Presentation on theme: "Warsaw 03/04 Slide 1 Victimisation through the production and distribution of abuse images. Dr. Ethel Quayle and COPINE Project UCC Ireland."— Presentation transcript:
Warsaw 03/04 Slide 1 Victimisation through the production and distribution of abuse images. Dr. Ethel Quayle and COPINE Project UCC Ireland
Warsaw 03/04 Slide 2 COPINE Research Victims Offenders Images
Warsaw 03/04 Slide 3 Offending Behaviour Downloading TradingProducing Internet seduction All may be associated with contact offences
Warsaw 03/04 Slide 4 Function of images Fantasy and masturbation Collecting Emotional avoidance Social activity
Warsaw 03/04 Slide 5 Process model of offending Generation of a process model of offending: –Not all offenders engage in the same activities, but there are commonalities in the process. –Helps us understand what moves people along an offending chain. –Focus on observable behaviours, but also on private events (thoughts and feelings).
Warsaw 03/04 Slide 6 Probability of Risk Passive collecting Active collecting Social engagement Offline activity Facilitating/enabling social environment Are these critical points for concern in contact offending? Other factors: risk taking engagement with images chat or image focus Critical Points? Real life focus Playgrounds/ Parks Computer focus Collection Organisation, etc.
Warsaw 03/04 Slide 7 Abuse images and the Internet? Ease of access. Affordability Reduced risk (perceived anonymity). Ability to store and catalogue. Ability to build up large collections.
Warsaw 03/04 Slide 8 Impact of viewing on behaviour? Not a causal relationship, but viewing increases the likelihood of offending for at least some people. Viewing images that are highly deviant or violent increases this risk. Case study analysis indicates a disinhibiting effect of pornography on adolescent sexual behaviour (Cooper, 2004). Where impulse control is low, this may increase aggressive sexual behaviour.
Warsaw 03/04 Slide 9 Impact of viewing on adolescents Increased risk for negative development Viewers more likely to show deviant attitudes towards sexuality and intimate relationships. Perceptions of sexual dominance, submissiveness, sex-role stereotyping or viewing persons as sexual objects common. –Oddone-Paolucci and Genius (2002)
Warsaw 03/04 Slide 10 Perceived risks for adolescents Exposure to incorrect information about human sexual behaviour Exposure to age inappropriate sexual materials Potential to develop sexually compulsive behaviour Potential to develop sexual addiction Enhancement of deviant sexual fantasies Masturbation to materials downloaded –Longo (2004)
Warsaw 03/04 Slide 11 Adolescent victims and victimisers? Adolescent children are curious and interested about sexuality In many instances at least some of their sexual behaviour may be viewed as complinace (Lanning, 2002) - this does not detract from the illegality of the activity or shift notions of blame. Increasing accounts of self-victimisation - fits with risk taking behaviours in adolescence.
Warsaw 03/04 Slide 12 Gaps in our knowledge We are just beginning to understand the problem of young people with sexual behaviour problems and Internet use for sexual purposes. A growing number of cases appear to be presenting themselves in general mental health clinics as well as in sex-offence specific treatment programmes (Longo, 2004). There is a lack of scientific research related to children, young people and sexual activity on the Internet.
Warsaw 03/04 Slide 13 The COPINE Project University College Cork Ireland http//:copine.ucc.ie