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**Factoring Polynomials**

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**Example 1 Find factorizations of 6x2. (6)(x2) (1x)(6x) (1)(6x2)**

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**Example 2 Factor. a) 5x3 + 10 5( ) x3 + 2 b) 6x3 + 12x2 6x2( ) x + 2**

5( ) x3 + 2 b) 6x3 + 12x2 6x2( ) x + 2 c) 12u3v2 + 16uv4 4uv2( ) 3u2 + 4v2

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Practice Factor. 1) x2 + 3x 2) a2b + 2ab

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**Example 3 Factor. d) 18y4 – 6y3 + 12y2 e) 8x4y3 – 6x2y4**

f) 5x3y4 + 7x2z3 + 3y2z

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**Example 3 Factor. d) 18y4 – 6y3 + 12y2 6y2( ) 3y2 - y + 2**

e) 8x4y3 – 6x2y4 2x2y3( ) 4x2 - 3y f) 5x3y4 + 7x2z3 + 3y2z No common factors

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Practice Factor. 1) 3x6 – 5x3 + 2x2 2) 9x4 – 15x3 + 3x2

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Practice Factor. 3) 2p3q2 + p2q + pq 4) 12m4n4 + 3m3n2 + 6m2n2

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Factor by Grouping When polynomials contain four terms, it is sometimes easier to group like terms in order to factor. Your goal is to create a common factor. You can also move terms around in the polynomial to create a common factor. Practice makes you better in recognizing common factors.

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**Factoring Four Term Polynomials**

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**Factor by Grouping FACTOR: 3xy - 21y + 5x – 35**

Factor the first two terms: 3xy - 21y = 3y (x – 7) Factor the last two terms: + 5x - 35 = 5 (x – 7) The green parentheses are the same so it’s the common factor Now you have a common factor (x - 7) (3y + 5)

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**Factor by Grouping FACTOR: 6mx – 4m + 3rx – 2r**

Factor the first two terms: 6mx – 4m = 2m (3x - 2) Factor the last two terms: + 3rx – 2r = r (3x - 2) The green parentheses are the same so it’s the common factor Now you have a common factor (3x - 2) (2m + r)

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**Factor by Grouping FACTOR: 15x – 3xy + 4y –20**

Factor the first two terms: 15x – 3xy = 3x (5 – y) Factor the last two terms: + 4y –20 = 4 (y – 5) The green parentheses are opposites so change the sign on the 4 - 4 (-y + 5) or – 4 (5 - y) Now you have a common factor (5 – y) (3x – 4)

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