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NatPaCT works with Primary & Care Trusts to help them learn & grow together, as connected and competent organisations and leaders of radical change.

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Presentation on theme: "NatPaCT works with Primary & Care Trusts to help them learn & grow together, as connected and competent organisations and leaders of radical change."— Presentation transcript:



3 NatPaCT works with Primary & Care Trusts to help them learn & grow together, as connected and competent organisations and leaders of radical change to improve health & services for patients.

4 Chronic Eye Disease Management in Community Settings: First Report of the Eye Care Services Steering Group

5 Bob Ricketts Head of Access Policy Development & Capacity Planning Department of Health

6 David Hewlett Head of Dental and Optical Commissioning Group

7 Rosie Winterton MP Minister of State Department of Health

8 Blindness: Vision The Global Initiative for the Elimination of Avoidable Blindness disease prevention and control training of personnel strengthening of the existing eye care infrastructure use of appropriate and affordable technology mobilisation of resources

9 NHS PLAN Core Principles 3,4,8 The NHS will shape its services around the needs and preferences of individual patients, their families and their carers The NHS will respond to different needs of different populations The NHS will work together with others to ensure a seamless service for patients

10 Fair for all and personal to you John Reid 16 July 2003

11 Eye Care Services Steering Group Set up by Ministers in December 2002 Worked on GMS, dentistry and pharmacy and ophthalmics now moving forward Growing need for eyecare services and major quality of life issues

12 Source ONS

13 Half of over 65s have impaired vision in one or both eyes Increase in elderly

14 Four Pathways Cataract Glaucoma Age Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD) Low Vision Services Diabetic retinopathy being tackled separately as part of Diabetes NSF

15 Design Principles Make best use of available resources Have fewer steps for the user Make more effective use of professional resource Show a high standard of clinical care with good outcomes Improve access and deliver greater patient choice Evidence based

16 Conclusions Primary care ophthalmic services need to be developed to meet demographic demand Partnerships with primary & secondary care, patients and carers essential Integrated IT needed but not prerequisite Voluntary agency and social services involvement important

17 Care Pathways Designed to Achieve: Integrated eye care services Better use of skills in primary care Increased amount of care for all in accessible primary care settings Increased role for professional groups in primary care

18 Recommendations Cataract pathway to be implemented when waiting times reduced to 3 months £73million additional funding to achieve 3 month cataract waits by December 2004 Glaucoma pathway to be piloted initially ARMD and Low Vision to be taken forward within existing funds £4million for innovative projects and pilots GOS Regulations to be amended to allow direct referral by optometrists

19 Why are we here? Share our report with you Consider, if you agree with us, how we take it forward together


21 Elizabeth Frost Director Association of Optometrists & Chair, Cataract Working Group


23 Background Mainly elderly population Many misconceptions about cataract surgery Changes in HES Action on Cataracts

24 Current Cataract Pathway 1.Patient reports sight problem to GP 2.Patient goes to optometrist/OMP for sight test and optometrist/OMP refers patient to GP 3.Patient goes to GP, referred to HES 4.Patient seen at HES, cataract confirmed, decision to operate, and put on waiting list 5.Patient attends HES for pre-op assessment 6.Patient attends HES for day case surgery 7.Patient attends HES for 24 hr check 8.Patient attends HES for 6 week check, 2nd eye discussed 9.Patient attends optometrist/OMP for sight test and new specs.

25 Proposed Cataract Pathway 1.Patient attends optometrist/OMP for sight test, cataract diagnosed and discussed, general risks & benefits of surgery explained, current medication listed, patient information given, and appointment made for HES, with choice of provider (copy of referral to GP for info) 2.Patient attends HES to see ophthalmologist and for pre-op assessment 3.Patient attends HES for day case surgery 4.Patient attends HES/optometrist/OMP for 24/48 hr check OR is phoned by cataract nurse to check progress (agreed locally) 5.Patient attends optometrist/OMP for final check and sight test, 2nd eye discussed.

26 Proposed Cataract Pathway 1. Patient attends optometrist Sight test, cataract diagnosed and discussed General risks and benefits of surgery discussed Patient wishes to proceed, information given etc Patient offered choice of hospital and appointment agreed 2. Patient attends HES Outpatient appointment with ophthalmologist* pre-assessment (with nurse?) Date for surgery arranged/agreed (* details of medication etc received from optometrist, GP or patient as per local protocols ) 3. Patient attends HES Day case surgery undertaken 4. Patient attends HES or Optometrist Final check Sight test Discharged or 2 nd eye discussed and appointment arranged Start Finish

27 Who should be referred? Not a fast track service Suitable for those who – –have a cataract that is interfering with their daily living –have been given basic information about cataract surgery, and risks / benefits –want to have surgery

28 Evidence of Success Several services developed and audited 90%+ referrals proceeding to surgery cf 80% for traditional referrals Reduced time to surgery from 12 to 3 months Surgical outcomes meet RCO guidelines Reduced DNA rates Greater nurse involvement High patient satisfaction

29 Constraints to Success Not funded centrally through GOS budget To be funded by existing PCT budgets Investment needed in equipment and staffing Needs mutual inter-professional trust and teamwork Lack of IT booking links will hamper

30 Key Recommendations for local action Reduce number of steps in pathway Eliminate duplication Improve IT links – optometrist/OMP/HES Develop protocols for discharge from HES to optometrist/OMP with audit feedback Agree funding


32 Stephen Vernon Royal College of Ophthalmologists & Chair, Glaucoma Working Group

33 Chronic Glaucoma gives tunnel vision 10 years


35 Testing for glaucoma

36 UK population by age Age range


38 Estimated numbers of glaucomas in UK by age (1000s) Age

39 Current Glaucoma Pathway (Hospital Based Care) 1.Single screening opportunity by community optometrists with no standardised protocols 2.Diagnosis and continued care for life of all glaucoma (and many suspects) within Hospital Eye Service by ophthalmologists

40 Proposed Pathway (Community Based Care) 1.Community optometrists work to nationally agreed screening protocols which permit refinement of tests prior to referral 2.Glaucoma suspects and stable glaucoma patients managed in the community by COs and OMPs with interaction of community and HES teams where appropriate

41 The 5 Care Pathways Care Pathway 1 Ocular Hypertension Care Pathway 2 Glaucoma without other eye disease Care Pathway 3 Glaucoma suspect on discs and/or fields Care Pathway 4 Glaucoma in presence of other significant eye disease Care Pathway 5 Refinement of community optometric referrals

42 Proposed Glaucoma Pathway 1. Patient attends community optometrist (CO) Sight test, IOP over 21 (applanation tonometry) and/or visual field defect and/or excavated discs Patient/optometrist makes appointment with optometrist with special interest in glaucoma (OSI) or OMP 2. Patient attends OSI or OMP Full history and assessment carried out according to protocol Decision taken as to whether patient has ocular hypertension (OSI/OMP reviews) or can be discharged (return to CO) or has glaucoma (treat or refer to HES) Patient advised, given information etc and further appropriate appointments made if needed 3. OSI/OMP relays data to HES HES reviews data, advises OSI/OMP regarding management and sets up review at HES if needed 4. OSI/OMP manages patient in community setting Regular reviews set in place OSI/OMP relay data to hospital if significant progression for HES review if needed Start

43 Evidence Base Only 33% of suspect glaucoma referrals found to have glaucoma by HES Optometrists with additional training can assist in glaucoma management freeing up ophthalmologist and hospital time Refinement of referrals for suspect glaucoma by specially trained optometrists reduces HES referrals

44 Constraints to Achievement Funding issues - increased revenue costs Training requirements Legal issues for prescribing rights Information Technology issues Communication Record keeping Audit

45 Key Recommendations for Local Action Community optometrists conform to College guidelines for referral of glaucoma suspects HES services utilise optometrists to assist in glaucoma care within the HES Community refinement of optometric referrals established utilising OMPs and optometrists with a special interest in glaucoma Community care of straightforward glaucoma cases by OMPs and optometrists with a special interest in glaucoma


47 Frank Munro President College of Optometrists & Chair, ARMD Working Group

48 OBJECTIVES Map out the current care pathway Identify inhibitors & barriers to change Identify areas for improvement Develop proposals for a new integrated care pathway for patients with ARMD

49 WHAT IS AGE RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION(ARMD)? Acquired condition - > over 60 years Wet & Dry forms Affects central vision Almost 1 million in England Commonest cause of irremediable visual loss Accounts for 14% blind & partially sighted registrations ( 50% for those > 65yrs) Limited credible treatment options

50 ASSOCIATION BETWEEN VISUAL IMPAIRMENT &….. Increased mortality Increased morbidity / falls / fractures Increased road accidents Increased anxiety & depression Poorer self care & independence Greater need for community & institutional resources Social isolation - quality of life Loss of income

51 DEMOGRAPHICSAMD 1998 approximately approximately 8.3 on people over the age of 65 in England and Wales –4.3 million have impaired vision –AMD is the leading cause in over 65s By 2020 –A 25% increase in the over 65 population is expected –Incidence of ARMD expected to rise by 31%

52 AMD: A Growing Problem Burden recognised by government –NSF for Older People Vision impairment is an intrinsic risk factor for falls –NICE: Recent guidance on PDT for wet-AMD NICE to review new treatments in 2005 In meeting future demand, service will have to respond to increasing patient numbers and delivering new therapies

53 Current Services There are many good points about todays services: –Access to angiography in most (if not all) eye departments –Access to Argon laser in all eye departments –Great awareness of AMD in general optical services –Prompt access for suspected wet AMD in most secondary care sites –In some centres access to LVA, LV1, social services advice is almost one stop

54 Current ARMD Pathway Patient reports visual problem GP refers patient to HES OR Patient is referred to an optometrist ARMD is diagnosed Patient is referred to HES via GP Fluorescein angiography carried out Any credible treatment option considered Patient managed by HES or by Low Vision Service Patient registered Referred for Social Service & Rehabilitation support

55 Problems with Current Services Can be a lack of collaboration / communication between healthcare and social service providers Lack of timely diagnosis and ease of access to treatments / social services for patients with AMD

56 What do patients want from future services? Rapid and precise diagnosis in primary care Access to medical retina specialists advice Rapid access to treatment when appropriate Access to LVA services to make best use of remaining sight Understand risk factors Improved communication between: –Clinicians and patients –Different service providers Further research

57 Need to Manage AMD Differently Improve collaboration / communication between healthcare and social service providers Ensure timely diagnosis and ease of access to treatments / social services for patients with AMD


59 Summary of Evidence 2/3rds with vision impairment are over 65 years of age ARMD commonest cause of irremediable serious visual loss in people over 65 years of age Macular degeneration - 14% of new partial sight & blind registrations for working population (aged 16-64) Exponential increase in ARMD over the age of 75 Demographic shifts in population - increase of approximately 30% over next 20 years Reductions in contrast sensitivity, depth perception and peripheral vision linked with risk of falls or hip fracture Visual impairment important risk factor for hip fracture and falls

60 Inhibitors and Barriers Adequate Funding – fees, IT etc Human resources / recruitment Patient / Practitioner Communication Competitive behaviour Lack of Inter Professional Collaboration Lack of patient understanding Lack of trust Poor understanding / recognition of the role of other professionals

61 Key recommendations for local action Community optometrists encouraged to comply with College of Optometrists guidelines when examining older people Direct referral to the HES by optometrists should be introduced Care networks involving all carers established to ensure comprehensive care for all patients within an integrated structure Best possible patient care to be the clear focus of all involved


63 Elizabeth Bates Co- Director, Greater Manchester Childrens Network & Chair Low Vision Services Working Group

64 Aim of Pathway A growing number of the most vulnerable people in this country experience a quality of life that is significantly, but unnecessarily, diminished for the want of basic, relatively inexpensive health care (RNIB 1999)

65 Key Issues Vast majority of people with low vision are over 70 Most people with low vision retain some sight Sight can be maximised by: –prompt advice and counselling –early assessment –provision of appropriate low vision aids (LVAs) and training in their use Effective low vision services can reduce admissions to residential care

66 Current Low Vision Pathway Fragmented Wide variation re access & quality Referral from optometrist (often via GP) to HES Uni-disciplinary Lack of information, signposting & awareness Long waiting times Initiation of LV services ONLY after ophthalmological assessment

67 Proposed Low Vision Pathway(1) Emphasis on low vision services not provision of low vision aids Led by Primary or Social Care Partnership Approach Providing Services which promote: –Awareness –Timeliness –Accessible

68 Proposed Low Vision Pathway(2) Establishment of a key worker model Registration not a pre-requisite Medical assessment not a pre-requisite Services enable re-access and re- assessment Better utilisation of relevant health & social care professionals

69 4. Service enables re-access Proposed Low Vision Pathway 1. Patient referred to Low Vision Service (LVS) Referral may be from secondary care, GP, social worker, rehabilitation officer, community nurse, OT etc or may be self referral Patient may have an LVI, RVI or CVI All patients are contacted by LVS within 10 working days 2. Patient attends LVS Service is seamless across health, social care and the voluntary sector A full sight test forms part of assessment Patient is given information on eye condition, entitlements etc as well as local services Counselling and advice on employment or education is available Spectacles, LV aids, advice (esp. lighting, contrast and size) and home adaptations are discussed and made available as appropriate Referral to other areas of health and social care as needed, including certification 3. Patient has follow up visits as needed Visits may take place in the patients home or elsewhere Visit will be by appropriate member of the LV team Start

70 Recommendations National Action Develop national eligibility criteria & core standards Review existing funding streams Understand workforce implications Develop generic training programme Audit existing services Local Action Develop local partnership arrangements with designated lead officer/organisation Integrate LV assessment into the Single Assessment process for older people Move to provision of LV aids via a loans service Consider opportunities offered under the new GMS contract for LV screening


72 Benefits, Next Steps, Commissioning Options

73 Benefits for patients Better care: access speed convenience

74 Benefits for the NHS shorter waiting times better use of skills better value for money

75 Review of General Ophthalmic Services Department reviewing General Ophthalmic Services Currently a central budget for limited service - need to consider if that supports modernisation proposals

76 Next Steps Local commissioning and planning across sectors to deliver integrated service Pathways a resource to inform planning and provide ideas for development Flexibilities in current system allow for progress now

77 Commissioning Options PCTs can already purchase services in primary or secondary care PCTs can joint fund with social services to deliver integrated service



80 Delivering Effective Patient Choice in Cataract Surgery Ann Wagner Programme Director West Yorkshire Patient Choice

81 Delivering Effective Patient Choice in Cataract Surgery Choice and wider system reform context West Yorkshire Patient Choice Cataract Pilot Opportunities and Challenges

82 What is Choice all about? Dept of Health policy to deliver more choice and certainty to patients Starting with choice of elective care, choice will eventually be rolled out to all service areas Starting with choice of when and where, choice will be expanded to include choice of what and who Needs to be seen in context of wider system reform agenda linked to financial flows – payment by results, agenda for change, booking, e booking and NPFIT and plurality and diversity agenda. A key enabler for choice is booking and e booking

83 Choice Targets From end April 2004, patients waiting over 6 months to be offered choice of at least one alternative provider From January 2005, all cataract patients to be offered a choice of at least two providers at point of referral From April 2005, heart surgery patients to be offered choice of hospital at point cardiologist refers them to a cardiothoracic surgeon From December 2005, all patients requiring elective care to be offered choice at point of referral of 4 or 5 alternatives


85 West Yorkshire Patient Choice Cataract Pilot Community of Interest: 15 PCTs 5 Acute Trusts 4 LOCs Host PCT with DTC capacity and capability Clinical Engagement Supportive SHA Financial support of DoH

86 West Yorkshire Patient Choice Cataract Pilot Aim: to improve the patient experience by: Giving patients much greater influence over treatment Reduce waiting times Increase activity Improve service delivery Challenge ways of working Focus: day case cataract surgery at Westwood Park DTC


88 West Yorkshire Patient Choice Cataract Pilot Choice Objectives: Targeting long waiters Choice in secondary care Choice in primary care To support West Yorkshire Health Community in delivering choice for all

89 West Yorkshire Patient Choice Cataract Pilot Developing clinical and patient pathways Process mapped existing pathways and practice Benchmarked against best and recommended practice Considered options and where to put choice for greatest benefit Agreed way forward including supporting common information, referral forms, Optom fees and clinical audit

90 Optometrist Outpatient waiting list Where do we offer Choice and Booking? Booking Inpatient/ Daycase Treatment Assessment 3 mth max Choice Post Op Assessment Optometrist Sight Check Who offers Choice? Who makes the booking?

91 West Yorkshire Patient Choice Cataract Pilot Opportunities: Improve the patient experience Strengthen community of interest Explore single site capacity expansion Test out national tariff Develop more effective pathway Take a proactive, patient centred approach to evaluation and peer review Pilot choice

92 West Yorkshire Patient Choice Cataract Pilot Challenges: Corporate buy in Optometrists fees Putting choice into the pathway Loss of control Conflicting policies/ competing priorities Referral thresholds and discharge protocols Data and patient tracking Transport Not reinventing the wheel

93 And should there be a sudden loss of consciousness during this meeting oxygen masks will drop from the ceiling


95 Contact Details Ann Wagner Programme Director West Yorkshire Patient Choice Tel: , E mail :


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