Presentation on theme: "Sustainable Destination Management at the Seven Sister States: Recommendations for the Future Emily McIntyre, Leah Jorgensen, Karina Scherloski, Merel."— Presentation transcript:
1 Sustainable Destination Management at the Seven Sister States: Recommendations for the Future Emily McIntyre, Leah Jorgensen, Karina Scherloski, Merel van-Haastert, Paul Liao
2 Outline Plan Introduction Background Environment Social/Culture Economy of Seven Sister StatesGroup-led ActivityDiscussion QuestionsRecommendations for the FutureConclusion
6 IntroductionBy 2010, Mountain tourism will account for 20 per cent of total tourism expenditures (WTTC, 1999)1960’s –Current, many tourists trek the Himalayan mountain associated with a pilgrimageEconomic opportunities were underscored, but large scale change ..,..
7 Seven Sister States Include… Most states have:* Their own tribes* Own type of art* Culture* Dance* Music* Lifestyles* Own fairs and festivals
8 DMO’s Involved: Wonderland Treks Government of India Government of Seven Sister States
9 The Seven Sister’s Main Resources Tea-based productsBambooNatural gasSilkOilHandicraftsAbundant forestsExotic flora and faunaGreat land for growing plantation crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers, and herbsNatural beauty
10 Environmental Impacts on Mountainous Regions Limited accessibilityFragile environmentCurrently encourage intense resource useOverexploitation of resources with little concern for environmental consequences(Jodha, 2000)
11 Environmental Impacts Cont’d Environmental degradationDepletion of forestsSoil erosionDrying up of water sourcesDestroyed arable agricultural land(Karan, 1994)
12 Waste Management Issues Self generated solid waste from visitorsLarge number of visitorsAmount of solid waste is also increasingOverloaded areas with growing stockpiles of garbageCould create water crisis (Kuniyal, 2005)Pollution attributable to expedition, trekking and camping activities of trekkersGarbage includes food, glass, clothes, tents, dead bodies (Regmi, n.d.)
13 Endangered Tigers India claims that there are 5000 tigers Experts say this figure is actually closer to 3000Tiger hunting was banned by the Indian government in 1981Demand for tiger related goods (Thinkquest Team, 1997)Aranachal Pradesh has a tiger project (expand)
15 Future Directions for Achieving Environmental Success Address the needs of the local people in regards to conservation and development, including tourismLocals should actively be involved as stakeholders in the protection of the environmentTourism should not increase pressure on local resources (I.e.: use alternative energy sources)Adequately dispose of human waste and other garbage (Wonderland India, 2007)
16 Environmental Recomendations Start more movements against ecological destructionOpen more local movements against deforestation (Karan, 1994)Refuse, Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, RespectSegregate waste into two categories: biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste (Kuniyal, 2005)
17 Social IssuesMountain regions obtain a global concern, which turns into a disregard to local perceptions and practices (Singh and Jodha, 2000).The local culture should have a high level of commitment on formalised planning activities such as regional planning and environmental impact assessment (Bramwell and Lane, 2000).Micro and Macro Environment need to work together
18 Stakeholder Involvement Government of India and State governmentsResearch InstitutionsRegional UniversitiesIndigenous groupsMinistry of Water ResourcesMinistry of Natural ResourcesPeople’s Republic of ChinaNatural Resource OrganizationsTourism OperatorsTransportation OperatorsLocal CultureTourists
19 Partnerships“A voluntary pooling of resources (labor, money, information etc.) between two or more parties to accomplish collaborative goals” (Chavez and Selin, 1995).Current Partnerships: North Eastern Council (NEC)
21 Cultural Issues Loss or change of culture through: Commodification StandardizationLoss of authenticity and staged authenticityAdaptation to tourists demands(UNEP, 2001)
22 Dimensions of Cultural Impacts (Singh, 2007) Tourism IndustryExpectaionTouristsDifference, encounter,acculturationHost CommunityResource use, commodification and dependenceEthnic and political fragmentation, indigenous groups and sub-cultures resource equityConsumption
23 Indigenous Control of Tourism Spatial limitationHosts set limits on entry to homelands and sacred sitesActivity limitationHosts established preferred tourist activitiesTemporal limitationHosts indicate appropriate times for tourist access and useCultural limitationHosts limits on access to cultural knowledge and rituals(Zeppler, Year)
25 Workshop & Consensus Building Activity -Transportation-Accommodation-Education-Tourist Attractions-Fresh Water and basic amenities-Animal Protection-Implementation of Waste Management Initiatives
26 Answer:Although modern images of India often show poverty and lack of development, India was the richest country on earth until the time of British invasion in the early 17th Century. Christopher Columbus was attracted by India's wealth
27 Discussion QuestionsDo you have any further suggestions as to how stakeholders may share their resources?How may North Eastern Council help to make a difference for tourism development?Do you think working with neighbouring countries is beyond the scope of Northeast India?Based on this presentation do you have any other future ideas for the Seven Sisters?
28 Innovative Initiatives and Recommendations for the future: Collaboration and PartnershipsWorkshopsConsensusCollaboration under Joint marketing, promotions and researchCo-managementAdaptive managementCollaboration Under Sustainable Tourism Development
29 Best Practice Benchmark Audit Environmental Management System Continuous Monitoring and Improvement(Issaverdis, 2001)
30 Collaboration and Partnerships “A process of joint decision making among autonomous, key stakeholders to resolve problems and or to manage issues related to the planning and development” (Text. Ch 13).Collaboration can be a critical way to achieve common goals.Best practice: Eagle Valley Partnership (Chavez and Selin, 1995).
31 Workshops“Small group sessions (usually with a maximum of 35 participants) held for a period of intense study or training. The emphasis is on exchanging ideas and demonstrating skills and techniques” (Howell, Ellison, Ellison & Wright, 2003).Important for information sharingA place where stakeholders can discuss important topics
32 ConsensusCooperative alliances between government, public and private sectorCompromise, Negotiate and Collaborate are essential when reaching a ConsensusWay to find a common groundCommunity buildingResolve stakeholder representation issuesInterest-based
33 Collaboration under Joint Marketing, Promotions and Research Improve appeal of the destinationImprove networks and linkagesAttract fundingTourism Destination BrandingCompetitive AdvantageMarketing InitiativesSustainable Development
34 Co-management“Co-management is when the rights and responsibilities pertaining to a particular resource are shared between government and local users” (Yandle, 2003, p. 180).Opportunities forNegotiation and external supportCommon shared visionLeadershipThe notion of relationships among people (Plummer and Fitzgibbon, 2004).Cross-border Partnerships
35 Adaptive ManagementContinuous modifications and adjustments based on learning experiencesLearning by doing, shared learningResponse to rapid changeFlexibilityMonitoring, evaluation and corrective actionInnovate ways to improve management
37 Collaboration Under Sustainable Development Help to solve issues of naturally depleting resourcesHelp to resolve cultural issuesMaintain Biodiversity and achieve local empowerment through stakeholder involvement, working together and collaborationEco-tourism as an opportunity
38 Knowledge Gaps Lack of Awareness Lack of Education Lack of Basic Amenities and SanitationLack of FacilitiesPoor TransportationPoor planning and instruments of natural disasters
39 ConclusionThe Government of India has recognized the need to develop sustainablyAwareness and Education must be raisedImplementation of amenities, facilities and certain Westernized comfortsWorking together to continuously improving will help to achieve Sustainable Development
40 ReferencesBramwell, B. & Lane, B. (2000). Tourism Collaboration and Partnerships: Politics, Practice and Sustainability. Great Britain: Biddles Ltd.Conservation International (2007, November 6th). Biodiversity hotspots. Retrieved November 6th, 2007, fromJodha, N. S. (2000). Globalization and fragile mountain environments: Policy challenges and choices. Mountain Research and Development, 20(4),Karan, P. P. (1994). Environmental movements in India. The Geographical Review, 84,Kuniyal, J. C. (2005). Solid waste management techniques for the waste generated and brought down from campsites in the hill spots, trails and expedition tops. Waste Management & Research, 23(3),Regmi, P. (n.d.). Himalayas labelled “the highest junkyard in the world.” Retrieved October 25, 2007, fromSingh, S. & Jodha, N. (2000). Globalization and Fragile Mountain Environments: Policy Challenges and Choices. Mountain Research and Development, 20(4),Wikipedia (2007, May 17). Seven sister states. Retrieved October 31, 2007, fromWonderland Treks and Tours (2007). Retrieved November 11th, 2007, fromYandle, T The challenge of building successful stakeholder organizations: New Zealand’s experience in developing a fisheries co-management regime. Marine Policy 27, 179–192
41 References Cont’dDev, B.J., & Lahiri, D.K. (1987). Manipur: Culture and Politics. India: Mittal Publications.Singh, T. (1972). Manipur A Study. Rajesh Printing Press.Agarwal, A.K. (1988). North-Eastern Economy: Problems and Prospects. India: Mittal Publications.India Tourism Statistics. (2003). Market research division ministry of tourism government of India (PDF). Retrieved November 13, 2007, tourism.gov.in/rtia/..%5Cstatistics%5CFTAIS2003.pdfGopalakrishnan, R. (1991). The North-East India Land, Economy and People. Vikas Publishing House Pvt Ltd.Maps of India. (2004). Travel, hotels and profile of Meghalaya. Retrieved November 13, 2007, fromMinistry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. (2007). Retrieved November 12, 2007, fromGovernment of Assam, Economic Survey of Assam. (2006). Retrieved November 13, 2007, fromInfrastructure. (2003). Assam (PDF). Retrieved November 13, 2007, fromNER Databank. (2002). North Eastern Development Finance Corporation Ltd. Retrieved November 12, 2007, from
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