2Rostows Theory Stage 1 – Traditional society Labor intensive Stage 2 – Transitional stateProduce excess and trade surplusStage 3 – Take offPopulation increaseStage 4 – Drive to maturityImport of resourcesStage 5 – High mass consumptionNeed to produce more
3Partnerships Current Partnerships: North Eastern Council (NEC) Best Practice: Eagle Valley Partnership (Chavez and Selin, 1995)
5Partnerships“A voluntary pooling of resources (labor, money, information etc.) between two or more parties to accomplish collaborative goals” (Chavez and Selin, 1995).Current Partnerships: North Eastern Council (NEC)Best Practice: Eagle Valley Partnership
6Collaboration“A process of joint decision making among autonomous, key stakeholders to resolve problems and or to manage issues related to the planning and development” (Text. Ch 13).Collaboration can be a critical way to achieve common goals.
7Workshops“Small group sessions (usually with a maximum of 35 participants) held for a period of intense study or training. The emphasis is on exchanging ideas and demonstrating skills and techniques” (Howell, Ellison, Ellison & Wright, 2003).Important for information sharingA place where stakeholders can discuss important topics
8Cultural Issues Loss or change of culture through: Commodification StandardizationLoss of authenticity and staged authenticityAdaptation to tourists demands(UNEP, 2001)
9Dimensions of Cultural Impacts Tourism IndustryExpectaionTouristsDifference, encounter,acculturationHost CommunityResource use, commodification and dependenceEthnic and political fragmentation, indigenous groups and sub-cultures resource equityConsumption(Singh, 2007)
10Indigenous Control of Tourism Spatial limitationHosts set limits on entry to homelands and sacred sitesActivity limitationHosts established preferred tourist activitiesTemporal limitationHosts indicate appropriate times for tourist access and useCultural limitationHosts limits on access to cultural knowledge and rituals(Zeppler)