Presentation on theme: "1 Introduction to Deuteronomy 13 May 2007. 2 Moses three final sermons 1.What God has done (Dt. 1:1 – 4:43) (Historical) 2.What God expected of Israel."— Presentation transcript:
2 Moses three final sermons 1.What God has done (Dt. 1:1 – 4:43) (Historical) 2.What God expected of Israel (Dt. 4:44 – 26:19) (Legal) 3.What God will do (Dt. 27:1 – 33-29) (Prophetical)
3 Setting Spoken and recorded in the plains of Moab over a period of 1 month, around 1423 B.C. Moses last words to his followers Before he died Before Joshua led Israel into take Canaan Similar to Jesus Upper Room Discourse (John 13-17)
8 Names Hebrew name: Haddebharim = The Words Septuagint name: To Deuteronomion Touto = This Second Law = Adaptation & expansion of the original Law given on Mount Sinai Book of Remembrance Moses fifth book
9 Theme and Purpose Beware so you will not forget This emphasizes the danger of forgetfulness, because it leads to arrogance and disobedience. Remember two things: When you prosper as a nation, God caused it to happen because of your national obedience When things go bad for the nation, God caused it to happen because of your national disobedience.
10 Blessings and curses The promises of blessings and curses for the nation of Israel were NOT transferred to the Church. During the Church Age, God deals with individuals, not a nation, so He does not promise temporal prosperity to the individual believer. During the Church Age, trials are evidence that God is working in the believers life, and they also act as protection to help the believer from falling away from God.
11 Covenant renewal document (Format of treaties of Near Eastern peoples in Moses time) 1.Preamble – a list of parties making the treaty – God and Israel (Dt. 1:1-5) 2.Historical prologue – benevolent dealings of the king (Jehovah) in the past (Dt. 1:6-4:43) 3.Conditions of the covenant – obey all the commands of the Mosaic Law (Dt. 4:44-26:19)
12 Covenant renewal document (Format of treaties of Near Eastern peoples in Moses time) 4.Confirmation – blessings and curses (Dt. 27-30) 5.Provisions for maintaining the covenant – Moses appointed Joshua and gave his last words (Dt. 31-34)
13 Conditional vs. Unconditional Covenants God made Adam Individual & conditional Dont eat & live forever in paradise Became void after the fall Noah Corporate (all human race) & unconditional Never again destroy the earth by a flood
14 Conditional vs. Unconditional Covenants God made Abraham – Physical Individual & unconditional Physical descendents get land forever
15 Conditional vs. Unconditional Covenants God made Abraham – Spiritual Individual & conditional Righteousness credited to any individual who believes (both O.T. and N.T. saints) Nations blessed through O.T. and N.T. saints
16 Conditional vs. Unconditional Covenants God made Moses / Israel Corporate (for the nation Israel) Conditional – obey all the law and receive the blessings of God; or else receive curses Church (N.T. saints) Individual & conditional Believe in Jesus and be saved Faith must be shown by obedience & works
17 Commands in Deuteronomy Hear 50 times Do, keep and observe 177 times Obey God out of a heart of love 21 times
18 Outline of Deuteronomy 1.What God has done (Dt. 1:1 – 4:43) (Historical) 2.What God expected of Israel (Dt. 4:44 – 26:19) (Legal) 3.What God will do (Dt. 27:1 – 33-29) (Prophetical)
Bibliography Special thanks goes to the following: EBibleTeacher.com for their maps NASA for their Satellite images Bruce Wilkinson & Kenneth Boa for their information in Talk Thru the Bible Walt Henrichsen for his wisdom and insight shared during Bible studies he has led and in books, articles and e-mails he has written Edward Reese for his chronology and dating in The Reese Chronological Bible