Presentation on theme: "Shino Takayama The University of Sydney Faculty of Business and Economics Ch 18. Equity Valuation Model."— Presentation transcript:
Shino Takayama The University of Sydney Faculty of Business and Economics Ch 18. Equity Valuation Model
Models of Equity Valuation Basic Types of Models Balance Sheet Models Dividend Discount Models Price/Earning Ratios
Intrinsic Value and Market Price Intrinsic Value Self assigned Value Variety of models are used for estimation Market Price Consensus value of all potential traders Trading Signal IV > MP Buy IV < MP Sell or Short Sell IV = MP Hold or Fairly Priced
Models Dividend Discount Model No Growth Model Constant Growth Model Specified Holding Periods Model
Price Earnings Ratio P/E Ratios are a function of two factors Required Rates of Return (k) Expected growth in Dividends Uses Relative valuation Extensive Use in industry
Pitfalls in P/E Analysis Use of accounting earnings Historical costs May not reflect economic earnings Reported earnings fluctuate around the business cycle.
Other Valuation Ratios Price-to-Book Price-to-Cash Flow Price-to-Sales
Inflation and Equity Valuation Inflation has an impact on equity valuations. Historical costs underestimate economic costs. Empirical research shows that inflation has an adverse effect on equity values. Research shows that real rates of return are lower with high rates of inflation.
Low Equity Values with Inflation Shocks cause expectation of lower earnings by market participants. Returns are viewed as being riskier with higher rates of inflation. Real dividends are lower because of taxes.