Presentation on theme: "Community Roundtables for Tourism-Related Conflicts: The Dialectics of Concensus and Process Structures Emily McIntyre 3378148."— Presentation transcript:
Community Roundtables for Tourism-Related Conflicts: The Dialectics of Concensus and Process Structures Emily McIntyre
Outline Plan Introduction Tourism Planning and Development Case Study: Canmore, Alberta Initiating and Convening GMC Stakeholder Criteria The Shotgun Rule Benefits Limitation Conclusion
Introduction Close in culture due to: -globalization -modernization -increased mobility of people and cultures Therefore, an emphasis is being put on a community-based approach to sustainable tourism
Tourism Plannng and Development A political domain Also needs cooperative alliances between public and private sector stakeholders This research highlights the importance of the notion of a concensus Case study used to explain issues, examples and implications of reaching a concensus
Case study: Canmore, Alberta Interviews and public meetings to gain rich information on the stakeholders perspectives of community-based tourism processes Inherent need as Canmore, is socio-economically reliant on tourism devolopment which is leading to pressures on this mountain destination GMC: A community based collaboration initiation in 1994 GMCs aim: A shift from political-based decision making to community-based decision making
Initiating and Convening Key stakeholders: developers, NGOs, cultural groups, etc. Conditions of Decisions based on: Comprimising, Collaboration and reaching a Concensus Bow Valley Naturalists did not participate, as no growth was not on the table for discussion, yet it was an interest-based process But, how is a concensus possible, when some are not willing to comprimise?
GMC Stakeholder Criteria: Been in the community for 8 years University Educated Keen interest in getting involved Seen as a legitimate representative of community based interests Representative of a valid interests of a stakeholder group and not personal interests (Process would have been unmanageable if it were structured around individuals with general broad concerns)
Barriers to Entry Initiators claimed nothing was stopping lower-end housing and the trailer park community, although several barriers to entry for them Such as being connected which had to be through community leaders or active volunteer work and experience with concensus-oriented public spheres
The Shotgun Rule If a participant walked away from the process, there were tremendous costs to be paid- the process was ended This was perceived to be vital in keeping the process together and initially approved but later found to be just hell in some stakeholders cases Individuals felt compelled to stay on for fear of repercussion from the community for terminating the process, which meant feeling coerced or not listened to As well as walking away from potential gains
Potential Benefits Achieving local empowerment Address local level conflict Conflict resolution Cooperation and finding a common ground Variety of stakeholders involved to meet their needs and desires Community building Convening to reach a consensus Sustainable development
Limitations Barriers to entry and repression of participants Not representative to all stakeholders Challenges of democratic representation Conflicting interests of nature, culture and community Not all interests on the table Time constraints Financial constraints Exhausting and several respondents struggled with comprehending the complex planning domain
Limitations Continued Mediators as neutral or impartial raised an issue Power domination such as, Shotgun rule and Rule of Late Entry Obligations to remain in decision making
Conclusion To achieve sustainable of rapidly declining natural and cultural resources, stakeholders must work together and closely with the natural and socio- cultural environment Valuable mechanism for address community based development Hopefully can result in resolution to tourism- related conflicts and a movement from a destructive to constructive approach
Thank you Feel free to ask any questions or state any concerns!