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CLINICAL DECISION MAKING. Critical Decision Making You will confront a situation that requires you to make a critical decision EMT-A as prehospital practitioners.

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Presentation on theme: "CLINICAL DECISION MAKING. Critical Decision Making You will confront a situation that requires you to make a critical decision EMT-A as prehospital practitioners."— Presentation transcript:

1 CLINICAL DECISION MAKING

2 Critical Decision Making You will confront a situation that requires you to make a critical decision EMT-A as prehospital practitioners of emergency medicine Need for critical decision making Situations will appear totally unfamiliar patients do not read the textbook

3 Clinical Judgment The use of knowledge and experience to diagnose patients and plan their treatment The use of knowledge and experience to diagnose patients and plan their treatment EMT-A Practice You must gather, evaluate and synthesize information You must gather, evaluate and synthesize information

4 Synthesize To form by combining parts or elements http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/synt hesize

5 EMT-A Practice Field diagnosis Field diagnosis Developing and implementing management plan Developing and implementing management plan Classes of patient acuity {the severity or acuteness of your patients condition}

6 Critically life-threatening Critically life-threatening Potentially life-threatening Potentially life-threatening Non-life-threatening Non-life-threatening Protocols and algorithms Protocols Protocols Standing orders Standing orders algorithms algorithms

7 Critical Thinking Skills The ability to think under pressure and make decisions that cannot be taught; it must be developed The ability to think under pressure and make decisions that cannot be taught; it must be developed Fundamental knowledge and abilities Knowing anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology Knowing anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology {disturbance of body functions}

8 Focusing on large amounts of data Focusing on large amounts of data Organizing information Organizing information Identifying and dealing with medical ambiguity Identifying and dealing with medical ambiguity Differentiating between relevant and irrelevant data Differentiating between relevant and irrelevant data Analyzing and comparing similar situations Analyzing and comparing similar situations Explaining decisions and constructing logical arguments Explaining decisions and constructing logical arguments

9 Differential field diagnosis Facilitating behaviors Stay calm Stay calm Plan for the worst Plan for the worst Work systematically Work systematically Remain adaptable Remain adaptable

10 Useful thinking styles Reflective vs. impulsive Reflective vs. impulsiveReflective Acting thoughtfully, deliberately and analytically Impulsive Acting instinctively, without stopping to think

11 Divergent vs. convergent Divergent vs. convergentDivergent Taking into account all aspects of a complex situation Convergent Focusing on only the most important aspect of a critical situation

12 Anticipatory vs. reactive Anticipatory vs. reactiveAnticipatory Looking ahead proactively to potential ramifications of actions Reactive Responding to events after they happen

13 Thinking Under Pressure When you must make a critical decision, physical influences may help or hinder your ability to think clearly When you must make a critical decision, physical influences may help or hinder your ability to think clearly Autonomic Nervous System Autonomic Nervous System Pseudo-instinctive Pseudo-instinctive Learned actions that are practiced until they can be done without thinking

14 Mental Check List Scan the situation Scan the situation Stop and think Stop and think Decide and act Decide and act Maintain control Maintain control Reevaluate Reevaluate

15 Critical Decision Process Your ability to analyze data effectively and devise a practical management plan optimizes patient care Form a concept Scene size-up and initial assessment Scene size-up and initial assessment Focused history and physical exam Focused history and physical exam

16 Interpret the Data Consider the most serious condition that fits your patients situation When clear diagnosis is unclear, base treatment on presenting signs and symptoms Apply the principles Devise management plan that covers all contingencies

17 Contingency: An event (as an emergency) that may but is not certain to occur Evaluate Perform on-going assessment Reflect Consult Emergency Physician Consult crew

18 THE 6 Rs Read the scene Read the scene Read the patient Read the patient React React Reevaluate Reevaluate Revise Revise review review


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