3 Adjunct Professor , MPPAL & McLaughlin College Fellow Roger R. Rickwood,Ph.D., LL.B., LL.M.Adjunct Professor , MPPAL& McLaughlin College FellowCourse DirectorPower Point Outlines prepared with the assistance of Khalid Khan, M.P.A., M.B.A.
4 The Course is named Public Law II-- The Charter of Rights & Freedoms, and The Limits of Public Administration
5 Required TextHogg, Peter. Constitutional Law of Canada. Student Edition 2008Elliot, David. Introduction to Public Law. Readings on the State, The Administrative Process and Basic Values.6th Edition 2007UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948 (Handout)
6 Grading/ Evaluation Midterm 40% Lecture Participation 10% Tutorial Participation 10%Final Exam 40%Exams are closed bookParticipation directly linked to your attendance
7 Exam Structure 20 MCQs 20 points 5 out of 10 Definitions/ Short Answers 30 points1 out of 3 Essay 50 points
8 Basic Concepts Public Law Constitutional Law Administrative Law Public AdministrationPublic Policy
9 Public LawThe branch of law that deals with the state or government and its relationships with individuals or other governments.Public law is the set of legal principles which govern the exercise of power by public bodies.
10 Constitutional lawConstitutional law deals with the relationship between the state and individual, and the relationships between different branches of the state, such as the executive, the legislative and the judiciary.In most legal systems, these relationships are specified within a written constitutional document.
11 Administrative lawAdministrative law refers to the body of law which regulates bureaucratic managerial procedures and defines the powers of administrative agencies.These laws are enforced by the executive branch of a government.
12 What is Public PolicyIntentional courses of action designed by governments to accomplish a specific goal or objectivePolicies are enacted in response to perceived needs or demands and are thus problem orientedTaking no action could also be a public policy
13 Public Policy Cycle Agenda Setting Policy Formulation Decision Making ImplementationEvaluation
14 Public administration Public administration can be broadly described as administrative system concerned with the development and implementation of government policy.There are many public bodies of various kinds who take decisions every day which affect the lives of thousands of individuals such as government ministries and departments,
15 The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms A bill of rights entrenched in the Constitution of Canada.Guarantees certain political and civil rights of people in Canada from the policies and actions of all levels of government.Greatly expands the scope of judicial review.
16 Impact of the CharterMore explicit with respect to the guarantee of rights and the role of judges in enforcing them than was the Bill of Rights.The courts when confronted with violations of Charter rights, have struck down unconstitutional federal and provincial statutes and regulations or parts of statutes and regulations.Before the Charter, courts were primarily concerned with resolving issues of federalism.Applies directly to government laws and actions (including the laws and actions of federal, provincial, and municipal governments.
17 Rights & Freedoms Under the Charter Fundamental freedoms (section 2) namely, freedom of religion, freedom of thought, freedom of belief, freedom of expression, freedom of the press and of other media of communication, freedom of peaceful assembly, and freedom of association.Democratic rights: generally, the right to participate in political activities and the right to a democratic form of government:Section 3: the right to vote and to be eligible to serve as member of a legislature.
18 Rights & Freedoms Under the Charter Mobility rights: (section 6): the right to enter and leave Canada, and to move to and take up residence in any province, or to reside outside Canada.Legal rights: rights of people in dealing with the justice system and law enforcement, namely:Section 7: right to life, liberty, and security of the person.Section 8: right from unreasonable search and seizureSection 9: freedom from arbitrary detainment or imprisonment.Section 10: The right to legal counsel and the guarantee of habeas corpusSection 11: rights in criminal and penal matters such as the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty.Section 12: Right not to be subject to cruel and unusual punishmentSection 13: rights against self-incriminationSection 14: rights to an interpreter in a court proceeding.
19 Rights & Freedoms Under the Charter Equality rights: (section 15): equal treatment before and under the law, and equal protection and benefit of the law without discrimination.Language rights: generally, the right to use either the English or French language in communications with Canada's federal government and certain provincial governments.Minority language education rights: (Section 23): rights for certain citizens belonging to French or English-speaking minority communities to be educated in their own language.