Presentation on theme: "UNIT 4: CULTURAL CONFLICT"— Presentation transcript:
1 UNIT 4: CULTURAL CONFLICT LESSON 4.5: REFORM MOVEMENTS
2 Focus What does the word “transcend” mean? Who are some of the major figures of transcendentalism?What are the core beliefs of transcendentalists?What is the impact of transcendentalism on society?How were later reformers such as Gandhi and MLK inspired by the Thoreau?To what extent is U.S. history a history of progress?
6 SETTING THE STAGETHE SECOND GREAT AWAKENING CREATED AN ENVIRONMENT FOR SOCIAL CHANGE. SPURRED ON BY THE REVIVAL OF RELIGION, AS WELL AS A HEIGHTENED BELIEF IN THE POWER OF INDIVIDUALS TO IMPROVE SOCIETY THEMSELVES, AMERICANS ENGAGED IN REFORM MOVEMENTS.
7 A religious revivalConcern that Americans were falling away from Christianity led to the Second Great AwakeningBasic message was that individuals must re-admit Christ into their daily livesProtestant ideology = individuals can seek and achieve salvation, therefore individuals can improve societyThe Second Great Awakening paved the way for reform movements of the 1800’s.
8 THE REFORM SPIRITIN 1841, DOROTHY DIX WAS APALLED BY CONDITIONS WITHIN A LOCAL PRISONPEOPLE SUFFERING FROM MENTAL ILLNESS HAD BEEN THROWN INTO HORRIBLE CONDITIONS IN PRISONSHER EFFORTS LED TO “SPECIAL INSTITUTIONS” AND ASYLUMSWOMEN PLAYED A PROMINENT PART IN THE REFORM MOVEMENT!
9 PRISON REFORMPRISON REFORM AIMED TO NOT JUST PUNISH PRISONERS, BUT TO REHABILITATE THEMPENITENTIARIES = PRISONERS WOULD WORK TO ACHIEVE PENITENCE, OR REMORSE. VERY STRICT AND STRUCTURED!
13 EDUCATION REFORMINCREASED SUFFRAGE AND IMMIGRATION LED TO BELIEF IN NEED FOR PUBLIC EDUCATIONHORACE MANN HELPED CREATE THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION IN MASSACHUSSETTS = MANDATORY
14 AP 3: think pair shareWhy is education so important in a democratic society?
15 WOMEN’S EDUCATIONWOMEN REFORMERS, SUCH AS CATHARINE BEECHER, PUSHED FOR MORE EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES
16 THE EARLY WOMEN’S MOVEMENT DUE TO INDUSTRIALIZATION, LIFE BECAME DIVIDED INTO TWO HEMISPHERES : HOME AND WORKPLACETRUE WOMENHOOD = IDEA THAT WOMEN SHOULD BE RESPONSIBLE FOR DEVELOPING THEIR CHILDRENS CHARACTER AND CHRISTIAN PRINCIPLES
17 WOMEN SEEK GREATER RIGHTS IF WOMEN MAKE THE HOME MORE VIRTUOUS, WHY CAN’T THEY MAKE THE WORLD MORE VIRTUOUS?IN 1848 LUCRETIA MOTT AND ELIZABETH CADY STANTON ORGANIZED THE SENECA FALLS CONVENTION.MARKED THE BEGINNING OF THE ORGANIZED WOMEN’S MOVEMENT, TO INCLUDE SUFFRAGE
19 THE ABOLITIONIST MOVEMENT IN THE EARLY AND MID-1800’S, SOME AMERICANS, MAINLY IN THE NORTH, EMBARKED ON A CRUSADE TO ABOLISH SLAVERY IN THE UNITED STATES.AS THE COUNTRY BECAME MORE POLARIZED ABOUT THE ISSUE, THE WORK OF ABOLITIONISTS CREATED CONTROVERSY AND SOMETIMES LED TO VIOLENCE.
20 Two Early Proposals Gradualism = gradually end slavery Colonization = “back to Africa”Abolitionism = destroy slavery immediately
21 Leaders of Abolition Movement William lloyd Garrison“THE LIBERATOR” (page 243)Frederick Douglass (page 245)Sojourner Truth (246)Text book for primary source doc.
22 Northern Opposition Threat to existing social order Economy might crumbleJobs would be threatenedTHE SOUTH VIEWS NORTHERN ABOLITION AS HYPOCRITICAL DUE TO TREATMENT OF IMMIGRANT FACTORY WORKERS*pro slavery arguement
24 ACTIVITYIn your groups, create a time line using the textbooks and the internet on reform movements from the 1830’s to 1933.Step 1: identify the reform movements.Step 2: Identify key dates and specific events that reflect the accomplishments of reformers. (a minimum of 4 reform movements must included….at least 5 dates for each movement)Step 3: put these dates and short explanation of the key event on your time line.Step 4: create an illustration for each event that represents the accomplishment..*Must have at least 20 total dates
25 Learning Log Today I learned…………………. WHAT WAS THE BASIC MESSAGE OF THE 2ND GREAT AWAKENING?WHAT WERE SOME OF THE MAJOR AREAS OF REFORM IN THE MID-1800’S?HOW DID THE 2ND GREAT AWAKENING AFFECT THE REFORM MOVEMENTS OF THE 1800’S?WHAT PRINCIPLE WAS THE BASIS FOR THE DRIVE FOR PUBLIC EDUCATION?WHAT WERE TWO EARLY PROPOSALS FOR ENDING SLAVERY?WHICH INDIVIDUALS HELPED TO BUILD SUPPORT FOR ABOLITION, AND WHAT DID THEY DO TO GAIN SUPPORT?SUMMARIZE THE REASONS WHY MANY NORTHERNERS OPPOSED EXTREME ABOLITION