Presentation on theme: "Some Questions? What is Assessment for Learning?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Some Questions? What is Assessment for Learning? Where has it come from?Why should it interest us?How do we make it part of every lesson?How do we take it forward whole school?
2 A fresh look at Assessment… 1998 Black and William commissioned to find out whether formative assessment could be shown to raise levels of attainment…They embarked on a year long trawl through all studies since 1988 which involved any aspect of formative assessment e.g. sharing learning goals, pupil self assessment, etc – many studies were rejected through lack of rigour. They decided only to take account of studies where a control group had been set up and children had been tested both before and after the trial so learning gains could be measured and compared.
3 Why should this be of interest to us ? What’s on radio W.I.I.F.M.Tonight?Why should this be of interest to us ?Very well researched and shown to have a dramatic impact on attainment at all levelsFits in well with what we already do.Involves students more closely in the learning process – partners in learningTeaching students how to be involved in their own assessment cuts down workload for teachers – more students get it right first time, peer and self assessment becomes part of process.
4 Inhibiting factors identified included A tendency for teachers to assess quantity of work and presentation rather than the quality of learningGreater attention given to marking and grading, much of it tending to lower the self-esteem of pupils, rather than to provide advice for improvementA strong emphasis on comparing pupils with each other which demoralises the less successful learnersTeachers’ feedback to pupils often serves managerial and social purposes rather than helping them to learn more effectively
5 Effective Teacher Feedback Describes why an answer is right or wrong in specific terms that students understand. Students can even generate their own feedback by comparing their work with teacher generated exemplars or posted samples. They can then compare their own feedback with that of the teacher.Teacher feedback should provide clear ways for students to improve in clear constructive language.Teacher feedback happens throughout the learning process.
6 How Do I Close the Gap? Comment only marking! Written feedback should include prompts for improvementStudents should get opportunity to respond to feedback immediatelyStudents should have frequent opportunities to peer and self assess against agreed quality criteria
8 Creating the learning Environment Create the learning environment by:SmilingUsing “we” languageLanguage focussed on learning IntentionsAffirmation posters on the wallMaking your room a No Put Down ZoneHaving a colourful and stimulating and relevant display on the wallsArranging the furniture to facilitate the learningPlaying music to set a particular mood
9 Connect the LearningTeacher might use this feedback to spend time at beginning of lesson looking again at questions students have raisedConnect the Learning by:getting students to write down the 3 most important things they learned from the previous lesson - then pair share it with a friend and try to make it up to 5Getting students to solve anagrams of keywords from previous lessonTeacher may give back pieces of work he/she has marked and allow response time“You only understand information relative to what you already understand”
10 “Can’t do a jigsaw without looking at the picture on the box” Big Picture FirstUnsure how to show the Big Picture:Use Big Pictures - post images relating to the whole topic around the roomUse module mapsMake a keyword display and get students to add to a keyword glossary each lessonMake reference to how work will be assessed“Can’t do a jigsaw without looking at the picture on the box”
11 Share the Learning Outcomes Let students know what “they will be able to do by the end of the lesson that they could not do beforeWrite learning outcomes clearly in a prominent place in the classroom so students can see themRefer to learning outcomes throughout the lesson“Do your pupils have a clue as to why they are learning what they are learning - have you told them”
12 WILF AND TIBSWhat I’m Looking For….Is for you to be able to use a range of graphic organisers to note down information quickly and easily. You will begin to think about how you organise information.This Is Because…We are often asked to deal with a large quantity of information and to make sense of it quickly and easily – graphic organisers will help you to do this.this
13 Our Success criteria are… AndOur Success criteria are…We’ll be able to use our completed sun burst organisers to tell somebody else the details of both “Mauro’s” story and the audio tape storyWe’ll Know we’ve achieved this because…
14 Learning Outcomes“To understand the difference between 4 different elements of fitness”“To be able to explain how metamorphic rocks are formed”“All students must be able to list the factors that have led to an increase in the use and variety of food packaging in society”“To understand what happens in Act 3 sc1 lines 1-99”Discuss what “success criteria” you would attach to theabove learning outcomes
15 Clear learning outcomes – these should be displayed in a prominent position in the classroom and referred to throughout the lesson.It is explained to students how the learning outcomes are relevant and of use to them.
16 What does success “look” like What does success “look” like? – arrived at through discussion with classTeach students to recognise qualityDiscuss exemplar pieces of work – get students to rank pieces of work and explain their thoughtsAgree quality criteriaFeedback/marking should refer to quality criteria
17 Introduce Information Introduce new information through V A KSee itHear itTouch itand if possibleTaste itSmell itTeacher may get students to look at a gallery of exemplar work at different levels and get students to rank work against quality criteria
18 Activity Create a culture of Questioning in the classroom Body Bop Frequent opportunities for discussionAllow “Think” timeKey opportunity for Questioning in the classroom – both asking students open ended questions and encouraging students to ask questions of each other.Adopt a “Hands” down policyLanguage in classroom is focussed on learning outcomesBody Bop
19 Demonstrate new Understanding Students show they understand by:Give students some answers that are clearly wrong and ask them to correct themStudents mark a piece of work against a mark schemeWhy not get students to demonstrate their understanding by setting tests or quizzes for each other – ask your friends some really challenging questions –but you need to know how to explain it yourself!Students create a summary of what a “A” grade student would need to know
20 Review Review not just what you learned but how you learnt it: Use the “question wall”The block it review - 3 things I leaned, 2 questions I still want to ask, one thing I already knewKey opportunity for peer feedback against “success” criteriaKey opportunity for individual target settingKey opportunity for self assessment and review
21 Part of our PlanningAssessment for learning needs to be a planned part of our Schemes of Work – lesson plans need to make specific reference to how Assessment for learning is being addressed in the lesson
22 We will know we have been successful when… …Learners are able to make sense of where they are in their own learning, where they are going, and how to improveAutonomous learners engaging in Assessment for Learning for themselves