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AIRWAY MANAGEMENT Respiration Adequate Breathing Adequate Breathing Inadequate Breathing Inadequate Breathing Patient Assessment Patient Assessment Techniques.

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Presentation on theme: "AIRWAY MANAGEMENT Respiration Adequate Breathing Adequate Breathing Inadequate Breathing Inadequate Breathing Patient Assessment Patient Assessment Techniques."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 AIRWAY MANAGEMENT

3 Respiration Adequate Breathing Adequate Breathing Inadequate Breathing Inadequate Breathing Patient Assessment Patient Assessment Techniques of Artificial Ventilation Mouth to Mask BVM Airway Adjuncts Airway AdjunctsOPNP Suctioning Suctioning Oxygen Therapy Oxygen Therapy Oxygen Administration Hypoxia Oxygen Therapy Equipment Special Considerations

4 Nose/mouth – pharynx/oropharynx – Larynx – Trachea – Bronchi – Bronchioles – Lungs- Alveoli

5 The intercostal muscles and the diaphragm contract, increasing the size of the thoracic cavity. The diaphragm moves slightly downward, the ribs move upward/outward and air flows into the lungs Inhalation Exhalation is the reverse ALL IS NORMAL BASED ON………

6 RateRhythmQualityDepth 12-20regularbreath adequate sounds Skin is warm/pink/dry

7 Minute Volume The amount of air move through the lungs in one minute The higher the Minute Volume the more CO2 is being released And the opposite is true

8 Normal Minute Volume Normal Minute Volume 12bpm x 500 mL – 150 mL/bpm dead space= 4200mL/minute Dead space is air that does not take part in gas exchange

9 INADEQUATE BREATHING Respiratory Distress Respiratory Distress Respiratory Failure Respiratory Failure Respiratory Arrest Respiratory Arrest

10 Inadequate Breathing Defined Depth of breathing and rate fall outside normal limits

11 Signs of Inadequate Breathing Rate, rhythm, quality Skin color Cyanosis Use of Accessory Muscles Abnormal sounds Rales, Ronchi, Stridor, Wheezes

12 Considerations for Infants/Children Retractions Retractions Above the clavicles and between & below the ribs Nasal Flaring Nasal Flaring

13 Respiratory Distress Increased work of breathing Sensation of shortness of breath

14 Respiratory Failure The reduction of breathing to the point where oxygen intake is not sufficient to support life The reduction of breathing to the point where oxygen intake is not sufficient to support life

15 Respiratory Arrest Respiratory Arrest

16 Patient Assessment RateRhythm Quality 12-20RegularDepth (minute volume) None Too Fast Too Slow

17 Airway management: Unconscious Unconscious Open Airway Airway Adjunct Breathe Mouth to Mask with O2 BVM with O2 Airway adjunct AirwaySuction

18 Airway Adjuncts Airway Adjuncts Op airway Np airway

19 Airway devices Combi Tube King Airway

20 Suctioning Suctioning

21 Conscious Conscious Oxygen Therapy Nasal Canulae Non-Rebreather

22 Oxygen Therapy (administration) Examples requiring O2 administration: Respiratory or cardiac arrest Respiratory or cardiac arrest Heart attack Heart attack Stroke Stroke Shock Shock Blood loss Blood loss Lung disease Lung disease Broken bones Broken bones Head injuries Head injuries

23 Hypoxia An insufficiency of oxygen to the bodys tissues An insufficiency of oxygen to the bodys tissues Smoke Inhalation Smoke InhalationEmphysemaStoke Heart Attack

24 Cyanosis Cyanosis AMS AMS Brain is deprived of oxygen Restlessness


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