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REVIEW Fully factorize

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factor perfect square trinomials.

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Factoring Chart This chart will help you to determine which method of factoring to use. TypeNumber of Terms 1. GCF 2 or more 2. Diff. Of Squares 2 3. Trinomials 3

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First terms: Outer terms: Inner terms: Last terms: Combine like terms. y 2 + 4y + 4 y2y2 +2y +4 Review: Multiply (y + 2) 2 (y + 2)(y + 2) Do you remember these? (a + b) 2 = a 2 + 2ab + b 2 (a - b) 2 = a 2 – 2ab + b 2 Using the formula, (y + 2) 2 = (y) 2 + 2(y)(2) + (2) 2 (y + 2) 2 = y 2 + 4y + 4 Which one is quicker?

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1) Factor x 2 + 6x + 9 Does this fit the form of our perfect square trinomial? 1)Is the first term a perfect square? Yes, a = x 2)Is the last term a perfect square? Yes, b = 3 3)Is the middle term twice the product of the a and b? Yes, 2ab = 2(x)(3) = 6x Perfect Square Trinomials (a + b) 2 = a 2 + 2ab + b 2 (a - b) 2 = a 2 – 2ab + b 2 Since all three are true, write your answer! (x + 3) 2 You can still factor the other way but this is quicker!

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2) Factor y 2 – 16y + 64 Does this fit the form of our perfect square trinomial? 1)Is the first term a perfect square? Yes, a = y 2)Is the last term a perfect square? Yes, b = 8 3)Is the middle term twice the product of the a and b? Yes, 2ab = 2(y)(8) = 16y Perfect Square Trinomials (a + b) 2 = a 2 + 2ab + b 2 (a - b) 2 = a 2 – 2ab + b 2 Since all three are true, write your answer! (y – 8) 2

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Factor m 2 – 12m (m – 6)(m + 6) 2.(m – 6) 2 3.(m + 6) 2 4.(m – 18) 2

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3) Factor 4p 2 + 4p + 1 Does this fit the form of our perfect square trinomial? 1)Is the first term a perfect square? Yes, a = 2p 2)Is the last term a perfect square? Yes, b = 1 3)Is the middle term twice the product of the a and b? Yes, 2ab = 2(2p)(1) = 4p Perfect Square Trinomials (a + b) 2 = a 2 + 2ab + b 2 (a - b) 2 = a 2 – 2ab + b 2 Since all three are true, write your answer! (2p + 1) 2

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Does this fit the form of our perfect square trinomial? 1)Is the first term a perfect square? Yes, a = 5x 2)Is the last term a perfect square? Yes, b = 11y 3)Is the middle term twice the product of the a and b? Yes, 2ab = 2(5x)(11y) = 110xy 4) Factor 25x 2 – 110xy + 121y 2 Perfect Square Trinomials (a + b) 2 = a 2 + 2ab + b 2 (a - b) 2 = a 2 – 2ab + b 2 Since all three are true, write your answer! (5x – 11y) 2

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Factor 9k k (3k + 2) 2 2.(3k – 2) 2 3.(3k + 2)(3k – 2) 4.Ive got no clue…Im lost!

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Factor 2r r prime 2.2(r 2 + 6r + 9) 3.2(r – 3) 2 4.2(r + 3) 2 5.2(r – 3)(r + 3) Dont forget to factor the GCF first!

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Determine if the trinomial is a perfect square trinomial. If so, factor the trinomial. 1.x x c 2 – 12c a 2 – 90ac + 81c 2 4.3a a + 48

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