Presentation on theme: "RBP CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES"— Presentation transcript:
1 RBP CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES DOT/HAZARDOUS MATERIALS (DOT/HAZMAT) TRAININGHAZARDS COMMUNICATION (HAZCOM) TRAININGSECURITY AWARENESS TRAINING
2 INTRODUCTION DOT/HAZMAT TRAINING THE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLE SHIPPING PAPERSPACKAGING AND PACKAGE MARKINGLABELINGPLACARDINGLOADING AND STORAGEHAZMAT EMERGENCIES
3 WHY ARE WE HERE?To review the D.O.T. regulations requiring that hazmat employees:Are familiar with the requirements of the regulationsAre able to identify hazardous materialsKnow specific requirements that apply to their jobKnow how to respond to emergencies, protect themselves and prevent accidents
4 WHAT ARE THE REGULATIONS? Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR)Training Requirements (HM-126F)Hazardous Materials Table (Part of HMR)
5 WHAT DO THEY TELL US?How to determine if the materials you are going to ship are hazardousHow to describe themHow to package themHow to ship themHow to communicate these hazards to the world:LABELINGMARKINGSHIPPING DESCRIPTIONSSHIPPING PAPERSPLACARDSWho needs to be trained
6 WHAT’S A HAZARDOUS MATERIAL? Any substance or material capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety and property when transported in commerceThese materials are located in the HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLE
7 WHAT’S A HAZMAT EMPLOYEE? A person who directly affects the safe transport of hazmat:Manufactures packagingSelects or purchases packaging, labeling, etc.Fills packages with hazardous materialsPrepares shipping papers and emergency response dataHandles and ships finished hazmat packagesDrives transport vehicles containing hazardous materialsProvides emergency response information
8 INTRODUCTION - QUESTIONS What’s the purpose of this training?To know how to package and ship chemicals safelyTo comply with HM-126FTo communicate hazards to othersAll of the aboveWhat’s a hazardous material?Something that’s harmful to propertySomething that’s harmful to peopleSomething that’s harmful to healthNone of the above
9 THE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLE DOT/HAZMAT TRAININGINTRODUCTIONTHE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLESHIPPING PAPERSPACKAGING AND PACKAGE MARKINGLABELINGPLACARDINGLOADING AND STORAGEHAZMAT EMERGENCIES
10 THE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLE WHAT IS IT?The Hazardous MaterialS Table is found in the HMR and lists materials that the Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA) has determined to be hazardous.
11 THE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLE Contains all the necessary information to identify the requirements that apply to each shipment of each hazardous material:Column 1 – SymbolsColumn 2 – Proper Shipping Descriptions And NamesColumn 3 – Hazard Class Or DivisionColumn 4 – Identification NumbersColumn 5 – Packing GroupColumn 6 – Labeling RequirementsColumn 7 – Special ProvisionsColumn 8 – Packaging AuthorizationsColumn 9 – Quantity LimitationsColumn 10 – Vessel Stowage
12 THE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLE WHO USES IT?Anyone with the responsibility of determining:What the hazards of a material areThe proper packaging, labeling, placardsThe proper shipping descriptionsAny transportation restrictionsWho would that be at RBP?Mike MohsDan DietrichJerry GrothShipping
13 THE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLE WHAT DO I NEED TO KNOW ABOUT IT?THAT IT EXISTSTHAT ALL HAZMAT SHIPPING IS BASED ON IT
14 HAZMAT TABLE - QUESTIONS What’s a hazardous materials table?A bench top in the chem labThe morning breakfast tableA list of substances that pose a risk to health, safety and propertyAll of the aboveWhat’s the purpose of the Hazardous Materials Table?To confuse everyoneThe source of information on classifying, packaging and shipping materials.
15 HAZMAT TABLE - QUESTIONS Who uses the hazardous materials table?EveryoneAnyone who makes, handles, packages or ships hazardous materialsThose who determine shipping descriptions and packaging, labeling, shipping requirements
16 SHIPPING PAPERS DOT/HAZMAT TRAINING INTRODUCTION THE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLESHIPPING PAPERSPACKAGING AND PACKAGE MARKINGLABELINGPLACARDINGLOADING AND STORAGEHAZMAT EMERGENCIESQ&A. QUIZ
17 SHIPPING PAPERSProperly completed shipping papers must accompany every shipment of hazardous materialsWhenever a hazardous material is transported, its description must appear on the shipping paper.A Bill of Lading is the most common (RBP)Hazardous Waste ManifestMultiple entries can be made on one shipping document.Hazardous and non-hazardous materials can both be listed on the same document.
18 SHIPPING PAPERSWhen both a hazardous and a non hazardous material are listed, the hazardous material must be:Listed FIRSTShown in contrasting color and highlighted on multi-sheet forms.Identified with an “X” or “RQ” in the “HM” column.
20 SHIPPING PAPERS Entry must be legible and in English Entry may not contain code numbers or abbreviationsEach entry for each hazardous material must include the BASIC DESCRIPTION:Proper shipping name (Column 2, Hazmat Table)Hazard class (Column 3, Hazmat Table)Identification Number (Column 4, Hazmat Table)Packing Group (Column 5, Hazmat Table)
21 SHIPPING PAPERS Shipping paper must: Contain the name of the shipper Indicate multiple pages, for example “page 1 of 4”.Show emergency response numberContain Shipper’s CertificationInclude the total quantity of materialAccompany the shipment (give to the driver)Be readily available in driver’s compartment
23 SHIPPING PAPERS, QUESTIONS What does RBP use for a shipping document? ________________Can hazardous and non-hazardous materials be listed on the same shipping document (Y/N)?Name one item that must be on a shipping paper for every material shipped.______________________________Who gets the shipping paper when the shipment leaves RBP?Where is it kept? ______________________________
24 PACKAGING AND PACKAGE MARKING DOT/HAZMAT TRAININGINTRODUCTIONTHE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLESHIPPING PAPERSPACKAGING AND PACKAGE MARKINGLABELINGPLACARDINGLOADING AND STORAGEHAZMAT EMERGENCIES
25 PACKAGING AND PACKAGE MARKING Hazmat packaging must be designed to safely contain the materialThe more hazardous the material, the more strict the packaging requirement:Packing Group I – Great DangerPacking Group II – Medium DangerPacking Group III – Minor DangerAll packagings must be tested prior to use.Performance Oriented Packaging, “POP”
26 PACKAGING AND PACKAGE MARKING Performance Oriented Packaging (POP) requirements apply to:Bulk – Greater than 119 gallons, Example: TotesNon-bulk – Less than or equal to 119 gallons Examples: Drums, Bottles, CarboysNew and reused packagingSpecification and non-specification packagingAll packaging must be marked
29 PKG & MARKING - QUESTIONS What type of package can be used to ship a hazardous material?Strong sturdy boxes or containersBoxes or container that have been tested for the material being shipped.Only new boxes or containersAll of the aboveCan a material with a severe hazard rating be shipped in a package rated for a mildly hazardous material? _____Only non-bulk packages need to be marked (T/F) _____What is POP packaging?Specification packaging for carbonated beveragesWhat they pack firecrackers inPerformance Oriented Packaging
30 LABELING DOT/HAZMAT TRAINING INTRODUCTION THE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLESHIPPING PAPERSPACKAGING AND PACKAGE MARKINGLABELINGPLACARDINGLOADING AND STORAGEHAZMAT EMERGENCIES
31 LABELINGHazardous Material Warning labels are color-coded so that the hazards can be quickly recognized.Labels correspond to the placards that must appear on bulk packaging, freight containers, transport vehicles or rail cars that contain a hazardous material.Labels are NOT required on bulk packages with placard(s).
33 LABELINGLabels must include both the hazard class and the division of hazard, if required, according to the Hazardous Materials Table (Col. 6).Example: 5.1 for OxidizerThe first label listed is the primary hazard of the material. This label MUST contain the hazard class number.Additional labels indicate subsidiary hazards. These labels DO NOT contain the hazard class number.Labels must be visible. Example: Stretch wrapped skids of items.
36 LABELING - QUESTIONS How do you recognize a hazard from the label? By the colorBy the symbol on the labelBy the wording on the labelBy the number at the bottom of the labelAll of the aboveYou can use two (or more) labels on one package (T/F).Labels do not need to be visible on all materials shipped as long as information is on the paperwork and the driver understands what he is shipping (T/F)Labels are NOT required on bulk packages (T/F)
37 PLACARDING DOT/HAZMAT TRAINING INTRODUCTION THE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLESHIPPING PAPERSPACKAGING AND PACKAGE MARKINGLABELINGPLACARDINGLOADING AND STORAGEHAZMAT EMERGENCIES
38 PLACARDINGHazmat placards are similar to the shape, color and design of hazmat warning labels. They serve the following purposes:To alert the public to the potential dangers of hazardous materials.To guide emergency personnel in their actions during a hazmat incident.
39 PLACARDING Unless excepted, each: Bulk package Freight container Unit load deviceTransport vehicleRail carContaining any quantity of a hazardous material must be placarded on each side and each end with the placards specified in Part 172, Subpart F.
42 PLACARDING - QUESTIONS Placards are different from labels in what ways?They are biggerThey typically contain only the hazard class numberThey are used on bulk, freight, tankers, etc.All of the aboveThe hazard class number on the placard must match the number in the shipping description (T/F).Semi trailers containing non-bulk packaging never need to be placarded (T/F)
43 LOADING AND SECUREMENT DOT/HAZMAT TRAININGINTRODUCTIONTHE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLESHIPPING PAPERSPACKAGING AND PACKAGE MARKINGLABELINGPLACARDINGLOADING AND SECUREMENTHAZMAT EMERGENCIES
44 LOADING AND SECUREMENT The responsibility for complying with the provisions for loading, storage, and transportation of hazardous materials generally lies with the carrier.HOWEVERYou know more about RBP chemicals than the driver does.There are two requirements that are of special importance.It’s up to the shipper (Us, RBP) to ensure the hazardous materials are properly loaded.
45 LOADING AND SECUREMENT SEPARATION DISTANCES:These are established for transporting radioactive materials and are also required for people and cargo compartment dividing partitions.SEGREGATION:Certain hazardous materials cannot be carried on the same load. (cyanides or cyanide mixtures cannot be transported with acids.)A Segregation Table provides a reference for segregating certain hazardous materials.
47 LOADING - QUESTIONSIt’s up to the driver to make sure hazardous materials shipped by RBP are properly loaded, secured, and placarded? (T/F)Any chemical can be shipped with any other chemical (T/F)What is the segregation table for?Are there any RBP products that require segregation when shipped?
48 HAZMAT EMERGENCIES DOT/HAZMAT TRAINING INTRODUCTION THE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLESHIPPING PAPERSPACKAGING AND PACKAGE MARKINGLABELINGPLACARDINGLOADING AND SECUREMENTHAZMAT EMERGENCIES
49 HAZMAT EMERGENCIES Those who handle hazardous materials must know: The basic description & technical name of the materialImmediate hazard(s) to healthRisks of fire and exposureWho to contactHow to clear the areaHow to isolate a spillPreliminary first aid and fire fighting methodsEmergency response phone numbers
50 HAZMAT EMERGENCIES The emergency response information must: Be printed in EnglishAlways be availableBe available away from the package containing the hazmat. For example:On the shipping papersAttached to the shipping papers:Emergency Response GuideMSD Sheets. (Not an MSDS Sheet)In the truck cab, with the driver
51 EMERGENCIES - QUESTIONS Why is it important to keep response information separate from the hazardous material?The first step in responding to an emergency is:Isolate the spillRead the MSDSClear the areaContact emergency response personnelWhat’s the second step? (Pick a letter)
52 RBP CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES DOT/HAZARDOUS MATERIALS (DOT/HAZMAT) TRAININGHAZARDS COMMUNICATION (HAZCOM) TRAININGSECURITY AWARENESS TRAINING
53 HAZARD COMMUNICATIONManufacturers or Suppliers are responsible for communicating the hazards of their materials (MSDS’s and labels)End users (employers) are responsible for communicating these hazards to their employees and having the information available.Employees are responsible for following the safety procedures for the hazardous materials they use.
54 HAZARD COMMUNICATIONHAZCOM is also called the “Right to Know” law. You have a right to know the hazards in your workplaceA Good Hazcom Program Consists Of:HAZARDS: Determining what they areWRITTEN PROGRAM: Describing how things are done and where information is keptLABELS to communicate hazardsMATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETSTRAINING of Employee
55 HAZARDS Health Hazards Physical Hazards Chemicals can enter the body by Inhalation, Absorption or IngestionTypes of health hazards: Irritant, Corrosive, Sensitizer, Teratogen/Mutagen, Carcinogen, ToxicPhysical HazardsFlammable, reactive, oxidizer, explosive, compressed gas, unstable, water reactive
56 WRITTEN PROGAM Describes the overall program at RBP Lists of chemicals usedHow MSDS’s are managedHow hazard labels (HMIS) are usedHow training is doneHow contractors are trained
57 HAZARD LABELS HMIS (Hazardous Material Identification System) Health Hazard (Acute)*Flammability*Reactivity*PPE* Scale of 0-4: 4 is the worst
58 MSDS’S Primary tool for communicating hazard information. Chemical IdentityPhysical/Chemical characteristicsRoutes of entryPermissible exposure levels (PEL)Carcinogen?Handling precautionsEngineering controls (e.g. ventilation)Emergency & 1st aid proceduresPreparation date (should be current)Contact informationNew requirements (ANSI)Environmental/transportation regulatory information
59 TRAINING Required for new employees, new job, new material(s) present Explanation of the Hazcom standardWhere hazards are presentLocation of written programs, lists, MSDS’sHow releases are detectedPhysical and health hazards in work areasProtection measures, including PPEDetails of the Hazcom program
60 HAZARD COMMUNICATION QUESTIONS Who is responsible for Hazcom?The person who delivers the materialThe manufacturerThe end userThe employeeAll of the aboveB-D aboveAll chemicals present some type of health hazard (T/F)What’s the primary tool for communicating hazards?A laptop and projectorThe MSDSLabelsTraining Program
61 HAZARD COMMUNICATION QUESTIONS What does HMIS stand for?Hazardous Materials Importance SystemHazardous Materials Identification SystemHazardous Materials Inventory SystemHoly Moly I’m Sure confusedA good Hazcom program consists of:Hazard determinationsA written programLabels & MSDS’sTrainingA video libraryAll of the aboveA-D Above
62 RBP CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES DOT/HAZARDOUS MATERIALS (DOT/HAZMAT) TRAININGHAZARDS COMMUNICATION (HAZCOM) TRAININGSECURITY AWARENESS TRAINING
63 SECURITY AWARENESS TRAINING OBJECTIVE: Provide training to all employees to “Reduce the vulnerability of RBP and its employees to attack by those who target companies that handle and transport hazardous chemicals.** From RBP’s Security Plan
64 SECURITY AWARENESS TRAINING Hazards at RBPClass 3 FlammablesClass 5.1 OxidizersClass 8 CorrosivesMaterials of possible interest to terroristsOxidizers (HNO3, Sodium Chlorate, H2O2)Ammonium SaltsFlammable solvents
65 SECURITY AWARENESS TRAINING BE AWARE OF THOSE AROUND YOU*BE AWARE OF WHAT’S AROUND YOU*BE AWARE OF NEW EMPLOYEES*REQUIREMENTS OF THE REGULATIONS*PROCEDURES FOR VISITORS AND ACCESS*RESTRICTIONS OF SENSITIVE INFORMATION** From RBP’s Security Plan
66 BE AWARE OF THOSE AROUND YOU Be aware* of unusual behaviorBe aware of highly stressed individualsBe on the lookout for unauthorized individuals on the premisesBe aware if new transport drivers arriveWhen in doubt, verifyWhen in doubt, notify supervision/mgt.*Aware means be vigilant, not overly suspicious.
67 BE AWARE OF WHAT’S AROUND YOU Be observantBe aware of new materials that are purchasedBe aware of unusual package or container conditions (gassing, bulging, tipping, etc.)Be aware of suspicious vehicles on siteIt’s like the unattended suitcase thing in an airportWhen in doubt, notify supervision/mgt.
68 BE AWARE OF NEW EMPLOYEES If you don’t recognize someone, ask.When in doubt, notify supervision/mgt.
69 REQUIREMENTS OF THE REGULATIONS Security trainingWritten security planVulnerability assessmentSecurity assessmentPersonnel assessment and securityDocument control
70 PROCEDURES FOR VISITORS/ACCESS All visitors must be accompanied by an RBP employeeTruck drivers are restricted to the shipping area*Unauthorized individuals should be questioned/challenged. Call managementRBP’s truck is locked at all times during transitThe RBP facility is protected by ADT.All entrances are closed and monitored during off-hoursFire & police tied into systemSecurity system access limited*Except for MEA, H2O2, K2CO3 tanker drivers
71 RESTRICTION OF SENSITIVE INFORMATION Objective is to prevent access to sensitive security information by unauthorized personnel.This applies to the following at RBPRBP Security PlanADT alarm system informationSecurity proceduresTraining materials and recordsFormulas and lists of chemicals used at RBP
72 SECURITY AWARENESS QUESTIONS Every chemical at RBP could be used by a terrorist (T/F)RBP has an open door policy (T/F)Terrorists typically fit one stereotype (T/F)Be cooperative, answer any question you are asked (T/F)When should hazmat transport vehicles be locked?When are hazardous materials most vulnerable?The new drivers licenses make them immune to forgery (T/F)Just because you don’t know someone in the plant, he probably has a legitimate reason to be here, and can go on his way (T/F)
73 SECURITY AWARENESS BE AWARE BE PROTECTIVE THINK OF THIS PLANT AS YOUR “HOUSE”. TREAT PERIMETERS, ACCESS AND VISITORS THE SAME AS YOU WOULD AT HOME