Rudbeckia hirta - black-eyed Susan Hemerocallis - day lily Attraction: Visual Bulls Eye
Gaillardia grandiflora - Indian blanket flower Standard Black and White Image = all colors Black and White Image - minus red Black and White Image - UV only
Nectar Guides Nice scent too!
Osmophores: release scent as alternate attractant Sometimes the scent is the reward… A behavioral reward!
rhoen.de/Bitmaps/34%20Ophrys%20ins ectifera.jpg Ophrys insectifera with pollinator Argogorytes mystaceus Bergstrm, G. (1978) Role of volatile chemicals in Ophrys-pollinator interactions In Biochemical Aspects of Plant and Animal Coevolution (J. B. Harborne, ed.), Academic Press, London.
Beetles as pollinators: lousy flight accuracy, heavy feeding Target is large Alternate entry Heavy flower parts Pollen load is heavy Fantasy Island… Or Nightmare Island?
Hovering Birds and Sequence! Perching Birds Same Sequence Stiff-Leaf Perches!
Asclepias - Milkweed and Monarchs
Kalmia - mountain laurel
Nectar spur: a pouch containing phloem exudate
Darwin described an orchid, Angraecum sesquipedale from Madagascar with an 11.5-inch nectar spur! He predicted that there would be a pollinating animal with 11.5-in mouthparts to drink the nectar, but never found the animal. Much later (1903), Xanthopan morgani predicta, its pollinator was found with an 11.5-inch siphon!
Wind Pollination: Corn (Zea mays)
Male flowers in the tassel Huge numbers of small, dry pollen grains, shed from high on plant. Perianth small, greenish, no nectar