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1 Creating Pathways to Prosperity: An Update on the Pathways Project William C. Symonds Director, Pathways to Prosperity Project Harvard Graduate School.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Creating Pathways to Prosperity: An Update on the Pathways Project William C. Symonds Director, Pathways to Prosperity Project Harvard Graduate School."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Creating Pathways to Prosperity: An Update on the Pathways Project William C. Symonds Director, Pathways to Prosperity Project Harvard Graduate School of Education NCPN CONFERENCE Richmond, Virgina October 19, 2012

2 2 The Pathways Project: A Brief Review LAUNCHED: FALL 2008 *Two Key Questions *The Research Phase THE REPORT * Release: February, 2011 * Response

3 3 RESPONSE to the Pathways Report NATIONAL: *More than 30 states *Red AND Blue States EVERY GEOGRAPY * New England/ Mid-Atlantic * Midwest * West * Southwest and South

4 4 THE CALIFORNIA RESPONSE Pathways Conference: Cisco; January, 2010 Community Meetings: **Napa **Sonoma County/ Santa Rosa **Palo Alto Santa Clara County CTE Conference: CTA Conference: Los Angeles Pathways Network: **San Bernardino **Long Beach

5 5 THE WISCONSIN RESPONSE Wisconsin Legislature : Family Impact Seminar sySTEM Now Conference: Milwaukee Project Lead the Way Conference: Pewaukee Fond du Lac/ Moraine Park TC Appleton Greater Milwaukee Committee Milwaukee Journal Sentinel Manpower

6 6 WHY IS THERE SO MUCH INTEREST? The Record of School Reform: Disappointing at Best The American Dream is at Risk: **Near-record youth unemployment: 53% grad unemployment/underemployment **Soaring student debt **Middle class under pressure: Median income back to mid-90s THE BOTTOM LINE: A HUGE CHALLENGE AND A BIG OPPORTUNITY

7 7 What is the Pathways Challenge? The United States is increasingly failing to prepare young people to lead successful live as adults: The Key Role of Education in the American Century We have lost our global leadership in educational attainment and achievement Teen and young adults (20-24) are increasingly unable to find work Mounting social problems: Youth poverty; decline of the family; huge economic challenges THE DANGER: A WASTED GENERATION

8 8 College for All does not mean everyone needs a B.A. Even in this decade most jobs do not require a B.A. Source: March CPS data, various years; Center on Education and the Workforce forecast of educational demand to 2018.

9 9 Good Jobs that DONT require a B.A. What is a Middle-Skill job? **Education beyond HS, but less than BA **Pay Middle-Class Wages: $35,000 to $95,000 There are 29 Million Middle Jobs **More than 11 million pay $50,000-plus EXAMPLES: **Healthcare: Radiation Therapists; Dental Hygienist; EMTs **Blue-Collar: Commercial and industrial construction; Power plant operators **IT: Including IBM

10 10 What is the right goal for the U.S.? College for All needs to be broadened to mean a meaningful post-high school credential for all A meaningful credential can be earned in many ways: Community college/Technical College Apprenticeships The military/community service Four year college

11 11 Despite two decades of reform, H.S. graduation rates have not changed much since the 1980s Note: Does not include GED recipients. Unless indicated, does not include recent immigrants. Rates are for age group of or dependant on their age at the time of census Source: Heckman and LaFountaine (2007), U.S. Census data, and other sources Stagnant High School Graduation Rates

12 12 U.S. on time college completion rates are alarmingly low Note: Two-year schools have a three year graduation window. Four-year schools have a six-year window Source: Higher Ed info-NCES/IPEDS Graduation Survey.

13 13 The current U.S. reality: only 40% of 27-year olds have earned an A.A. degree or higher Note: Represents data collected in surveys between ; GED is approximation based on data from GED Testing Program. Source: Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

14 14 Are our youth Career Ready? U.S. Employers increasingly complain that young adults lack 21st Century Skills: Are They Ready To Work? Report Partnership for 21 st Century Skills Tony Wagners Seven Survival Skills

15 15 Shrinking employment opportunities: Teens and Young Adults have been hit the hardest by the Great Recession Source: Center for Labor Market Studies; U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, CPS Labor Force Statistics.

16 16 Why Are We Failing To Prepare So Many Youth? Our focus has been too narrow We need a broader, more holistic system of Pathways to Prosperity

17 17 Lessons from Abroad

18 18 In many European countries over half of upper secondary students are in vocational educational and training Source: OECD (2008), Education at a Glance 2008, OECD indicators, Table C1.1, OECD, Paris.

19 19 The Case for Vocational Education Training Pedagogical Best way for many young people to learn Apprenticeships support developmental needs of young people Higher attainment Many countries with best VET systems surpass the U.S. Finding work Facilitates transition to labor market

20 20 The Bottom Line Foreign systems are far from perfect, and cannot be imported directly to the U.S. BUT: The U.S. is increasingly an outlier on vocational education We can use the principles and practices of the best VET systems to develop an improved American approach

21 21 THE ROAD TO A PATHWAYS SYSTEM 1.Multiple Pathways 2.An Expanded Role for Employers 3.A new Social Compact with Young People

22 22 Multiple Pathways Key Elements: Elevate career education to world-class levels Provide high-quality career counseling Greatly expand and improve opportunities for work-based learning

23 23 Expanded Role for Employers Goal: Businesses need to become full partners in the Pathways system. Key roles for business/employers: Career guidance Designing/developing Programs of Study Providing Opportunities for Work-based learning and Work

24 24 The Payoff from a Better Pathways System: FOR STUDENTS: more options; easier transition to work; higher engagement/attainment FOR PARENTS: less financial stress/debt FOR EMPLOYERS: A strengthened pipeline; better-prepared workers; new ways to give back FOR COMMUNITIES: A stronger social fabric; a more vibrant economy; fewer social problems

25 25 STATES TAKING THE LEAD

26 26 The Goal: World-Class CTE The Massachusetts Model: Public School Choice **How It Works **The Pay-Off **Boston: Can it work in Urban America? Oklahoma Technology Centers: Providing excellence despite a Red State philosophy Tennessee Technology Centers: Who says 2-year colleges cant have high graduation rates?

27 27 The Illinois Pathways Initiative ORIGINS: A Direct Response to Pathways The Framework: **Learning Exchanges: true business-education partnerships **Focused on high-demand careers: Manufacturing; IT; Health Science; R&D; Ag **Funding: RTT plus Industry Match TIMELINE: **Formal Launch: February, 2012 **Exchanges selected: September **Three-year rollout

28 28 The Policy Response: WASHINGTON: Career Pathways Act **Key provisions: --Promotes Career Exploration; encourages students to select Career Majors --Promotes work-based learning --Encourages multiple Pathways NEW YORK REGENTS: **The question: How do we define College and Career Readiness **The answer: Alter existing assessments

29 29 FORGING A SOCIAL COMPACT BUILDING AWARENESS/ WILL THROUGH PATHWAYS CONFERENCES: **Nebraska/ Minnesota/ Wisconsin **NH/ Rhode Island/ Hawaii THE PATHWAYS TO PROSPERITY NETWORK **6 STATES PLUS SOME CALIFORNIA **MAPPING EXERCISE **THE NEXT CHALLENGE

30 30 EXEMPLARS FROM ABROAD CHAMPIONS OF THE DUAL SYSTEM: SWITZERLAND-GERMANY: **VAST CHOICE OF CAREERS **EXTENSIVE EMPLOYER INVOLVEMENT **INTEGRATION OF ACADEMIC/VOCATIONAL GROWING INTEREST IN FAST-GROWING COUNTRIES: BRAZIL: **DOUBLING ENROLLMENT **RAISING STANDARDS

31 31 NEXT STEPS FOR PATHWAYS CREATING PATHWAYS TO PROSPERITY: * National conference: At Harvard :March *Who Will Attend --Teams from Many States --Partner organizations --Business and Govt Leaders *Goals EXPAND THE PATHWAYS NETWORK

32 32 QUESTIONS FOR REFLECTION How Can we Build a National Movement? **Overcoming the Cultural Barriers **Instilling Pathways Thinking into schools and colleges How Can We Engage Business? **In Career Advising **In POS Development **In providing Work-based learning What Can You do in Your Region How can you get involved Nationally?


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