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1 Introduction to the Book of Job 17 January 2008.

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1 1 Introduction to the Book of Job 17 January 2008

2 2 Names of the Book Hebrew: Iyyob, meaning either persecuted one or repentant one Greek: Iob Latin: Iob

3 3 Author of the Book Unknown; possible authors: Job Elihu Solomon Isaiah Moses (lived in Midian near Uz) Hezekiah Jeremiah Baruch Ezra

4 4 Date and Setting Unknown Probably occurred during the patriarchal period, around 2000 B.C. Animals showed wealth Job offered his own sacrifices, which means it was before the Mosaic Law was given (around 1422 B.C.) Perhaps written down around the time of Moses

5 5 Possible Location of Uz Land of Midian (where Moses lived for 40 years) Land of Uz Uz might have meant east

6 6 Book Outline ChaptersControversy 1 – 2Between God and Satan 3 – 37Between Job and his friends 38 – 42Of God and Job

7 7 Chapters 1-2 Jobs blessed circumstances Two gatherings in heaven Gods challenge to Satan Satans reply to God Gods permission to Satan The tests – losing kids, property and health Mrs. Jobs unbelief Jobs friends 7 days of comfort

8 8 Jobs blessed circumstances 7 sons, 3 daughters 7000 sheep 500 yoke of oxen 500 female donkeys Very large household Greatest man of all the people of the East Offered burnt offerings in case children sinned

9 9 Gatherings in heaven The sons of God and Satan twice presented themselves before the Lord (1:6, 2:1) Sons of God in Hebrew is bene-haelohim Ben = son of, Elohim = God Job 38:4,7 – when God laid the foundations of the earth, the sons of God shouted for joy So, the sons of God were angels Satan was the anointed cherub (Ezek. 28:14), the highest ranking angel until he rebelled

10 10 Gods challenge to Satan God said to Satan, Have you seen my servant Job? He fears Me and shuns evil. (Job 1:8, 2:3) This was like throwing meat to hungry dog. This was probably already about 2000 years after Satan tempted Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden. So Satan was already very experienced in getting people to turn away from God. Thats what he does best!

11 11 Satans reply to God Satan answered the Lord, Job just fears You for personal benefit. Take away his children, riches and good health, and hell curse you. (Job 1:9-11; 2:4,5) Most religions are like this: pragmatic, that is, people serve gods that they think will give them what they want. But 1 Cor. 8:6 says we exist for God (That means He doesnt exist for us.)

12 12 Gods permission to Satan God said to Satan, Go ahead and test Job! Take away his kids, animals and good health. Lets see what happens! (Job 1:12, 2:6) Temptation and test are the same word in Greek, peirasmos. So when Satan tempts us, its actually God testing us. Satans purpose for testing is to make us sin. Gods purpose for testing is to make us stronger.

13 13 Chapters 3 – 37

14 14 The debates on earth Job and his three friends went through three cycles of debate Jobs defenses were much longer than his friends accusations In the process of defending his innocence, he became guilty of self-righteousness None of them knew what went on earlier in heaven between God and Satan Today, when we go through Gods tests, we also do not usually know what God is doing.

15 15 Jobs friends EliphazBildadZopharElihu NameGod is gold Son of contention RoughHe is My God PersonalityConsiderateArgumentativeRude, bluntPerceptive, some conceit Relies onObservationTraditionAssumptionEducation Voice ofPhilosophyHistoryOrthodoxyLogic ArgumentIf you sin, you suffer You must be sinning You are sinning God purifies and teaches AdviceOnly the wicked suffer The wicked always suffer The wicked are short- lived Humble yourself and submit to God

16 16 Chapters 38 – 42 The Lord spoke to Job out of a whirlwind

17 17 The Deliverance of Job God questions and challenges Job Job he is vile; he surrenders; he has nothing to say. (40:4,5) God says thats not good enough: Would you indeed annul My judgment that you may be justified? (40:8) Can you do the powerful things I can do? Job confesses his lack of understanding and repents (42:2-6) True faith is commitment without knowing

18 18 Deliverance of Jobs 3 friends God rebuked the three friends God told them to offer seven bulls and seven rams and let Job pray for them They obeyed

19 19 Happy ending for Job God restored Jobs wealth twofold God gave Job seven more sons and three more daughters Job lived 140 more years and saw his great-great grandchildren – a sign of Gods blessing in Old Testament times (Dont expect this in New Testament times.)

20 20 Themes Spiritual war and Satan Testing of God and Satan The role of suffering Sovereignty of God Repentance and faith

21 21 Spiritual war & Satan Jesus said Satan comes to steal, kill and destroy (Jn. 10:10) Peter says Satan is a roaring lion seeking someone to eat (1 Pt. 5:8). But whenever he or his demons try to do something, its because God has sent them on that mission. We acknowledge Satan, but fear God. James 4:7 says, Submit yourselves to God. Resist the devil and he will flee from you.

22 22 Spiritual war & Satan Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil … having girded your waist with truth, having put on the breastplate of righteousness, and having shod your feet with the preparation of the gospel of peace; above all, taking the shield of faith with which you will be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked one. And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God; praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, being watchful to this end with all perseverance and supplication for all the saints. - Ephesians 6:11,14-18 NKJV

23 23 Testing of God and of Satan God testing us and Satan attacking us are really the same thing. So Jesus taught us to pray, Our Father in heaven … lead us not into temptation / testing (Mt. 6:9,13) God will test us, but when we are tested, we face potential failure, so we ask Him to not test us. When God tests us, we need the whole armor of God – truth, righteousness, gospel of peace, faith, salvation, Word of God, prayer

24 24 The role of suffering Rom. 5: 1-11 – Results of Justification The purpose of our suffering is to help us develop a Biblical hope; that is, to make us not expect things from God that He has not promised in scripture (1-5) Christ died for us when we were His enemies, but now we have peace with God and are saved from His wrath, so when He disciplines us, we can trust Him (6-11)

25 25 The role of suffering Hebrews 12:1-11 – Gods Discipline Whom the Lord loves he disciplines If you are without discipline, you are illegitimate and not sons No discipline seems pleasant at the time but painful. Later on, however, it produces a harvest of peace for those who have been trained by it.

26 26 The role of suffering Suffering is Gods discipline for His children His goal is correction to develop godly behavior His goal is not punishment; thats for later So the goal is not to execute justice It is like a scalpel in the hand of a surgeon Its not from evil intent, so its not like a dagger in the hand of an assassin So thank God for it!

27 27 The benefits of suffering But He knows the way that I take, and when He has tested me I will come forth as gold. (Job 23:10) Consider it a pure joy, my brothers, whenever you face various trials, because you know that the testing of your faith produces perseverance. Perseverance must finish its work, so that you may be mature and complete, not lacking anything. (James 1:2-4)

28 28 Sovereignty of God And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love Him and who are called according to His purpose. (Romans 8:28)

29 29 Repentance and faith In Job 40:4,5 Job gave up, but God went on for two more chapters. Then Job repented. He would rather be Gods obedient servant than anything else. Jesus said, Come to me all you who are weary and heavy burdened … take My yoke upon you and learn form Me. (Mt. 11:28,29) You are going to wear the yoke, whether Jesus yoke or someone elses. God will only accept repentance and faith in His Word. Being good is not good enough.

30 30 Application 1.Be aware of the spiritual battle going on around you, especially in the area of interpersonal relationship. Satan loves to divide and conquer. 2.Put on the full armor of God (Eph. 6) – truth, righteousness, gospel of peace, faith, salvation, the Word of God and prayer

31 31 Application 3.Avoid the tendency to assume that your suffering or others suffering is due to sin, because innocent people suffer too. 4.Dont assume that you know with certainty what God is doing in your life or someone elses life. We walk by faith, not by sight, so we can never be 100% sure.

32 32 Application 5.Learn to trust Gods goodness and power in the midst of trials and suffering or through tough circumstances. 6.In the midst of adversity and tragedy, dont ask Why? ask Who is causing it? 7.Put your hope in God no matter what.

33 33 Application 8.Bear one anothers burdens (Gal. 6:2). 9.Be slow to judge others circumstances (Mt. 7:1-5). 10. Dont be like Mrs. Job, Eliphaz, Bildad or Zophar, but instead be a wise friend: Someone who gets the facts straight before making accusations, and Someone who comforts and encourages friends when they are suffering.

34 34 Application 11. When your friends seem to be breaking Gods commandments and you feel responsible to confront them: First ask questions to understand the situation before making accusations Only make accusations when you have clear facts Otherwise, wait for God to reveal more

35 35 Application 12. When others accuse you of wrong-doing Repent if you think they are correct Otherwise, thank them for their concern, briefly defend yourself and then spend time alone in prayer, asking God to show you if you are really guilty.

36 36 Application 12. Develop an eternal hope, and dont expect God to do things for you in this life that He hasnt promised to do for you in the Bible. 13. Ask God to help you become like Job – His obedient servant, whom He can trust to pass through any of Satans attacks.

37 Bibliography Special thanks goes to the following: for their maps NASA for their Satellite images Bruce Wilkinson & Kenneth Boa for their information in Talk Thru the Bible Walt Henrichsen for his wisdom and insight shared during Bible studies he has led and in books, articles and s he has written Edward Reese for his chronology and dating in The Reese Chronological Bible

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