Development Bank (AFDB)European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
7 Role of GEF AgenciesGEF Agencies are responsible for creating project proposals.GEF Agencies play key roles in managing GEF projects on the ground. More specifically GEF Agencies assist eligible governments and NGOs in the development, implementation, and management of GEF projects.
8 GEF FundThe GEF also serves as financial mechanism for the following Conventions:Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC)Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)UN Convention on Combat Desertification (UNCCD)Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
9 Financial History of the GEF The GEF Trust Fund is divided into 4-yearGEF Pilot Phase $1 Billion US DollarsReplenishmentsGEF – $2.2 Billion US DollarsGEF – $2.8 Billion US DollarsGEF – $2.9 Billion US DollarsGEF – $3.1 Billion US DollarsWorld Bank is the Trustee of the GEF Trust Fund
10 GEF Coordination Mechanism for Myanmar NCEA, Ministry of Forestry is the political and operational focal points of GEF.And it also is the Focal Points for UNFCCC, CBD, Stockholm Convention, UNCCD and other MEAs, Myanmar.
12 GEF – 5 Initial STAR Allocation Duration: July 2010 to June 2014 (4 years)Amount: US$ 4.34 billionOther funds:Adaptation FundLeast Developing Countries FundSpecial Climate Change Fund
13 Allocation in Focal areas Climate change (1360 M$)Biodiversity (1210 M$)Land degradation (405 M$)Enabling Activities, Global and Regional Activities and Sustainable Forest Management (20% of these allocation)
14 Total Fund (15.35 M$) GEF-5 Fund for Myanmar Climate change (7.12 M$) Biodiversity (6.72 M$)Land degradation (1.51 M$)Total Fund (15.35 M$)
16 Project typesGEF provides grants to various types of projects ranging from several thousand dollars to several million dollars. These are:Full-Sized Projects (FSPs)Medium-Sized Projects (MSPs)Enabling Activities (EAs)Programmatic Approach (PA)Climate Change Adaptation Projects (CCAPs)Small Grants Programme (SGP)
17 Full-Size Projects (FSPs) Over US$1 million Project concepts may be developed by governments, non-governmental organizations, communities, the private sector, or other civil society entitiesMust respond to both national priorities and GEF focal areaMust satisfy eligibility requirements under the Conventions.Project proponents work closely with national GEF Operational Focal Points (who formally endorse project concepts) and the GEF Agency, to develop concepts and move through the project cycleFSPs are subject to project review criteria and are approved by the GEF Council.
18 Medium-Size Projects (MSPs) Up to US $1 million MSPs offer opportunities for a broad range of programming that is typically smaller in scale than FSPs.Funding such projects increases GEF flexibility in allocating and encourages a wide range of stakeholders to propose and develop project concepts.MSPs are limited to a maximum of $1 million in GEFTheir approval is delegated by the Council and it is subject to project review criteria, similar to FSPs.
19 Enabling ActivitiesThe GEF finances Enabling Activities related to Convention obligations under the CBD, UNFCCC and Stockholm Convention (PoPs)To help countries prepare national inventories, strategies, action plans, and reports under these conventionsThey represent a basic building block of GEF assistance to countries.The Secretariat proposes that the GEF will support enabling activities up to US$-500,000 in addition to national STAR allocations.
20 Programmatic Approach (PA) Programmatic Approaches represent a partnership between country/ies, the GEF and other interested stakeholders, such as the private sector, donors and/or the scientific community.This approach secures larger-scale and sustainable impact on the global environment, through integrating global environmental objectives into national or regional strategies and plans. A program usually contains several projects that are linked through common objective/s of the program aimed to foster integration of global environmental issues into the country(ies) development agenda.
21 Small Grants Programme (SGP) Up to $ 50,000 - Funded by GEF as a corporate programme, implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on behalf of the GEF partnership.The SGP supports non-governmental and community organizations, providing small grants for community-based projects in the GEF focal areas.
23 Focal Areas for GEF funds projects Climate changeBiodiversityLand degradationInternational watersChemicals, including POPs (Persistent Organic Pollutants) and ODS (Ozone Depletion Substance)Cross-cutting theme: Sustainable Forest Management (SFM)
24 Climate ChangeGoal is to support developing countries and economies in transition toward a low-carbon development pathObjectives :Promote demonstration, and transfer of advanced low-carbon technologiesPromote market transformation for energy efficiency in industry and buildingsPromote investment in renewable energy technologiesPromote energy efficient, low-carbon transport and urban systemsConserve and enhance carbon stocks through sustainable management of land use, land-use change, and forestryContinue to support enabling activities and capacity building
25 BiodiversityGoal is conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and maintenance of ecosystem goods and services.Objectives:Improve sustainability of protected area systemsMainstream biodiversity conservation and sustainable use into production landscapes/seascapes and sectorsBuild capacity to implement Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and Access to genetic resources and benefit-sharingIntegrate CBD obligations into national planning processes through enabling activities
26 Land DegradationGoal is to contribute to arresting and reversing current global trends in land degradation, specifically desertification and deforestationObjectives:Maintain or improve flow of agro-ecosystem services to sustain livelihoods of local communitiesGenerate sustainable flows of forest ecosystem services in arid, semi-arid and sub-humid zones, including sustaining livelihoods of forest-dependent peopleReduce pressures on natural resources from competing land uses in wider landscape;Increase capacity to apply adaptive management tools in sustainable land management
27 International WaterGoal is to promote collective management of transboundary water systems and to implement policy, legal, and institutional reforms and investments contributing to sustainable use and maintenance of ecosystem servicesObjectives:Catalyze multi-state cooperation to balance conflicting water uses in transboundary surface and groundwater basins while considering climatic variability and change
28 International Water : Objectives conts: Catalyze multi-state cooperation to rebuild marine fisheries and reduce pollution of coasts and Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs) while considering climatic variability and changeSupport capacity building, portfolio learning, and targeted research needs for joint, ecosystem based management of transboundary water systemsPromote effective management of Marine Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJ) directed at preventing fisheries depletion - joint with BiodiversityUndertake pilot-scale demonstrations of pollution reduction from Persistent Toxic Substances (PTS)
29 ChemicalGoal is to promote sound management of chemicals throughout their life-cycle in ways that lead to minimization of significant adverse effects on human health and global environmentObjectives:Phase out POPs (persistent organic pollutants) and reduce POPs releasesPhase out ODS (ozone-depleting substances) and reduce ODS releasesPilot sound chemicals management and mercury reduction
30 Sustainable Forest Management cross cutting program Goal is to achieve multiple environmental benefits from improved management of all types of forestsObjectives:Reduce pressures on forest resources and generate sustainable flows of forest ecosystem servicesStrengthen enabling environment to reduce GHG emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and enhance carbon sinks from LULUCF activitiesCountries which present projects that combine resources and objectives in more than one GEF focal area for a transformative impact in Sustainable Forest Management should receive additional resources as incentive, in addition to resources allocation
31 GEF-5: the Vision for Integrated Natural Resources Management The GREEN, The WHITE, The BLUE and The REDDSustainable Forest ManagementBiodiversityWater FunctionsLD / Sustainable Land ManagementRestoring & Sustaining Coastal ResourcesCarbon Sequestration
33 Climate Change Adaptation Projects Projects that fall under the area of Adaptation of the Climate Change focal area can apply for funds available:Adaptation FundSpecial Climate Change Fund (SCCF)Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF)
34 Major Requirement for Adaptation Fund Developing Countries,Parties to the Kyoto Protocol andVulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change are eligible to applying for AF project
35 Adaptation Strategy: Objectives Reduce vulnerability to the adverse impacts of climate change – e.g. reduced risks to economic losses through implementation of adaptation measuresIncrease adaptive capacity to respond to the impacts of climate change – e.g. within relevant development sectors and natural resources; diversified and strengthened livelihoods and sources of incomePromote transfer and adoption of adaptation technologies – e.g. successful demonstration, deployment and transfer of relevant adaptation technologies as defined under the Climate Convention
36 Small-size Projects – up to 1 million US$ Applying ProcedureExecuting Entity can apply either using a National Implementing Entity (NIE – Govn.) or a Multilateral Implementing Entity (MIE – GEF window agencies)Two Types of AFSmall-size Projects – up to 1 million US$Regular-size Project –above 1 million US$
37 Priority Areas of Adaptation Projects Countries withLow- lying coastalArid and semi-arid areasAreas liable to flood, drought, and desertificationFragile mountainous ecosystem
38 Project Review Criteria (AF) Country EligibilityProject EligibilityResource AvailabilityEligibility of NIE/MIEImplementation Arrangement
39 Project/ Programme Proposal (AF) Part I – Project/ Program InformationPart II – Project JustificationPart III – Implementation ArrangementsPart IV – Endorsement by Government and Certification by the Implementing Entity
41 Present Projects (Enabling Activities) Project titleGEF agencyIAFocal areasNational Bio-safety Framework (2007)UNEPNCEA, MAS, FD, DoFBiodiversityPreparation of National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) (on going)MHDClimate changeDevelopment of the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) (on going)FDInitial national communication (INC) (on going)NCEA, Lined MinistriesBOBLME (ongoing)DoFInter. water
42 Plan to propose projects Project titleGEF agencyIAFocal areasCommunity based natural resource management in the dry zone of MyanmarUNDP, FAOFD, MAS,Climate Change AdaptationEnergy efficiency projectUNIDOMOE, MOI 1/2FSPs, Climate changePeatland Management project (EA)IFADNCEA, FD, MASEA, Climate changeImplementation of Climate Change activities to promote resilience of the community in Coastal Areas?NCEA and line Depts.EA, Climate Change AdaptationPoPs (EA)NCEA, and line Depts.EA, PoPs
43 The GEF Application Process Procedures and Priority
44 The GEF Application Process PROJECT STARTPIF Submitted and approved by GEFProject Preparation: developing full project documentation and submission to GEFGEF SEC- CEO EndorsementPartners consultation and GEF OFP Endorsement to develop PIF
45 Look into the Environment Issues Prepare the Funding Proposals ProceduresLook into the Environment IssuesSee the problem and find how serious it is…Prepare the Funding ProposalsShould submit via one of the GEF Agencies (ADB, UNDP, UNEP etc.)GEF Agency see the possible way to facilitate and submit to GSF SecHow long? Wait until next GEF council meetingEach agency has their own mandate/capacity and arrangement
46 GEF Sec agrees directly: Focal Area of GEF? ProceduresGEF Sec agrees directly: Focal Area of GEF?Look into the Focal Area of GEF?Priority of CountryLook into the Priority Area of Country? (needs Focal Point’s endorsement)Co-finance of ProjectCo-financing way? (GEF fund only partial/not more than half of project budget. To boost up or to make more sus. way).
47 Report by accountable way ProceduresReport by accountable wayReport through accountable way? (GEF fund would be reported via Government or accountable agency (Int’l Agency)).Fund flow is Ok!See the STAR? Other limit (max vs min) (GEF fund not too small not too big).Discuss with GEF Agency for detail project implementation and agree.
48 National priorities (EPA 2009) Environmental ConcernIssuesChallenges towards SFMLanduse changesDeforestation and forest degradation (Illegal logging, fuel-wood)Threats to BiodiversityHabitat fragmentation and shrinkingIllegal wildlife tradeLaw enforcementLand degradationExhausting land production capacity/ soil deteriorationIncreasing cultivable land demand
49 National priorities (EPA 2009) Environmental ConcernIssuesWater ResourcesWater Quality degradationInsufficient drinking water resources especially during dry seasonSolid Waste ManagementRapid industrial and urban developmentWaste treatment technologyClimate ChangeExtreme weather conditions, flood, draught and stormsNatural disastersImpacts of mining industry on EnvironmentSoil and water contaminationHealth problem3/28/2017
51 Opportunities Signed for required ratifications and appointed GDNA Fund MobilizationCo-financing available (UN agencies, INGOs, Govt. depts.)Strengthening the capacity through sharing of experiences, ideas and transfer of knowledge on Global Environment IssuesCompliances of Conventions obligations
52 Opportunities conts:Strengthening the existing expertise on proposal formulation with the technical assistance of GEF Window AgenciesStrengthening the existing Network (ETWG, DRR, FSWG, Taskforces and political will by Govt.)
53 Constraints Limited knowledge and experience on GEF Limited capacity in GEF funded project preparation and implementationLack of national coordination mechanism and weakness of existing Coordination mechanism (esp. Programmatic approach)Poor awareness on procedure and process on GEF applicationLikely complex, controversial and long process for accessibility to GEF fund isUnable to apply in this year for Adaptation fund through MIE
54 Future ActionsTo extend awareness of GEF procedures, priorities and practicesTo identify National Executing Agency and Leading GEF AgencyTo identify national priorities under each focal area and linkage with GEF 5 strategic prioritiesTo build partnerships (co-financing & technical) to undertake new and innovative GEF projects;To develop project concepts (objectives, major activities and outcomes) for Adaptation and STAR allocationTo submit the project proposal to GEF SEC during time frame of GEF 5To form Institutional GEF Coordination Mechanism to determine national priorities, to develop project concepts and proposals and approvals monitor project implementation and also supports the mainstreaming of environmental concerns into national development planning.To operate National GEF Portfolio Identification Exercises assistance with relevant GEF window agencies
55 Urgent need (Project concepts and proposal preparation) Identify national priorities with incremental value to be funded under GEF.Identify possible co-financing at national levelIdentify National Executing Agency (NIE)Identify Lead GEF Agency (MIE) on the basis of their comparative advantage (UNDP, WB, UNEP, UNIDO, FAO, ADB, IFAD)Identify focal points / contact personsProject types (FSPs, MSPs, SGP)To operate National GEF Portfolio Identification Exercises assistance with relevant GEF window agencies
56 Thank You for Your Attention What’s the Way?To start early and complete project preparation and implementation for allocated resources to ensure Adaptation Fund and GEF 5 projectsThank You for Your Attention