Presentation on theme: "Creating Shared Value The Social and Cultural Benefits of Tourism"— Presentation transcript:
1Creating Shared Value The Social and Cultural Benefits of Tourism Ken Robinson CBE FTS
2Tourism: Appreciation of the Benefits: Free market capitalism has been dependent on financial growthExpectations and results of Tourist Boards/Operators are measured by Volume and ValueWe have become pre-conditioned to measure success only through economic and numerical indicators:Volume and ValueTourist Numbers up/down by X%Profit Targets, ForecastsIncreasing SpendGrowing the margin
3Tourism: Financial, Social and Cultural Benefits Commercial organisations usually achieve success, and are judged by their ability to exploit all opportunities to maximise profit.Corporate Social Responsibility is seen by most “responsible” operators/businesses as an optional extra – delivering “good works”What have been the natural outcomes of market-driven tourism? The evidence is clear; outcomes often show that development erodes environment, visitor volumes overload resources, safety and sanitation come under threat, cultural traditions are distorted, community is alienated, social pressures build and can be difficult to overcome.
4Tourism: Social and Cultural Benefits: Tourism must be managed. Management can optimise results, minimise disbenefitsThe Management of Tourism is not the topic for nowSocial and Cultural Benefits:For who?The benefits that are derived by visitorsThe benefits that are gained by host communities
5Tourism: Social and Cultural Benefits: How are the benefits achieved?Social and Cultural benefits are an intrinsic consequence of tourism activitySocial and Cultural benefits can be identified, selected, enhanced, and manipulatedThe context for optimising Social and Cultural Benefits is active management:- by tourism operators/businesses- by the host community
6Tourism: Community Related Benefits Maintenance and improvement of the public realm including the development of infrastructure, facilities, and improvements to cleanliness, safety and amenity valueContributes to the viability of local services and facilities that are essential for host communities – eg., pubs, local shops, post offices.Encourages the protection of community assets, and preservation and protection of the natural and built environmentContributes to maintaining and enhancing cultural and heritage assets (can initially be seen as the only/main reason to save)Continuity of local traditions, festivals, cultural events, craftsThe appreciation of local food and drink including local marketsCreating and sustaining employment maintains viable communities, providing a stability to community lifeThe stimulation of local and civic pride, enhancing the sense of community and creating “social capital”
7Tourism: Visitor Related Benefits The enhancement of physical and psychological healthA catalyst for change, fresh ideas, new opportunities in a changing worldAn awareness and appreciation of other people and culturesThe improvement of “quality of life”Improved knowledgeThe encouragement to learn new skills, languages, etcReduction in anti-social behaviour
8Tourism: Social and Cultural Benefits: Unprompted recognition by Residents
9“5 ways to wellbeing” The New Economics Foundation’s Foresight Project:
10Tourism: Social and Cultural Benefits: The Social and Cultural benefits of Tourism are greatly under-appreciatedThere is vast untapped potential, and gain, for Tourism operators/businesses and communities, in recognising and exploiting these attributesBut old habits die hard….businesses, and incentivised staff, are likely to favour “volume and financial value” unless and until the true worth of social and cultural benefits are understood by all.