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Published byDonna Goodman Modified over 5 years ago

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Motion Graphs Your introductory or title slide should convey the overall “feeling” and focus of your presentation. For instance, I typically present about small-business trends, new business ideas, growth opportunities or other positive trends. In this sample presentation, I’m talking about new business ideas, so I used a sun graphic in this slide template to convey a positive feeling. Personalize this slide template with your company’s logo. To add a logo to all slides, place it on the Slide Master. To access the Slide Master, on the Themes tab of the Ribbon, click Edit Master and then click Slide Master. Disclaimer: You understand that Microsoft does not endorse or control the content provided in the following presentation. Microsoft provides this content to you for informational purposes only; it is not intended to be relied upon as business or financial advice. Microsoft does not guarantee or otherwise warrant the accuracy or validity of this information and encourages you to consult with a business or financial professional as appropriate. RIEVA LESONSKY Founder and President, GrowBiz Media Rieva Lesonsky is founder and president of GrowBiz Media, a content and consulting company specializing in covering small businesses and entrepreneurship. A nationally known speaker and authority on entrepreneurship, Lesonsky has been covering America’s entrepreneurs for nearly 30 years. Before co-founding GrowBiz Media, Lesonsky was Editorial Director of Entrepreneur Magazine.

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**• Motion is a change in position measured by distance and time.**

• Velocity tells the speed and direction of a moving object. • Speed tells us the rate at which an object moves. Acceleration tells us the rate speed or direction changes. Describing the motion of an object is occasionally hard to do with words. Sometimes graphs help make motion easier to picture, and therefore understand. I like to speak spontaneously, so I use PowerPoint as an outline to keep me on track. It’s best to keep your PowerPoint text brief, simply reinforcing key points you will talk about at more length. You can use this slide template to convey a series of steps or related points in a short format.

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DISTANCE-TIME GRAPHS Time is always plotted on the X-axis (bottom of the graph). The further to the right on the axis, the longer the time from the start. Distance is plotted on the Y-axis (side of the graph). The higher up the graph, the further from the start. A plain old bulleted list can get boring, so use graphics to liven it up. An image that conveys what you’re saying in visual format (like this diagram) can reinforce your ideas in the audience’s mind. If an object is not moving, a horizontal line is shown on a distance-time graph. Time is increasing to the right, but its distance does not change. It is not moving. We say it is At Rest.

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If an object is moving at a constant speed, it means it has the same increase in distance in a given time: Time is increasing to the right, and distance is increasing constantly with time. The object moves at a constant speed. Constant speed is shown by straight lines on a graph. I like to use an off-balance layout to keep things from getting too symmetrical. Customize this slide template graphics of your choice, including photos, clip art, your logo or illustrations. Good photos really help cement an idea in the audience’s mind. This slide is animated to display an appropriate image as you introduce each business type.

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Let’s look at two moving objects: Both of the lines in the graph show that each object moved the same distance, but the steeper dashed line got there before the other one: Graphs that show acceleration look different from those that show constant speed. The line on this graph is curving upwards. This shows an increase in speed , since the line is getting steeper: In other words, in a given time, the distance the object moves is changing (getting larger). It is accelerating. I often use color and graphics to add excitement to a presentation. Just because it’s about business doesn’t mean it has to be staid—you need movement, energy and color, as in this slide template. Use this slide template to illustrate relationships or processes. In this slide, I used it to show how demographic trends create a new consumer group and what products that group purchases. You could also use it to illustrate your sales cycle or relationships among departments in your company. A steeper line indicates a larger distance moved in a given time. In other words, higher speed. Both lines are straight, so both speeds are constant.

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Summary: A distance-time graph tells us how far an object has moved with time. • The steeper the graph, the faster the motion. • A horizontal line means the object is not changing its position - it is not moving, it is at rest. • A downward sloping line means the object is returning to the start. Insert a chart in this slide template to illustrate your topic visually, then use bullets or color to call out key findings or points from your chart in a brief format.

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Which of the graphs shows that one runner started at 10 yards further ahead of the other? Explain your answer. This slide template can show steps, stages or how various elements or factors combine to make one key result or goal. For instance, you could show how various departments in your business work together to make the sale, how key customer groups will all purchase your product, or how different funding sources will provide the total you need. This slide template also makes an excellent concluding slide for your presentation, enabling you to graphically sum up your key points into one final whole.

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In which of the following graphs below are both runners moving at the same speed? Explain your answer.

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Descriptions: 1. The car is stopped. 2. The car is traveling at a constant speed. 3. The speed of the car is decreasing. 4. The car is coming back. The distance-time graphs below represent the motion of a car. Match the descriptions with the graphs. Graph A matches description _____ because___________________. Graph B matches description _____ Because_______________________ __. Graph C matches description _____ because______________________. Graph D matches description _____ Because_______________________ ___.

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SPEED-TIME GRAPHS Speed-Time graphs are also called Velocity-Time graphs. Speed-Time graphs look much like Distance-Time graphs. Be sure to read the labels!! Time is plotted on the X-axis. Speed or velocity is plotted on the Y-axis. A straight horizontal line on a speed-time graph means that speed is constant. It is not changing over time. A straight line does not mean that the object is not moving! This graph shows increasing speed. The moving object is accelerating.

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**What about comparing two moving objects at the same time?**

Both the dashed and solid line show increasing speed. Both lines reach the same top speed, but the solid one takes longer. The dashed line shows a greater acceleration. This graph shows decreasing speed. The moving object is decelerating.

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Summary: A speed - time graph shows us how the speed of a moving object changes with time. • The steeper the graph, the greater the acceleration. • A horizontal line means the object is moving at a constant speed. • A downward sloping line means the object is slowing down.

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**The speed-time graphs below represent the motion of a car**

The speed-time graphs below represent the motion of a car. Match the descriptions with the graphs. Descriptions: 5. The car is stopped. 6. The car is traveling at a constant speed. 7. The car is accelerating. 8. The car is slowing down. Graph E matches description _____ because ______________________________. Graph F matches description _____ because _______________________________. Graph G matches description _____ because _______________________________. Graph H matches description _____ because _______________________________.

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**2. Which runner stopped for a rest? Explain your answer. **

Look at the graph below. It shows how three runners ran a 100-meter race. 1. Which runner won the race? Explain your answer. 2. Which runner stopped for a rest? Explain your answer. 3. How long was the stop? Explain your answer. 4. How long did Bob take to complete the race? Explain your answer. 5. Calculate Albert’s average speed. (Figure the distance and the time first!)

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**• accelerating • decelerating • constant speed • at rest **

Choose the correct words from the following list to describe the motion during each segment of the journey to fill in the blanks. • accelerating • decelerating • constant speed • at rest Segment 0-A The bus is ____. Its speed changes from 0 to 10 m/s in 5 sec. Segment A-B The bus is moving at a ____of 10 m/s for 5 seconds. Segment B-C The bus is ____. It is slowing down from 10 m/s to rest in 3 sec. Segment C-D The bus is ____. It has stopped. Segment D-E The bus is ____. It is gradually increasing in speed.

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