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Conservation Programs and Agricultural Policy The New Landscape Bradley D. Lubben Extension Agricultural Economist Kansas State University Policy and ag.

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Presentation on theme: "Conservation Programs and Agricultural Policy The New Landscape Bradley D. Lubben Extension Agricultural Economist Kansas State University Policy and ag."— Presentation transcript:

1 Conservation Programs and Agricultural Policy The New Landscape Bradley D. Lubben Extension Agricultural Economist Kansas State University Policy and ag econ information from K-State – USDA program information –

2 Evolution of Conservation Programs From public support for agriculture… –Focus on farm income support –Conservation benefits as a side-effect

3 Evolution of Conservation Programs To public support for the environment –Focus on specific environmental/social goals –Debate over incentives versus regulations

4 Conservation Programs Conservation Reserve Program Wetlands Reserve Program Environmental Quality Incentives Program Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program Forest Land Enhancement Program Grassland Reserve Program Conservation Security Program Other Programs

5 Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Enrollment cap increased from 36.4 to 39.2 million acres –Regular and continuous enrollment

6 Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP) Enrollment cap increased from to million acres

7 Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) Funding increased from $200 million per year to $1.3 billion per year by 2007

8 Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP) Funding increased from $50 million for to $597 million for 2002 through 2007

9 Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program (WHIP) Funding increased from $50 million for to $85 million per year by 2005

10 Forest Land Enhancement Program (FLEP) Replaces FIP and SIP with funding of $100 million through 2007

11 Grasslands Reserve Program (GRP) Enrollment of up to 2 million acres of working grasslands

12 Conservation Security Program (CSP) Payments to producers for wide range of conservation practices –Spending and enrollment not limited by legislation

13 Conservation Security Program Practices nutrient management integrated pest management water conservation grazing, pasture, range management soil conservation, residue management invasive species management fish & wildlife habitat & management air quality management energy conservation measures biological resource conservation & regeneration contour farming strip and cover cropping controlled rotational grazing resource conserving crop rotation conversion of portion of cropland from soil depleting to soil conserving use partial field conservation practices native grass & prairie protection any other practices the Secretary determines appropriate and comparable to the other practices

14 Conservation Security Program Funding Projections 2002 Farm Bill –Spending estimated at $2 billion through Budget Resolution –Spending re-estimated at $6.9 billion through Ag Appropriations and Ag Aid –Spending limited to $3.8 billion through Ag Appropriations (if passed) –Spending limit removed, returning to $6.9 billion estimate through 2013 –Spending in FY2004 limited to $41 million

15 Conservation Programs Summary Substantial expansion of most existing programs –CRP and WRP enrollment caps increased –EQIP, FRPP, and WHIP funding increased –FIP and SIP consolidated into FLEP Promise of significant new programs –GRP implemented in FY 2003 –CSP still on the way


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