Presentation on theme: "Today’s Quote Use soft words and hard arguments English Proverb."— Presentation transcript:
1 Today’s QuoteUse soft words and hard argumentsEnglish Proverb
2 Parts of an Argument I Claim: an expressed opinion or conclusion e.g. “CSI” is an excellent TV show”
3 Parts of an Argument II Claim Evidence: observable or previously accepted statementse.g. It has good acting, good writing and good production.
4 Parts of an Argument III ClaimEvidenceReasoning: constructs a reasonable and rational link between the evidence and the claim.e.g. Good acting, writing and production are the key elements of a good TV drama.
5 Listen UP!Decide if the statement you hear is an argument or not.
6 Foundations of Critical Thinking Questioning HabitPerspective TakingClarifying Meaning and AssumptionsEvaluating SupportEngaging in Critical Inferences and Comparison
7 Characteristics of Critical Thinking Clarity: could you illustrate what you mean?Accuracy: could we find out if that is true?Precision: could you be more specific?
8 Characteristics of Critical Thinking Relevance: how does that help us with this issue?Depth: what factors make this a difficult problem?Breadth: what other points of view need to be considered?
9 Characteristics of Critical Thinking Logic: does what you say follow from the evidence?Significance: how important is this factor in the overall discussion?Fairness: have we represented various positions honestly?
10 Characteristics of Critical Thinking ClarityAccuracyPrecisionRelevanceDepthBreadthLogicSignificanceFairness
11 ApplicationWork with a partner to take either the list just discussed or the attributes listed in chapter 10 of the Debater’s Guide and prioritize your top three. Be able to offer arguments for your choices.
12 Induction vs. Deduction Major PremiseCategorical truthMinorPuts specific case in a categoryConclusionNecessarily follows from premisesReasons from “known” to “known”InductionSeries of minor premises that lead to a probable general conclusionReasons from what is “known” to what is probable.